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Amorpha fruticosa L.
DESERT FALSE INDIGO
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Amorpha

Amorpha fruticosa, md, upper marlboro ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Amorpha fruticosa, md, upper marlboro ---.. ZS PMax

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Amorpha fruticosa
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Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Amy Boyd 2011 · 4
Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa

Amorpha fruticosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Amorpha fruticosa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma biformis @ BPI (1)

Phoma herbarum @ BPI (2)
Andrenidae  Andrena brevipalpis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena ceanothi @ AMNH_BEE (16)

Andrena cragini @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena miranda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena pruni @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apidae  Bombus auricomus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Diplodia amorphae @ BPI (20)

Microdiplodia amorphae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta amorphae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis peckii @ BPI (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria amorphae @ BPI (9)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium passaloroides @ BPI (4)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe amorphae @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Pinnaspis strachani @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype tumida @ BPI (3)

Eutypella amorphae @ BPI (7)
Excipulaceae  Dinemasporium decipiens @ BPI (2)
Formicidae  Pseudomyrmex @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Halictus rubicundus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum callidum @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (8)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys immaculata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hoplitis fulgida @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Hoplitis micheneri @ CUIC_ENT (1); BBSL (1)

Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hoplitis spoliata @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile mendica @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia pumila @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Melanommataceae  Aposphaeria collabescens @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Vanduzea triguttata @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Miridae  Lopidea hesperus @ AMNH_PBI (3); AMNH_ENT (28)

Neurocolpus brevicornis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Neurocolpus flavescens @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris tibialis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus amorphae @ AMNH_PBI (6)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora passaloroides @ BPI (8)

Passalora passaloroides @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ 550811A (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora cytisporoides @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pyrenophora petiolorum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia amorphae @ BPI (16)
Valsaceae  Cytospora amorphae @ BPI (1)

Valsa amorphae @ BPI (1)
_  Camarosporium amorphae @ BPI (5)

Uredo kansensis @ BPI (1)

Uropyxis amorphae @ BPI (127)

Valsaria insitiva @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/afruticosa.htm

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Amorpha fruticosa L.

False Indigo

Amorpha fruticosa plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - Woody, multiple. A shrub to +3m tall. Young branches pubescent.

Leaves - Alternate, odd-pinnate. Leaflets typically oblong, entire, mucronate, opposite, pubescent to glabrous above and below.

Amorpha fruticosa leaf

Inflorescence - Terminal and axillary racemes to +15cm long, +/-1.3cm in diameter. Pedicels to 3mm long.

Flowers - Corolla of single petal, deep violet-purple, to 5mm long. Petal falsely tubular and surrounding other floral organs. Stamens 10, monodelphous, slightly exserted. Filaments glabrous, white, 4-5mm long. Anthers orange, .6mm long. Style purplish, pubescent, 5mm long, exserted. Fruits to 7mm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Calyx pubescent, tubular, campanulate, 2.5mm long, 5-lobed. Lobes unequal, shallow. Lowest lobe acute.

Amorpha fruticosa flowers Flowers close-up.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Moist ground, gravel bars. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This striking shrub can be found throughout Missouri.
I believe Steyermark lists 5 varieties for this plant mostly based on leaf and stem pubescence. I won't go into those here. There is also a hybrid plant between A. fruticosa and A. canescens . This plant is called Amorpha X notha Palmer .
The genus name means "without shape", referring to the single-petaled corolla.

Photographs taken in the Ozark National Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 5-19-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AMFR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AMFR
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AMFR ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AMFR
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AMFR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AMFR
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Amorpha fruticosa L.
false indigo bush

Image of Amorpha fruticosa

General Information
Symbol: AMFR
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Other Common Names: desert false indigo
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Amorpha thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge, Belmont Bay. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 365. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
AMAN2 Amorpha angustifolia (Pursh) Boynt.
AMBU2 Amorpha bushii Rydb.
AMCR3 Amorpha croceolanata P.W. Watson
AMCU4 Amorpha curtissii Rydb.
AMDE3 Amorpha dewinkeleri Small
AMFRA Amorpha fruticosa L. var. angustifolia Pursh
AMFRC Amorpha fruticosa L. var. croceolanata (P.W. Watson) P.W. Watson ex Mouillef.
AMFRE Amorpha fruticosa L. var. emarginata Pursh
AMFRO2 Amorpha fruticosa L. var. oblongifolia Palmer
AMFRO Amorpha fruticosa L. var. occidentalis (Abrams) Kearney & Peebles
AMFRT Amorpha fruticosa L. var. tennesseensis (Shuttlw. ex Kunze) Palmer
AMOC Amorpha occidentalis Abrams
AMOCA Amorpha occidentalis Abrams var. arizonica (Rydb.) Palmer
AMOCE Amorpha occidentalis Abrams var. emarginata (Pursh) Palmer
AMTE7 Amorpha tennesseensis Shuttlw. ex Kunze
AMVI3 Amorpha virgata Small

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Amorpha L. – false indigo
Species Amorpha fruticosa L. – false indigo bush

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut false indigo Potentially invasive, banned
Washington indigobush Class B noxious weed indigobush, lead plant Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
U.S. Weed Information
Amorpha fruticosa false indigo indigobush This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (AMFR)
CalPhotos (AMFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMAN2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMBU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMCR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMCU4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMDE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFR)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRO2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMFRT)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMOC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMOCA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMOCE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMTE7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AMVI3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (AMFR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (AMFR)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (AMFR)
Native Plants Network (AMFR)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (AMFR)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (AMFR)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (AMFR)
Related Websites
CA-California Native Plant Link Exchange (AMFR)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (AMFR)
International Legume Database Information System (AMFR)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (AMFR)
MO-Missouri Plants (AMFR)
NC-Horticultural Shrubs (NCSU) (AMFR)
NC-Native Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (AMFR)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (AMFR)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (AMFR)
Southwest Environmental Information Network (SEINet) (AMFR)
TN-Tennessee Valley Authority (AMFR)
Texas A&M: Vascular Plant Image Gallery (AMFR)
USDI GS-Aquatic and Wetland Plants of the Northern Great Plains (AMFR)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (AMFR)
WA-NonNative Freshwater Plants (AMFR)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee

Sources

Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amorpha+fruticosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Amorpha+fruticosa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 38
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Amorpha fruticosa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1201 0446 [detail]
1998 Nick Kurzenko

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert False Indigo
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0854 [detail]
© 2003 Jennifer Forman

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0568 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1201 0444 [detail]
1998 Nick Kurzenko

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0160 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigo
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0720 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigo
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0721 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 0206 0318 [detail]
© 2006 Chet Blackburn

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1101 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1102 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0355 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0356 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0357 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0358 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0360 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0361 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0362 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0363 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0364 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0365 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0366 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0367 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
False Indigobush
ID: 0000 0000 1015 0368 [detail]
© 2015 Keir Morse

Amorpha fruticosa
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert Indigo-bush
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3877 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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