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Anchoa compressa (Girard, 1858)
Deepbody Anchovy

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Engraulidae   Anchoa

Anchoa compressa
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Anchoa compressa

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Main identification features
  • snout pointed, 1/2-3/4 eye
  • deep body
  • top jaw - not to edge preopercle, blunt tip
  • lower gill rakers 21-24
  • anal fin 27-31, origin just before center d
Body moderately deep, compressed; snout pointed, ½-3/4 of eye diameter long; top jaw medium length, not reaching rear of preopercle, tip blunt; no large canine teeth; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; third gill arch with raker; 21-24 rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; dorsal fin origin in mid-body; anal fin base long, 27-31 rays, origin just before middle of dorsal fin; pectorals long, reaching base of pelvics.

Bright silver stripe along flank often as wide as eye, not fading in death.

Size: 16.5 cm.

Habitat: marine, coastal pelagic, most commonly found in bays.

Depth: 0-18.5 m.

Point Conception, California to Magdalena Bay, Baja California.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 18.5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: phytoplankton; zooplankton; pelagic fish eggs; pelagic fish larvae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=36; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-121; Eastern limit=-112; Latitudinal range=11; Longitudinal range=9.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 16.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; Continent only; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Continent; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Near Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Girard, C., 1858., Fishes. In General report upon zoology fo the several Pacific railrad routes, 1857., U. S. Senate Misc. Doc., (78):1-400.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Anchoa&speciesname=compressa ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Anchoa-compressa.html
Anchoa compressa, Deep body anchovy : bait

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Anchoa compressa   (Girard, 1858)

Deep body anchovy Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Anchoa compressa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Anchoa compressa (Deep body anchovy) Anchoa compressa
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoa: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189 ).   Subtropical; 36°N - 20°N, 121°W - 110°W (Ref. 189 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Morro Bay, California (Ref. 2850 ) to Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9298 ); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9298 ); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 72482 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 27 - 34. Moderately deep. Snout pointed, about 1/2 to 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip rather blunt, not reaching to hind border of pre-operculum; pseudobranch short, covered by skin; gill cover canals of panamensis-type. Anal fin origin a little before midpoint of dorsal fin base. A bright silver stripe along flank, often as wide as eye, not fading on preservation.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A schooling species most commonly found in bays and inlets (the fourth most abundant fish taken by various gear in Newport Bay, California; its eggs are the most abundant of 7 species sampled, especially in May). The ovarian eggs are spherical. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 35602 ). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 8593 ). Basically filter-feeders, but at times have been observed feeding by selection (Ref. 4930 ). Normally used as bait (Ref. 9298 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 35602 ). Spawn in school (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana , 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Bait: usually FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13.2 - 21.6, mean 17.7 (based on 12 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00228 - 0.01104), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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