www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Click on map for details about points.
Main identification features
Body moderately deep, compressed; snout pointed, ½-3/4 of eye diameter long; top jaw medium length, not reaching rear of preopercle, tip blunt; no large canine teeth; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; third gill arch with raker; 21-24 rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; dorsal fin origin in mid-body; anal fin base long, 27-31 rays, origin just before middle of dorsal fin; pectorals long, reaching base of pelvics.
- snout pointed, 1/2-3/4 eye
- deep body
- top jaw - not to edge preopercle, blunt tip
- lower gill rakers 21-24
- anal fin 27-31, origin just before center d
Bright silver stripe along flank often as wide as eye, not fading in death.
Size: 16.5 cm.
Habitat: marine, coastal pelagic, most commonly found in bays.
Depth: 0-18.5 m.
Point Conception, California to Magdalena Bay, Baja California.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 18.5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: phytoplankton; zooplankton; pelagic fish eggs; pelagic fish larvae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=36; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-121; Eastern limit=-112; Latitudinal range=11; Longitudinal range=9.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 16.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; Continent only; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Continent; All species.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Surface; Near Surface; Water column only;
Links to other sites|
- Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
- Girard, C., 1858., Fishes. In General report upon zoology fo the several Pacific railrad routes, 1857., U. S. Senate Misc. Doc., (78):1-400.
- Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.
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Following modified from FishBase
|http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Anchoa&speciesname=compressa ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Anchoa-compressa.html|
Anchoa compressa, Deep body anchovy : bait
Deep body anchovy
Add your observation in
Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref.
). Subtropical; 36°N - 20°N, 121°W - 110°W (Ref.
Eastern Central Pacific: Morro Bay, California (Ref.
) to Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref.
: 27 - 34. Moderately deep. Snout pointed, about 1/2 to 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip rather blunt, not reaching to hind border of pre-operculum; pseudobranch short, covered by skin; gill cover canals of panamensis-type. Anal fin origin a little before midpoint of dorsal fin base. A bright silver stripe along flank, often as wide as eye, not fading on preservation.
A schooling species most commonly found in bays and inlets (the fourth most abundant fish taken by various gear in Newport Bay, California; its eggs are the most abundant of 7 species sampled, especially in May). The ovarian eggs are spherical. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref.
). Feeds on plankton (Ref.
). Basically filter-feeders, but at times have been observed feeding by selection (Ref.
). Normally used as bait (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
). Spawn in school (Ref.
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana
, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Threat to humans
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Check for Aquarium maintenance
Check for Species Fact Sheets
Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets
Alien/Invasive Species database
Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
| IGFA World Record |
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 13.2 - 21.6, mean 17.7 (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00228 - 0.01104), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Binohlan, Crispina B.
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