D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Aplodinotus grunniens Rafinesque, 1819
FRESHWATER DRUM
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sciaenidae   Aplodinotus


Click on map for details about points.

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Aplodinotus&speciesname=grunniens ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Aplodinotus-grunniens.html

You can sponsor this page

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Aplodinotus grunniens   Rafinesque , 1819

Freshwater drum Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Aplodinotus grunniens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Aplodinotus grunniens (Freshwater drum) Aplodinotus grunniens
Picture by The Native Fish Conservancy

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Aplodinotus: Greek, aploeides = simplicity + Greek,noton = back; single back in reference to the slighty joined dorsal fins (Ref. 45335 ) ;   grunniens: grunniens meaning grunting (Ref. 10294 ) .   More on author: Rafinesque .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; depth range 30 - ? m (Ref. 9988 ).   Subtropical; ? - 32°C (Ref. 12741 ), preferred ?; 58°N - 27°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North and Central America: East of Rocky Mountains in St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba and Saskatchewan in Canada and south to the Gulf of Mexico in USA; and Gulf Coast drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama through east Mexico to Rio Usumacinta system in Guatemala.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 95.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637 ); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9988 ); max. published weight: 24.7 kg (Ref. 4699 ); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 72462 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in bottoms of medium to large rivers and lakes (Ref. 557 , 10294 ). Adults feed on aquatic insect immatures such as mayflies ( Hexagenia ), amphipods, fish (especially shad and young drum), crayfish and mollusks. Larval stages of drum consume larvae of other fishes, while young fishes utilize zooplankton (Ref. 10294 ). Known to produce sound. L-shaped otoliths are collected as 'lucky stones' (Ref. 557 ). Utilized fresh and can be pan-fried and broiled (Ref. 9988 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr , 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Aquaculture: production ; fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00607 - 0.01808), b=3.22 (3.08 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.43 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum Comments & Corrections Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : localhost Page last modified by : caldemita - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 2.9754 seconds

Updated: 2017-06-27 14:19:09 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation