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Atherinidae
SILVERSIDES
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Hypoatherina harringtonensis
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Hypoatherina harringtonensis
Atherinomorus
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Atherinomorus

Atherinomorus stipes
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Atherinomorus stipes
Atherinidae
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Atherinidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • elongate;snout short;mouth at front, not extendable
  • 2 ds, well separated; 1st dorsal fin : ii-iv
  • no ll
  • pectoral high
  • pelvic on abdomen
  • flank: silver stripe
FAMILY ATHERINIDAE

TRUE SILVERSIDES

Mouth at front, top jaw not extendable; premaxilla with rear end narrow and pointed (not expanded), and with a bony process behind it; small teeth present on both jaws and sometimes the front of the roof of the mouth; gill rakers generally large; large eyes; two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with II-IV spines, the second with I spine at front; anal fin with I front spine; pectoral fin inserted high on body, above mid-level of eye; pelvic fin on belly, I,5; tail fin forked; no lateral line; scales smooth, sometimes with ruffled rear edges; with a silver stripe along mid-side.

This family, which occurs worldwide, has 13 genera with about 70 species. There are no native species in the TEP, but two tropical Atlantic members have been introduced into our area. These fishes are small schooling forms found in habitats ranging from freshwater to marine, in tropical to subtropical areas.


References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Ayres, W. O., 1860., Description of fishes., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1), 2:73-77.
  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and De Lachica-Bonilla, F., 1997., Análisis comparativo de las comunidades ícticas de fondos blandos y someros de la Bahía de La Paz, B.C. S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:177-188.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and Balart, E. F., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la ictiofauna de fondos blandos y someros de la Ensenada de La Paz y Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:139-150.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Chernoff, B., 1986., Systematics of American Atherinid fishes of the genus Atherinella. I. The subgenus Atherinella., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 138:86-188.
  • Dyer, B.S. and Chernoff, B., 1996., Phylogenetic relationships among atheriniform fishes (Teleostei: Atherinomorpha)., Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117:1-69.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1903., Descriptions of new, little known, and typical atherinidae., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1903:727-742.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Girard, C., 1854., Descriptions of new fishes, collected by Dr. A. L. Heermann, naturalist attached to the survey of the Pacific Railroad Route, under Lieut. R. S. Williamson, U. S. A., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 7:129-140.
  • Goode, G. B., 1877., A preliminary catalogue of the reptiles, fishes, and leptocardians of the Bermudas, with descriptions of four species of fishes believed to be new., Am. J. Sci. Arts., 14:289-298.
  • Günther, A., 1864., Report of a collection of fishes made by Messrs. Dow, Godman and Salvin in Guatemala. Part first., Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1864(1):144-154.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., Fishes of the Republic of El Salvador, Central America., Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries., 41:236-287.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1896., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1-1240.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1880., Notes on a collection of fishes from San Diego, California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 3:23-34.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Description of thirty-three new species of fishes from Mazatlan, Mexico., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4(1881):338-365.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Meyers , G.S.and Wade, C.B., 1942., The Pacific American atherinid fishes of the genera Eurystole, Nectarges, Coleotropis and Melanorhinus., Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 9:113-149.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Phillips, P. C., 1981., Annotated Checklist of Fishes at Jiquilisco Bay, El Salvador., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 29:45-58.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Rojas , J. R. , Pizarro , J. F. and Castro, M.V., 1994., Diversidad y Abundancia íctica en tres áreas de manglar en el Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42:663-672.
  • Rubio , R. E. A. and Estupiñan, F., 1990., Ictiofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga, un Analisis de su Estructura y Perspectivas para su Manejo., Memorias del VII Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias y Tecnologías del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :660-670.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Schomburgk, R. H., 1848., The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions. London., Hist. Barbados, :1-722.
  • Starks, E. C., 1906., On a Collection of fishes made by P. O. Simons in Ecuador and Peru., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 30:761-800.
  • Steindachner, F., 1875., Ichthyologische Beiträge (II). I. Die Fische von Juan Fernandez in den Sammlungen des Wiener Museums. II. Über einige neue Fischarten von der Ost- und Westküste Süd-Amerikas., Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 71:443-480.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

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