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Augochloropsis metallica (Fabricius, 1793)
Andrena metallica Fabricius, 1793; Augochlora cuprea Smith, 1853; Augochlora fulgida Smith, 1853; Augochlora fervida Smith, 1853; Augochlora lucidula Smith, 1853; Augochlora viridula_homonym Smith, 1853; Augochlora cleomis Titus, 1901; Halictus (Augochlora) chlorisis Vachal, 1903; Halictus (Augochlora) viridissima Viereck, 1910; Augochlora fulvofimbriata Friese, 1917; Augochloropsis metallica fulgida (Smith, 1853)

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Halictidae   Augochloropsis
Subgenus: Paraugochloropsis

Augochloropsis metallica FEM CFP comp
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Augochloropsis metallica FEM CFP comp

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Augochloropsis metallica MALE CFP comp
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Augochloropsis metallica MALE CFP comp
Augochloropsis metallica, F, Back, U ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochloropsis metallica, F, Back, U ---.. ZS PMax

Augochloropsis metallica, F, Face, U ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochloropsis metallica, F, Face, U ---.. ZS PMax
Augochloropsis metallica, F, Side, U ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Augochloropsis metallica, F, Side, U ---.. ZS PMax

Augochloropsis metallica
Ted Kropiewnicki · 1
Augochloropsis metallica
Augochloropsis metallica
Ted Kropiewnicki · 1
Augochloropsis metallica

Augochloropsis metallica, back
Ted Kropiewnicki · 1
Augochloropsis metallica, back
Augochloropsis metallica, Barcode of Life Data Systems
Barcode of Life Data Systems · 1
Augochloropsis metallica, Barcode of Life Data Systems

Augochloropsis metallica metallica, male, labrum
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, male, labrum
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, male, propodeum
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, male, propodeum

Augochloropsis metallica metallica: female: metanotum
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica: female: metanotum
Augochloropsis metallica metallica: female: pronotalcarina
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica: female: pronotalcarina

Augochloropsis metallica metallica, female, side
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, female, side
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, female, terga top
© John B. Pascarella, Valdosta State University, Georgia · 1
Augochloropsis metallica metallica, female, terga top
Overview
Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1960 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 141.


FEMALE—Length 9 mm.; entire body brilliant green; mandibles black to piceous, base narrowly greenish; clypeus bright green, apex narrowly black, punctures coarse and deep, well separated medially, close apically and finer laterally; supraclypeal area shining, lower portion almost impunctate, upper portion above an obscure transverse ridge more rugose and dull; face above antennae rather coarsely rugoso-punctate; cheeks smooth and shining below, with sparse and very minute punctures, becoming microscopically tessellate above; lateral angles of pronotum only slightly produced; scutum somewhat shining, median punctures posteriorly slightly separated, becoming densely rugose laterally and anteriorly; scutellum somewhat shining, irregularly punctured, rather sparsely so each side of center; pleura rugose, becoming somewhat smoother along narrow posterior border; dorsal area of propodeum subequal in breadth to metanotum, finely roughened, lateral faces shining, with scattered, rather deep but variable punctures, posterior face polished, with sparse minute punctures; tarsi brownish-piceous in large part, but mid and hind basitarsi greenish toward base, legs otherwise green; inner half of tegulae green, becoming brownish on outer portion posteriorly, narrowly hyaline along thu outer anterior margin; wings hyaline, veins and stigma testaceous; abdominal terga shining, terga 1 and 2 with conspicuous, apical fimbriae, punctures fine but deep and distinct, well separated on basal tergum, rather close on tergum 2, becoming very close on 3 and 4, punctures somewhat finer and more sparse on the depressed margin of each tergum; pubescence short but quite uniform, entirely pale, that on head and thorax pale laterally and below, more or less fuscous on vertex and dorsum of thorax.

MALE—Length 9 mm.; entire body brilliant green; mandibles and labrum black to piceous; clypeus entirely green, punctures rather coarse and close but quite shallow; supraclypeal area shining and largely impunctate over lower half, upper half obscurely and shallowly punctate; face above antennae rather densely rugose and dull; cheeks shining and polished, nearly impunctate below, becoming very minutely and closely punctate or tessellate above; scape and pedicel black, flagellum brownish ferruginous beneath, black above, segment 2 only very slightly exceeding 1st, following segments relatively short; lateral angles of pronotum only slightly produced; scutum somewhat shining, punctures distinct but close medially and posteriorly, becoming densely rugose laterally and anteriorly; scutellum somewhat shining but quite closely punctate, very slightly grooved medially; pleura rather deeply and distinctly punctate below, becoming rugoso-punctate above and anteriorly; dorsal area of propodeum about as broad as metanotum, finely roughened but somewhat shining, lateral faces shining, closely and rather irregularly and finely punctate, posterior face somewhat shining but rather coarsely and closely punctate; tegulae green along inner margin, becoming brownish on outer margin posteriorly, more hyaline anteriorly; wings hyaline, veins and stigma testaceous; tarsi yellowish, legs otherwise green; abdominal terga smooth and shining, terga 1 and 2 bearing apical fimbriae, punctures deep and distinct, rather coarse and well separated on basal tergum, becoming closer and finer on each successive more apical tergum, depressed apical margins more sparsely and minutely punctate; pubescence largely pale, short and suberect; sterna 1-3 green, the remaining plates dark, 4 broadly incurved, with a slender, median, acute projection, 6 nearly straight apically; ventral inner lobe at base of gonostyli broadly rounded and rather short, the subapical dorsal lobe extremely broad and expansive, covering tips of penis valves, apex of gonostyli slightly excavated, bearing numerous rather short setae; volsellae obscure; penis valves deeply excavated dorsally toward base.

DISTRIBUTION—In one or more of its forms, cuprea ranges from Ontario and the New England states to Florida, west to South Dakota, Arizona and through Mexico to Panama, March to November in the United States.

FLOWER RECORDS—Apocynum, Aralia, Aronia, Aster, Bidens, Brassica, Ceanothus, Chrysanthemum, Cornus, Eryngium, Eupatorium, Fragaria, Gerardia, Haplopappus, Hydrangea, Hypericum, hex, Melilotus, Prunus, Rhus, Rubus and Salix. Robertson (1929) records this species (as Augochlora fervida and A. viridula) in the following additional genera: Arabis, Asclepias, Blephilia, Cacalia, Cassia, Caulophyllum, Celastrus, Cercis, Cicuta, Circaea, Claytonia, Coreopsis, Cornus, Crataegus, Diospyros, Dodecatheon, Erigenia, Geranium, Gnaphalium, Gonolobus, Hydrophyllum, Lepachys Lippia, Lycopus, Malva, Nepeta Osmorrhiza, Parthenium, Petalostemum, Polygonum, Polytaenia, Prunus, Pycnanthemum, Rhammus, Ribes, Rosa, Sagittaria, Sanicula, Scrophularia, Smilacina, Solidago, Specularia, Symphoricarpus, Taenidia, Thaspium, Tilia, Trifolium, Verbascum, Verbena, Veronica, Zanthoxyllum and Zizia.


Identification
Extracted from Augochloropsis of ENA by Arduser, M. (2009).

Female
T2 surface weakly tessellate between the small, close punctures; apical fringe hairs of T2 distinctly different than hairs elsewhere on apical area of tergite, i.e., somewhat flattened and slightly broadened at the base, arranged closely together appearing like the teeth of a comb along the apical margin of the tergite.
Fulgida
T2 surface shining, without tessellation or other microsculpture between the punctures; T2 punctures larger and more widely separated than in metallica; apical fringe hairs ofT2 identical to the hairs elsewhere on apical area oftergum, bristle-like and not arranged like the teeth of a comb along the apical margin of the tergite

Male
Tergites densely, finely punctate, interspaces weakly tessellate/microsculptured; suprac1ypeal area divided transversely by a single weak carina which does not reach the lateral margins of the sclerite; propodeal triangle not as shiny, and more sculptured than in fulgida
Fulgida
T2 surface shining, without tessellation or other microsculpture between the punctures, and T2 punctures larger and more widely separated than in metallica; suprac1ypeal area divided transversely by 2-3 weak, raised lines; propodeal triangle shiny and less sculptured than in metallica

Names
Scientific source:

Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
A. newhart  623 @ JRYB__SHEN (2)
Anacardiaceae  Schinus terebinthifolius @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apiaceae  Daucus carota @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Polytaenia nuttallii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apocynaceae  Apocynum cannabinum @ BBSL (2)
Asteraceae  Aster divaricatus @ BBSL (1)

Baccharis sp @ BBSL (1)

Baccharis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bidens pilosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Helianthus sp @ BBSL (1)

Senecio aureus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Senecio @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Solidago sp @ BBSL (2)

Tanacetum vulgare @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Brassicaceae  Barbarea vulgaris @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Elaeagnaceae  Elaeagnus sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Ericaceae  Calluna vulgaris @ UCMS_ENT (17)

Vaccinium corymbosum @ AMNH_BEE (2); UCMS_ENT (1)
Fabaceae  Acacia @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Chamaecrista fasciculata @ BBSL (1)

Dalea greggii @ BBSL (1)

Dalea pinnata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lathyrus japonicus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Prosopis juliflora @ BBSL (5)

Schrankia nuttallii @ BBSL (1)
J. rykken  1106 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

582 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

832 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
Lamiaceae  Pycnanthemum incanum @ BBSL (2)
Lauraceae  Sassafras @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Loasaceae  Cevallia sinuata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Polygonaceae  Polygonum @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Rosaceae  Aruncus aruncus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Photinia melanocarpa @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Potentilla @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Rosa arkansana @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Rosa rugosa @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Rosa @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Rubus argutus @ BBSL (1)

Rubus sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Scrophulariaceae  Penstemon sp @ BBSL (16)
Violaceae  Viola rostrata @ BBSL (1)
Vitaceae  Cissus trifoliata @ AMNH_BEE (2)
_  Withheld @ BBSL__CAVE (12)

blueberry @ NLA (1)

caneberry @ NLA (7)

cucurbit @ NLA (6)

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Updated: 2017-06-27 22:49:04 gmt
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