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Bregmaceros bathymaster Jordan and Bollman, 1890
CODLET
East-pacific codlet

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Bregmacerotidae   Bregmaceros

Bregmaceros bathymaster
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bregmaceros bathymaster

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Overview
Main identification features Small; elongate body; mouth at front; a single long dorsal fin ray on head, well separated from rest of fin, central part of dorsal fin with very short rays, I, 44-49 rays; anal fin similar to main part of dorsal fin, 44-50 rays; pectorals short, high on sides, 17-19 rays; pelvic fins on throat under operculum, 5-7 rays, inner 3-4 rays branched and short, outer 3 rays free, very long, fit into groove along abdomen and side of anal fin; top half of eye with transparent membrane; scales thin, small, smooth, 56-62 on lateral line, 10-11 in transverse series (below front of main part of dorsal fin); lateral line a large tube on each side of dorsal midline; jaws with 1-2 series of minute, slender, movable teeth, similar teeth at front of roof of mouth, no teeth on sides of roof of mouth.

Upper head and body brownish grey, lower part silvery white; fins whitish to translucid; eye blackish.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: over soft bottoms on continental shelf and slope.

Depth: 0-1246 m.

Southern Baja and the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California to Peru, the Revillagigedos Islands.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 1246 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: Pelagic crustacea; zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-7; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=35; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Offshore; In & Offshore.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 10 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Bottom; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1889., List of fishes collected at Green Turtle Cay, in the Bahamas, by Charles L. Edwards, with descriptions of three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 11:549-553.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Bregmaceros&speciesname=bathymaster ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Bregmaceros-bathymaster.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Bregmaceros bathymaster   Jordan & Bollman , 1890

Codlet Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bregmaceros bathymaster   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Bregmaceros bathymaster (Codlet) Bregmaceros bathymaster
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Bregmacerotidae (Codlets)
Etymology: Bregmaceros: Greek, bregma = front of the head + Greek, keras, -atos = horn (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Jordan .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 86 - ? m (Ref. 58018 ).   Subtropical; 45°N - 4°S, 126°W - 78°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: off Mexico to Gulf of Panama.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 37955 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 44-51; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 45 - 52; Vertebrae : 48 - 51. More than 50 lateral line scales; 10 scales in transverse series. Eye 3.0 in head. Depth 6.6 - 7 in standard length. The first dorsal fin consists of an elongate occipital ray (Ref. 36382 ). The caudal fin is well developed and separate from the dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 36382 ). Pelvic fins are jugular; the outer three rays are separate, thick, and elongate, extending well past the origin of the anal fin (Ref. 36382 ). Branchiostegal rays: 7-7 (Ref. 36382 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Neritic, restricted to the near-shore water of continental shelves. Reaches depths greater than 1000 m (Ref. 37955 ). Adults feed on plankton (Ref. 36382 ). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36382 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 36382 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Bailly, Nicolas | Collaborators

Shen, S.C. , 1960. Bregmaceros lanceolatus and Bregmaceros pescadorus , two new species of dwarf fishes from southern Taiwan and Pescadore Islands. Q. J. Taiwan Mus. 13 (1-2):67-74. (Ref. 31443 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00161 - 0.00986), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  . Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen Fish Forum
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