Reprinted with permission from: Mitchell, T.B. 1960 Bees of the Eastern United States. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 141. |
FEMALE—Length 7 mm.; black; length of face slightly less than distance between eyes above; eyes subparallel; cheeks slightly narrower than eyes; supraclypeal area, triangular lateral maculae and much of clypeus yellow, a pair of dark blotches on each side of clypeus sometimes merging along apical margin, process of labrum dark, apical margin sometimes yellow, the lateral maculae extending narrowly up eye margin much above level of antennae; process of labrum about twice as broad as long, broadly rounded apically; facial foveae deep and distinct, extending slightly below upper point of facial maculae; space between margin of vertex and lateral ocelli slightly less than distance between them; flagellum ferruginous beneath, median segments slightly broader than long; surface of head shining between deep, distinct punctures, these fine and close between antennae and ocelli, becoming slightly finer and more irregular on vertex laterally, more sparse on cheeks, slightly more coarse and deep below antennae, but obscure on maculated areas; pubescence of head and thorax short but rather dense, somewhat longer on vertex and cheeks, entirely pale, somewhat yellowish on vertex and dorsum of thorax; tubercles reddened; posterior margin of pronotum yellow except for a short median interruption; tegulae yellowish-hyaline, with a small but distinct, yellow, anterior spot; wings subhyaline, rather strongly violaceous, veins and stigma testaceous; 2nd recurrent vein entering 2nd submarginal cell about twice as near apex as 1st does to base; legs piceous, front and mid tibiae with a conspicuous basal yellow spot; spurs yellow; scutum rather dull due to the fine and deep but very close puncturation, this becoming somewhat more sparse on each side of middle of scutellum which is slightly grooved medially, the groove being densely and finely rugoso-punctate; pleura shining, with coarse, deep, well separated punctures; apical margins of abdominal terga depressed, rather deeply so laterally, these areas yellowish-hyaline, microscopically and closely punctate but somewhat shining, discs of terga deeply, closely and finely punctate, those on basal segments slightly more coarse; 2nd and following segments with rather dense, apical, whitish, pubescent fasciae which are more or less interrupted medially on the more basal segments, discal pubescence very short and obscure, but quite dense, fuscous, tergum 5 with a quite dense, pale brownish, apical fimbria.
MALE—Length 7 mm.; black; face slightly shorter than distance between eyes above; eyes slightly convergent below; cheeks much narrower than eyes; entire face below level of antennae, including labrum and mandibles, yellow, lateral maculae extending narrowly up eye margin, much above level of antennae, and scape with an elongate yellow macula anteriorly; process of labrum much broader than long, rounded apically; facial foveae quite shallow and obscure but rather distinct, terminating near the acute upper tip of facial maculae; space between margin of vertex and lateral ocelli much less than distance between them, only slightly exceeding their diameter; flagellum yellowish beneath, median segments slightly broader than long; face shining, punctures above antennae deep and distinct, close and rather fine, becoming rather minute, irregular and obscure on vertex laterally, very fine and quite sparse on shining cheeks, punctures of maculated areas rather sparse and irregular, quite obscure; pubescence of head and thorax rather long and erect, quite dense but not hiding surface, whitish laterally and beneath but becoming brownish or fuscous on vertex and dorsum of thorax; tubercles slightly reddened; posterior margin of pronotum yellow, this slightly interrupted medially; tegulae yellowish-hyaline, with a small, obscure, yellowish, anterior spot; wings subhyaline, rather strongly violaceous, veins and stigma brownish, 2nd recurrent vein entering 2nd submarginal cell slightly nearer apex than 1st does to base; tibiae, tarsi and spurs entirely yellow, femora largely dark but with yellow apex, the yellow on front femora extending about half way up anterior face; punctures of scutum and scutellum deep and distinct, rather coarse but close, pleura more coarsely and deeply punctate, punctures well separated, intervening spaces shining; apical margins of abdominal terga rather broadly and evenly depressed, these areas microscopically, closely punctate, somewhat shining, becoming narrowly hyaline along rims, discs of terga deeply, distinctly and closely punctate, rather coarsely so on basal tergum but becoming fine on the more apical segments; abdominal terga with whitish apical pubescent fasciae, these rather broadly interrupted medially, discal pubescence very short, but quite dense, fuscous; sternum 5 with an elongate, median, apical protuberance which is parallel- sided and rather abruptly truncate apically, with a double tuft of very short, inconspicuous setae; sternum 6 with a rather broad, median, apical emargination, the two lateral angles thus formed, produced and slightly recurved, bearing a tuft of short setae, a rather deep emargination separating this area from the lateral areas; sternum 7 produced medially into a pair of accuminate lobes which are obscurely divided medially toward apex, these separated from lateral portions of base by a slender pedestal; sternum 8 very much elongated, the slightly broader basal half, abruptly narrowed to form a slender pedestal bearing a spatulate apical projection which is rather densely pubescent; penis valves much elongated, slender, abruptly flexed at tip; gonostyli apparently represented by a pair of broad, apically rounded lobes at base of penis valves; gonocoxites produced apically beneath to form a subacute lobe opposed to the gonostyli.
DISTRIBUTION—This is primarily western in its range, but extends eastward to Illinois, in the north, and through Louisiana and Georgia to North Carolina in the South. It is in flight from May until October.
FLOWER RECORDS—Collected on Aster and Haplopappus in North Carolina. Robertson records it on Bidens aristosa, Boltonia asteroides, Coreopsis tripteris, Rudbeckia triloba and Solidago canadensis.
Reprinted from: Cresson, E.T., 1878. Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc.7:65-66.
Short, robust, black: head broader
than the thorax, clothed with pale pubescence on vertex and cheeks, face
very thinly clothed, the pubescence on vertex slightly tinged with ochraceous;
aides of the face extending narrowly nearly to the summit of the eyes, a
triangular spot between antean?, clypeus except two cuneiform black marks
sometimes nearly confluent, and base of mandibles occasionally, pale yellow;
labrum sometimes brown; flagellum testaceous beneath; thorax above clothed
with a short dense dull ochracemis pubescence, the sides with longer whitish
pubescence; a narrow slightly interrupted yellow band on posterior margin
of prothorax; tegulss dull testaceous yellow anteriorly; wings faintly dusky,
marginal cell long, obliquely truncated at tip, second submarginal as long as
the first, much narrowed towards marginal; legs with pale pubescence, more
dense on tibia and tarsi; four anterior knees pale yellowish; abdomen short
ovate, depressed, shining, the segments with an apical fringe of dense white
pubescence. Length .33 inch.
% .?Smaller than the 9, with the sides of face, clypeus entirely, labrum,
mandibles, scape beneath, tipa of femora and the tibies and tarsi? bright
yellow. Length .30 inch.
Hab?Colorado, (Ridings; Morrison). Five specimen?. This
closely resembles andrcniformin, Smith, (of which his flavipes is
doubtless the male), but is larger, more pubescent and easily dis
tinguished by the yellow mark on sides of the face being attenu
ated above and extending up on the orbits nearly to the summit
of the eye.
Extracted from Western Bees obtained by the American Museum Expeditions by Cockerell (1921). |
COLORADO: 2 if, Denver, August 28,1919, collected by Barbara 1\1. and :\larjorie
D. Schwarz; 1 if, Wray, about 3700 ft. alt., in moist place near the head of Dry
Willow Creek, August 18, 1919; 2 9, 9 if, Boulder, about 5600 ft. alt., between the
town and Orodell, August 11, 1919; 19, 1 if, Ward, about 9300 ft. alt., near town,
August 9, 1919, collected by Pierce Bailey, Jr.; 59, 7 if, Meeker, about 6200 ft.
alt., in town July 21, 1919, collected by Herbert F. Schwarz and Pearce Bailey, Jr.
WYOMING: 19, near the Thumb of Yellowstone Lake, Yellowstone National Park,
about 7750 ft. alt., July 20, 1920. UTAH: 49, 6if, Salt Lake City, about 5000 ft.
alt., near Fort Douglas, July 28, 1920, collected by Mrs. F. E. Lutz.
Calliopsis coloradensis fedorensis
The female has the disc of first abdominal segment beset with fine
punctures, but I cannot find good characters for the male. One female
(Boulder, COLORADO, on the plains at about 5300 ft. alt., August 12,
1919) had the clypeus black except the lower corners and aT-shaped
mark. It is only a variant, as three typicalfedorensis females were taken
at Boulder, with the same data. One female from Salt Lake City,
UTAH, at about 5000 ft. alt., July 28, 1920, collected by Mrs. F. E. Lutz,
can be referred here, but the punctures on the first segment are much
coarser, and it is presumably an independent mutation from coloradensis.
Professor O. A. Stevens has taken fedorensis at flowers of Grindelia
squarrosa, at Fargo, North Dakota. He obtained, with normal females,
a variant in which the clypeus is entirely black, except a slender line
across its upper border.
Calliopsis chlorops Cockerell, 1899, is not to be separated from
coloradensis. The male differs from Cresson's description in having the
tibire brown or piceous posteriorly, but this is not even a good racial
C. coloratipes (Cockerell) is at least a good subspecies; the male
has the face creamy white or very pfLle yellowish, instead of lemon-yellow,
and the female lacks the black bars on clypeus. C. coloratipes
occurs in New Mexico and Arizona, in the Middle and Lower Sonoran