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Callorhinchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823
ELEPHANTFISH
Elephant Fish; Elephant Shark; Ghost Shark; Ghostshark; Plownose Chimaera; Reperepe; Silver Fish; White Fillets; White Fish; White-fish; Whitefish; Callorhynchus callorynchus Linnaeus, 1758; Callorhynchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823; Callorychus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823; Callorhynchus australis Owen, 1852; Callorhynchus tasmanius Richardson, 1840

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Callorhinchidae   Callorhinchus


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  • Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/6f166b6d-02e0-4182-9091-eb216826c3eb/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/6f166b6d-02e0-4182-9091-eb216826c3eb/
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Callorhinchus&speciesname=milii ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Callorhinchus-milii.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Callorhinchus milii   Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1823

Ghost shark Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
Callorhinchus milii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Callorhinchus milii (Ghost shark) Callorhinchus milii
Picture by Aitken, K.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Callorhinchidae (Plownose chimaeras)
Etymology: Callorhinchus: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 227 m (Ref. 26346 ).   Subtropical; 33°S - 50°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 71.0 , range 70 - ? cm
Max length : 125 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346 ); common length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on continental shelves to depths of at least 200 m (Ref. 6871 ). Migrates into large estuaries and inshore bays in the spring to breed (Ref. 6871 ). Feeds mainly on shellfish (Ref. 26346 ). Oviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205 ). Flesh is of good eating quality. Males have a small, club-like protuberance on the head and also long copulation organs near the pelvic fins (Ref. 557 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Migrates into large estuaries and inshore bays in the spring to breed (Ref. 6871 ). Oviparous, two egg cases (Ref. 26346 ) are laid on sandy or muddy bottoms and take up to 8 months to hatch (Ref. 6871 ). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449 ).Young hatch at about 15 cm (Ref. 26346 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens , 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Ecotoxicology
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Eggs
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Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00159 - 0.01095), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.29 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.26; tm=2-6; Fec=2). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (75 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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