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Carpinus caroliniana Walter
AMERICAN HORNBEAM
Ironwood

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Carpinus

Carpinus caroliniana, Musclewood
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Carpinus caroliniana, Musclewood

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Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Carpinus caroliniana
Carpinus caroliniana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Carpinus caroliniana, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf - whole upper surface

Carpinus caroliniana, _leaf.JP80032_30.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Carpinus caroliniana, leaf
JP80032_30
Carpinus caroliniana, _twig.JP80049_75.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Carpinus caroliniana, twig
JP80049_75

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Betulaceae  Carpinus caroliniana @ I_EHLK (3)
_  tree @ I_EHJH (4)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia conica @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Euceraphis mucida @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (15); AMNH_PBI (2)
Betulaceae  Carpinus caroliniana @ I_EHLK (3)
Calosphaeriaceae  Calosphaeria microsperma @ BPI (2)
Chionosphaeraceae  Chionosphaera apobasidialis @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (1)

Eratoneura accola @ III (1)

Eratoneura aculeata @ III (5); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (5)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura anseri @ III (1)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (2)

Eratoneura arpegia @ III (1)

Eratoneura arta @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (3)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (2)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (2)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (6)

Eratoneura clara @ III (1)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (3)

Eratoneura curta @ III (1)

Eratoneura dira @ III (6)

Eratoneura direpta @ III (7)

Eratoneura ellisi @ III (1)

Eratoneura emquu @ III (1)

Eratoneura firma @ III (3)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (28); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura gemoides @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (6)

Eratoneura glicilla @ III (1)

Eratoneura igella @ III (2)

Eratoneura immota @ III (1)

Eratoneura impar @ III (3)

Eratoneura inepta @ III (1)

Eratoneura knullae @ III (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura lata @ III (2)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (1)

Eratoneura lucyae @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (2)

Eratoneura manus @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (2)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (1)

Eratoneura mira @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura mirifica @ III (1)

Eratoneura misera @ III (20); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura nimia @ III (6); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (3)

Eratoneura patris @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura prolixa @ III (1)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (1)

Eratoneura sancta @ III (1)

Eratoneura spala @ III (1)

Eratoneura staffordi @ III (2)

Eratoneura staminea @ III (2)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (2)

Eratoneura teres @ III (2)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (13)

Eratoneura triangulata @ III (63)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (3)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (2)

Erythridula albescens @ III (1)

Erythridula ampla @ III (1)

Erythridula coarctata @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (2)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (2)

Erythridula diffisa @ III (1)

Erythridula divisa @ III (1)

Erythridula eluta @ III (2)

Erythridula falcata @ III (1)

Erythridula freta @ III (1)

Erythridula herberti @ III (1)

Erythridula infinita @ III (1)

Erythridula jocosa @ III (1)

Erythridula lloydi @ III (1)

Erythridula lyratae @ III (1)

Erythridula minuta @ III (5)

Erythridula modica @ III (11)

Erythridula normanti @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (3)

Erythridula parsonsi @ III (1)

Erythridula parvispicata @ III (1)

Erythridula penelutea @ III (2)

Erythridula praecisa @ III (1)

Erythridula scissa @ III (2)

Erythridula stylata @ III (2)

Erythridula tenebrosa @ III (4)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (3)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythridula volucris @ III (3)

Erythroneura aza @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Erythroneura beameri @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Erythroneura calycula @ III (1)

Erythroneura diva @ III (1)

Erythroneura kerzhneri @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (1)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (1)

Erythroneura vitis @ III (1)

Oncopsis nigrinasi @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Cixiidae  Cixius misellus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Melanoliarus ecologus @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (3)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium caryigenum @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Cryptosporiopsis fasciculata @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporium caryigenum @ BPI (1)

Cylindrosporium dearnessii @ BPI (1)

Dermatea carpinea @ BPI (1)

Dermea carpinea @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium robergei @ BPI (18)

Monostichella robergei @ BPI (2)

Pezicula carpinea @ BPI (28)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe carpini @ BPI (3)

Diaporthe decipiens @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe ellisii @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe leucosarca @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype stigma @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (1)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (13)

Eutypella stellulata @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (5)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (2)

Uncinula macrospora @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (3)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (1)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (3)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia amoena @ BPI (1)

Gnomonia fimbriata @ BPI (5)

Gnomonia rodmanii @ 878211A (1)

Gnomoniella carpinea @ 878211B (1); BPI (2)

Gnomoniella fimbriata @ BPI (10)

Laestadia carpinea @ BPI (2)

Mamiania fimbriata @ BPI (2)
Graphidaceae  Glyphis cicatricosa @ I_GBP (2)

Graphis scripta @ GAL (1)

Phaeographis atromaculata @ I_GBP (1)
Helotiaceae  Bisporella confluens @ BPI (1)

Cenangium rubiginellum @ BPI (2)

Cenangium rubiginosum @ BPI (6)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum adustum @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete agglutinans @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea gelatinosa @ BPI (2)
Lachnocladiaceae  Asterostroma muscicola @ BPI (1)
Letrouitiaceae  Letrouitia parabola @ GAL (1)
Magnaporthaceae  Clasterosporium cornigerum @ BPI (1)
Massarinaceae  Massarina eburnea @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis carpinigera @ BPI (1)

Melanconis chrysostroma @ BPI (4)

Melanconis hyperopta @ BPI (3)

Melanconis platystroma @ BPI (1)

Melanconis xanthostroma @ BPI (1)

Melanconium triangulare @ BPI (1)

Melogramma patens @ BPI (1)

Melogramma vagans @ BPI (1)

Wuestneia xanthostroma @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius tremellosus @ BPI (2)

Merulius @ BPI (1)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus incisus @ NCSU_ENT (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp18 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp20 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myrtlemiris astartephila @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus rideri @ NCSU_ENT (90)

Reuteria fuscicornis @ AMNH_PBI (13)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium carpineum @ BPI (3)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (8)

Nectria galligena @ BPI (2)

Nectria sanguinea @ BPI (3)

Tubercularia fasciculata @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Fracchiaea callista @ BPI (1)
Parmeliaceae  Bulbothrix goebelii @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora burtii @ BPI (2)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora heterocystidia @ BPI (4)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Banasa calva @ NCSU (1)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria leioplaca @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria subpertusa @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia albicans @ GAL (1)

Phaeophyscia rubropulchra @ GAL (1)

Pyxine subcinerea @ GAL (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium tiara @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Stemphylium magnusianum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (2)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (2)

Fomes tenuis @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Panus salicinus @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus biennis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (4)

Polyporus caesius @ BPI (2)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fractipes @ BPI (2)

Polyporus gilvus @ BPI (11)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus nidulans @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pruinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pubescens @ BPI (2)

Polyporus rhipidium @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sector @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (7)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)

Poria ferrea @ BPI (2)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (1)

Poria laevigata @ BPI (1)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria subserpens @ BPI (1)

Poria undata @ BPI (1)

Poria unita @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (4)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (3)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula subelliptica @ GAL (1)
Ramalinaceae  Phyllopsora parvifolia @ GAL (1); I_GBP (1)

Phyllopsora @ GAL (3)

Ramalina stenospora @ I_GBP (2)
Sarcosomataceae  Strumella coryneoidea @ BPI (2)
Saturniidae  Antheraea polyphemus @ I_DDX (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (4)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria bolaris @ BPI (1)

Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium hesleri @ BPI (2)

Septobasidium langloisii @ BPI (5)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (12)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (6)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia crustosa @ BPI (1)

Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (7)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus oakesii @ BPI (1)

Laxitextum bicolor @ BPI (1)

Stereum complicatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum erumpens @ BPI (2)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (4)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (10)

Stereum sericeum @ BPI (24)

Stereum striatum @ BPI (17)

Stereum versiforme @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina australis @ BPI (3)
Tingidae  Leptoypha mutica @ NCSU (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella lutescens @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium citrinum @ BPI (2)

Phyllotopsis nidulans @ BPI (1)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella pruinosa @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia anomala @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Asteroma vagans @ BPI (1)

Cytospora leucosperma @ BPI (3)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia simulans @ BPI (2)

Daldinia vernicosa @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon mediterraneum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (5)

Hypoxylon truncatum @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia subiculata @ BPI (2)

Xylaria flabelliformis @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria carpinea @ BPI (1)

Cheirospora botryospora @ BPI (1)

Cytosporina cerviculata @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia rubicarpa @ BPI (1)

Diplozythia @ BPI (1)

Discosporina carpinicola @ BPI (1)

Fissurina insidiosa @ I_GBP (1)

Myxosporium incarnatum @ BPI (2)

Sporocybe parasitica @ BPI (3)

Thyrsidium hederaecolum @ BPI (1)

Valsaria exasperans @ BPI (1)

ladybug @ I_DDX (1)

plant @ I_EHJP (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Carpinus

1. Carpinus caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 236. 1788.

Carpinus americana Michaux

Trees , to 12 m; trunks short, often crooked, longitudinally or transversely fluted, crowns spreading. Bark gray, smooth to somewhat roughened. Wood whitish, extremely hard, heavy. Winter buds containing inflorescences squarish in cross section, somewhat divergent, 3--4 mm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic, 3--12 × 3--6 cm, margins doubly serrate, teeth typically obtuse and evenly arranged, primary teeth often not much longer than secondary; surfaces abaxially slightly to moderately pubescent, especially on major veins, with or without conspicuous dark glands. Inflorescences: staminate inflorescences 2--6 cm; pistillate inflorescences 1--2.5 cm. Infructescences 2.5--12 cm; bracts relatively uncrowded, 2--3.5 × 1.4--2.8 cm, lobes narrow, elongate, apex nearly acute, obtuse, or rounded, central lobe (1--)2--3 cm.

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Carpinus caroliniana consists of two rather well-marked geographical races, treated here as subspecies. These hybridize or intergrade in a band extending from Long Island along the Atlantic coast through coastal Virginia and North Carolina, and then westward in northern South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Plants with intermediate features are also found throughout the highlands of Missouri and Arkansas. J. J. Furlow (1987b) has described the variation of this complex in detail.

Native Americans used Carpinus caroliniana medicinally to treat flux, navel yellowness, cloudy urine, Italian itch, consumption, diarrhea, and constipation, as an astringent, a tonic, and a wash, and to facilitate childbirth (D. E. Moerman 1986; no subspecies specified).

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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Carpinus+caroliniana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-12-14 05:32:44 gmt
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