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Castanea pumila (L. ) Mill.
Allegheny Alleghany Chinkapin; Calophyllum calaba

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Castanea

Castanea pumila, Chinkapin
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 5
Castanea pumila, Chinkapin

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Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Castanea pumila

Castanea pumila, _fruit.JP80055_22.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Castanea pumila, fruit

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena rehni @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena w-scripta @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Anoecia querci @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Calaphis betulaecolens @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Calaphis castaneoides @ NCSU_ENT (10)

Patchia virginiana @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella quercina @ BPI (1); 363028B (1); 363028A (1)

Phyllosticta castaneae @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Alebra eburnea @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Eratoneura andersoni @ III (2)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (1)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (1)

Eratoneura crinita @ III (3)

Eratoneura forfex @ III (1)

Eratoneura knullae @ III (3)

Eratoneura mcateei @ III (1)

Eratoneura parva @ III (1)

Eratoneura propria @ III (1)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (1)

Erythridula cuneata @ III (1)

Erythroneura integra @ III (1)

Graphocephala fennahi @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Typhlocyba @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (6)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (1)

Endothia parasitica @ BPI (7)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium septorioides @ BPI (1)

Pyrenopeziza @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (6)
Membracidae  Atymna castaneae @ NCSU (28)
Miridae  Reuteroscopus ornatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from N.C. State University
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPU9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPU9
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CAPU9 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPU9
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPU9 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAPU9
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Castanea pumila (L.) Mill.

Image of Castanea pumila

General Information
Symbol: CAPU9
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Other Common Names: chinkapin
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Castanea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, GA, Savannah. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 616. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Castanea Mill. – chestnut
Species Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. – chinquapin

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Castanea pumila . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Castanea pumila</i>
(L.) Mill. var. <i>
(Ashe) Tucker
Castanea pumila var. ozarkensis
Ozark chinquapin Distribution of <i>
Castanea pumila</i>
(L.) Mill. var. <i>
pumila </i>
Castanea pumila var. pumila

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Kentucky Allegheny chinkapin Threatened
New Jersey chinquapin Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CAPU9)
Flora of North America (CAPU9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAPU9)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CAPU9)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CAPU9)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CAPU9)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CAPU9)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CAPU9)
Related Websites
AL-Alabama Forestry Commission Fact Sheet (CAPU9)
AL-Auburn University Horticulture (CAPU9)
American Chestnut Growers Foundation (CAPU9)
CT-Identification of American Chestnut Trees (CAPU9)
Forestry Images (CAPU9)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems and Plant Identification (CAPU9)
NC-Trees of the Maritime Forest (NCSU) (CAPU9)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CAPU9)
TN-University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Chestnut Links (CAPU9)
TX-Native Tree Photo Gallery (TAMU) (CAPU9)
TX-Texas Native Trees (223+) (CAPU9)
UK-Plants For A Future (CAPU9)
USDI FWS-BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program (CAPU9)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology Fact Sheet (CAPU9)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Castanea

3. Castanea pumila (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Castanea no. 2. 1768.

Chinquapin, chinkapin, dwarf chestnut

Fagus pumila Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 998. 1753; Castanea alnifolia Nuttall; C . alnifolia var. floridana Sargent; C . floridana (Sargent) Ashe; C . pumila var. ashei Sudworth

Shrubs or trees , to 15 m, often rhizomatous. Bark gray to brown, smooth to slightly fissured. Twigs puberulent with spreading hairs, occasionally glabrate with age. Leaves: petiole 3-7(-10) mm. Leaf blade narrowly elliptic to narrowly obovate or oblanceolate, 40-210 × 20-80 mm, base rounded to cordate, margins obscurely to sharply serrate, each abruptly acuminate tooth with awn usually less than 2 mm; surfaces abaxially typically densely covered with appressed stellate or erect-woolly, whitish to brown trichomes, sometimes essentially glabrate especially on shade leaves, veins often minutely puberulent. Pistillate flower 1 per cupule. Fruits: cupule 2-valved, enclosing 1 flower, valves irregularly dehiscing along 2 sutures, longest spines usually less than 10 mm; nut 1 per cupule, ovate-conic, 7-21 × 7-19 mm, round in cross section, not flattened, beak less than 3mm excluding styles.

Flowering spring (May-Jun). Forest, open woods, forest understory, dry sandy and wet sandy barrens; 0-1000 m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Castanea pumila was thought to be extirpated from Long Island, New York, but it was recently recollected in Suffolk County.

Numerous names have been applied to populations included here under Castanea pumila (see also C . ozarkensis ). In general, the pattern of morphologic variation suggests three forms that have some geographic and ecologic continuity, but among which sufficient clinal variation occurs to prevent easy recognition. Plants of higher elevation and northern populations tend to be trees or large shrubs with densely tomentose vestiture of the abaxial leaf surface, while southern coastal populations typically have flat-stellate vestiture, often very sparse or even glabrate (e.g., C . floridana ). These coastal populations may be separated into forms that are trees or large shrubs with leaves sparsely to not at all glandular versus low rhizomatous shrubs with prominent globose glands on twigs and leaves (centered in northern Florida and adjacent Georgia). The latter form is probably the same as C . alnifolia .

Various preparations of the leaves of Castanea alnifolia were used by Native Americans medicinally to relieve headaches and as a wash for chills and cold sweats; preparations from unspecified parts of the plants were used to treat fever blisters (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2018-07-19 08:47:17 gmt
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