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Cathorops fuerthii (Steindachner, 1877)
CONGO SEA CATFISH
Congo sea-catfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Ariidae   Cathorops

Cathorops fuerthii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cathorops fuerthii

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Cathorops fuerthii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cathorops fuerthii
Cathorops fuerthii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cathorops fuerthii

Cathorops fuerthii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cathorops fuerthii
Cathorops fuerthii
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Cathorops fuerthii
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head: central groove - 2 parts;eye small
  • pectoral spine - finely serrated
  • palate - teeth patches touching
  • jaw teeth bands wide
  • gill opening at side
Dorsal rays I,7; anal rays 19-23; pectoral rays I,10-11; gill rakers on first arch 5-7 + 10-12; rakers present on posterior surface of all gill arches; body moderately robust; lips fleshy, but not thick; groove on top of head discontinuous - a short groove on snout, another posteriorly; eye small (3.0-4.0 in fleshy space between eyes); gill opening restricted, gill membranes forming low fold across throat or joined to it in center; jaws wide, wth large teeth; teeth at front of top jaw in a continuous broad band; palate teeth large and conical, in two large oval patches that touch or nearly do, more oblique than horizontal; pectoral spine finely serrated.

Dark blue or brownish on back, silvery white on sides and belly; fins dusky.

Size: grows to at least 35 cm.

Inhabits brackish estuaries and fresh water.

Depth: 0-20 m.

Eastern Gulf of California to northern Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=28; Southern limit=-6; Western limit=-111; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=34; Longitudinal range=33.
Egg Type: Brooded; No pelagic larva; No pelagic phase.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom only; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 35 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castri-Aguirre, J.L., Espinoza-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2002., Lista sitemática, biogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna estuarino lagunar y vicaria de México. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:117-142.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Rojas , J. R. , Pizarro , J. F. and Castro, M.V., 1994., Diversidad y Abundancia íctica en tres áreas de manglar en el Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42:663-672.
  • Steindachner, F., 1877., Ichthyologische Beiträge. IV. [With subtitles i-iv.]., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 72:551-616.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cathorops fuerthii   (Steindachner, 1876)

Congo sea catfish Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Cathorops fuerthii (Congo sea catfish) Cathorops fuerthii
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Cathorops: Greek, kathorao = to observe, to watch + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Tropical; 23°N - 3°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North, Central and South America: Pacific draining rivers from Mexico to Ecuador.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39852 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in fresh, brackish and marine waters (Ref. 9271 ). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9271 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | Collaborators

Kailola, P.J. and W.A. Bussing , 1995. Ariidae. Bagres marinos. p. 860-886. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9271 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Data deficient (DD)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00441 - 0.02066), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.4   ±0.80 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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