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Celtis occidentalis L.
COMMON HACKBERRY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Cannabaceae   Celtis

Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry bark
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry bark

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Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry leaves
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry leaves
Celtis occidentalis
© Graham Wyatt, 2009-2010 · 6
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Graham Wyatt, 2009-2010 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Celtis occidentalis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Amphisphaeria nuda @ BPI (5)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia celtidigena @ BPI (1)

Diplodia celtidis @ BPI (3)

Diplodia gallicola @ BPI (1)

Diplodia inquinans @ BPI (1)

Macrophoma celtidis @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta celtidis @ BPI (22)

Sphaeropsis celtidis @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis gallae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis longipes @ BPI (2)
Cercopidae  Clastoptera laenata @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Cicadellidae  Aulacizes irrorata @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (1)

Eratoneura lawsoni @ III (1)

Eratoneura pyra @ III (1)

Erythridula aenea @ III (1)

Erythridula rubroscuta @ III (1)

Erythroneura comes @ III (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria celtidis @ BPI (4)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium defoliatum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium celtidis @ BPI (3)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Aspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Chionaspis nyssae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma formosum @ BPI (1)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (1)

Eutypella stellulata @ BPI (2)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria celtidis @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera @ 555449A (1); 555449B (1)

Sphaerotheca phytoptophila @ BPI (22)

Uncinula parvula @ BPI (35)

Uncinula polychaeta @ BPI (15)
Excipulaceae  Dinemasporium decipiens @ BPI (3)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (2)

Daedalea farinacea @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia celtifolia @ BPI (6)
Massariaceae  Massaria foedans @ BPI (4)
Membracidae  Hadrophallus bubalus @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Micrutalis calva @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Smilia fasciata @ NCSU (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercosporella celtidis @ BPI (2)

Didymella celtidis @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella maculiformis @ BPI (2)

Phloeospora celtidis @ BPI (3)

Ramularia celtidis @ BPI (5)

Septoria carpogena @ BPI (2)

Septoria gigaspora @ BPI (8)
Nabidae  Lasiomerus annulatus @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium celtidis @ BPI (1)

Fusarium lateritium @ BPI (1)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (1)

Nectria sanguinea @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia hamata @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Apateticus bracteatus @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora celtidis @ BPI (14)

Pseudoperonospora celtidis @ BPI (5)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Stagonospora celtidis @ BPI (5)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria antenniforme @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium antenniforme @ BPI (3); 445027B (1); 445027A (1)
Polyporaceae  Perenniporia robiniophila @ BPI (1)

Polyporus arcularius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus imberbis @ BPI (2)

Polyporus robiniophilus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)
Psathyrellaceae  Ozonium omnivorum @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Ferrisia claviseta @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Psyllidae  Pachypsylla celtidis-vescicula @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Pachypsylla celtidismamma @ UDCC_TCN (11); CSCA_TCN (2)
Tingidae  Corythucha celtidis @ NCSU (1); MEMU_ENT (6)
Valsaceae  Cytospora celtidis @ BPI (4)

Valsa celtidis @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon serpens @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia caespitosa @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella celtidis @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta @ BPI (1)

Bispora aterrima @ BPI (1)

Camarosporium celtidis @ BPI (3)

Cicinobolus major @ BPI (1)

Coelosphaeria fusariospora @ BPI (4)

Dendrophoma @ BPI (1)

Gyrocerus celtidis @ BPI (10)

Gyrocerus divergens @ BPI (5)

Sirosporium celtidis @ BPI (1)

Sporidesmium vogelianum @ BPI (6)

Torula incrustans @ BPI (1)

Valsaria insitiva @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   
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Following modified from Duke University
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEOC ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEOC
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEOC ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEOC
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEOC ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CEOC
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Celtis occidentalis L.
common hackberry

Image of Celtis occidentalis

General Information
Symbol: CEOC
Group: Dicot
Family: Ulmaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Celtis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

Herman, D.E., et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook . USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee . Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC) . United States, ND. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington, Rock Creek Cemetery. 1961. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.R. Mattoon. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, IN. 1929. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 629. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
CECA9 Celtis canina Raf.
CEOCC Celtis occidentalis L. var. canina (Raf.) Sarg. common hackberry
CEOCC4 Celtis occidentalis L. var. cordata Willd.
CEOCC3 Celtis occidentalis L. var. crassifolia (Lam.) A. Gray
CEOCO2 Celtis occidentalis L. var. occidentalis common hackberry

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Ulmaceae – Elm family
Genus Celtis L. – hackberry
Species Celtis occidentalis L. – common hackberry

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New Hampshire hackberry Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CEOC)
CalPhotos (CEOC)
Flora of North America (CEOC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CECA9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOCC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOCC3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOCO2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CEOC)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CEOC)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CEOC)
Native Plants Network (CEOC)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CEOC)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CEOC)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CEOC)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CEOC)
Related Websites
AR-University of Arkansas Horticulture (CEOC)
CA-SelecTree (CEOC)
CT-University of Connecticut Horticulture (CEOC)
FL-University of Florida Extenstion Service (CEOC)
Forestry Images (CEOC)
IL-Illinois State Museum (CEOC)
IL-Selecting Trees for your Home (CEOC)
IL-vPlants (CEOC)
KS-Kansas Forest Service (CEOC)
MO-Grow Native (CEOC)
NY-Cornell University Horticulture (CEOC)
OH-Plant Dictionary (Ohio State University) (CEOC)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CEOC)
OR-Oregon State University (CEOC)
TX-Texas Native Plants Database (CEOC)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (CEOC)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology Fact Sheet (CEOC)
WI-Trees of Wisconsin (CEOC)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Yarrow

Sources

Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ulmaceae | Celtis

3. Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1044. 1753.

Hackberry, micocoulier occidental, bois inconnu

Celtis occidentalis var. canina (Rafinesque) Sargent; C . occidentalis var. crassifolia (Lamarck) A. Gray; C . occidentalis var. pumila (Pursh) A. Gray; C . pumila Pursh; C . pumila var. deamii Sargent

Trees or shrubs , size varying greatly in response to habitat; crowns rounded. Bark gray, deeply furrowed, warty with age. Wood light yellow, weak. Branches without thorns, spreading, young branches mostly pubescent. Leaves: petiole 0.5-1.2 mm. Leaf blade lance-ovate to broadly ovate or deltate, 5-12 × 3-6(-9) cm (on fertile branches), leathery, base oblique or obliquely somewhat acuminate, margins conspicuously serrate to well below middle, teeth 10-40, apex acuminate; surfaces scabrous. Inflorescences dense pendulous clusters. Drupes dark orange to purple- or blue-black when ripe, orbicular, to 7-11(-20) mm diam., commonly with thick beak; pedicel to 15 mm. Stones cream colored, 7-9 × 5-8 mm, reticulate. 2 n = 20, 30, and 40.

Flowering late winter-spring (Mar-May). In rich moist soil along streams, on flood plains, on rock, on wooded hillsides, and in woodlands; 0-1800 m; Man., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

Celtis occidentalis is valued as an ornamental street tree because of its tolerance to drought.

Native Americans used decoctions prepared from the bark of Celtis occidentalis medicinally as an aid in menses and to treat sore throat (D. E. Moerman 1986).

This is a highly variable species. Segregates named as varieties follow an east-west geographic gradient and are based primarily on leaf size, shape, and pubescence.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Celtis+occidentalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Celtis+occidentalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 15
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Celtis occidentalis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
Hackberry
ID: 2222 0803 0005 0002 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1651 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0872 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1413 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1414 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1415 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 3223 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 3224 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 3225 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 3226 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 4120 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 4122 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 4123 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 1016 4124 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Celtis occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis
ID: 0000 0000 0417 0603 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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