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Chalybion zimmermanni Dahlbom, 1843
Chalybion zimmermanni peninsularum Bohart and Menke, 1963

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Sphecidae   Chalybion
Subgenus: None

Chalybion zimmermanni - face
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab; Photographer: Erika Tucker · 9
Chalybion zimmermanni - face

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Chalybion zimmermanni - thorax
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab; Photographer: Erika Tucker · 9
Chalybion zimmermanni - thorax
Chalybion zimmermanni - topview
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab; Photographer: Erika Tucker · 9
Chalybion zimmermanni - topview

Chalybion zimmermanni
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab; Photographer: Erika Tucker · 9
Chalybion zimmermanni
Chalybion zimmermanni, map
R. M. Bohart & A. S. Menke, 1963 · 1
Chalybion zimmermanni, map
Overview
Taken from: Bohart, R.M., Menke, A.S. 1963. A Reclassification of the Sphecinae: With a Revision of the Nearctic Species of the Tribes Sceliphronini and Sphecini.
Male—Average length 14 mm; erect hair of head mostly dark, that of thorax white; Wings uniformly dark brown; flagellomeres V-IX (sometimes IV also) with irregular fossulae; median tooth of clypeus much larger and longer than lateral teeth.
Female.—Average length 18 mm; erect hair of body black; clypeal teeth similar.

Kinds
Chalybion zimmermanni aztecum (Saussure) Pelopeus (sic) aztecus Saussure, 1867, Heise der Oat. Preg. Novara, Zool., 2:26. Lectotype ♂, Tampico, Mexico (GENEVA). Present designation.
Male—Differing from typical subspecies as follows: wings clear except at apex.
Female.—Average length 20 mm; similar to female of typical subspecies.
The type of aztecum has been seen by Bohart. Biology.—Rau (1940) found this subspecies in Sceliphron nests and also re-corded one wasp using the nest of Trypoxylon mexicanum Saussure. Ran (1942) reported males and females clustering on a piece of hanging rope for three successive days. Distribution.—This subspecies ranges from Mexico into Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas (fig. 7).

Chalybion zimmermanni peninsularum Bohart and Menke, new subspecies
Male—Differing from the typical subspecies as follows: erect hair of body black; wings uniformly brown.
Female.—Average length 16 mm; similar to female of typical subspecies. Types.—Holotype ♂, Todos Santos, Baja California, Aug.12, 1919, J. R. Slevin (GAS); 2 ♂and 3♀ paratypes, same data as holotype except 1 ♀: Oct. 10, 1941 (E. S. Ross and O. Bohart). All CAS. Distribution.—Known only from the type series; Baja California.


Names
Scientific source:

Chalybion zimmermanni zimmermanni Dahlbom Chalybion zimmermanni Dahlbom, 1843, Hymen. Europaea, 1:22. Holotype ♀, South Carolina (LUND). Pelopoeus texanus Cresson, 1872, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., 4:210. Holotype ♂, Dallas, Texas (ANSP).


Geographic distribution
Distribution—The range of this subspecies extends from South Carolina through the southern states to Arizona (fig. 7).

Natural history
Bohart has examined the type of zimmermanni. Also in the collection at Lund is a male labeled “N. Amerika, Zimmerman.” The authors have examined the type of texanus Cresson.

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Updated: 2018-08-17 15:49:12 gmt
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