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Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh
STRIPED PRINCES PINE
Striped Pipsissewa; Spotted Wintergreen

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Pyrolaceae   Chimaphila

Chimaphila maculata, spotted wintergreen, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Chimaphila maculata, spotted wintergreen, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

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Chimaphila maculata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Chimaphila maculata, whole plant - in fruit

Chimaphila maculata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Chimaphila maculata, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Chimaphila maculata, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Chimaphila maculata, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Chimaphila maculata, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Chimaphila maculata, stem - showing leaf bases
Chimaphila maculata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Chimaphila maculata

Chimaphila maculata
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Chimaphila maculata

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum pirolae @ BPI (4)

Pucciniastrum pyrolae @ BPI (6)

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Following modified from Deleware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh Spotted Wintergreen
Ericaceae — Heath family
Native
Chimaphila maculata
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
July 2005 Chimaphila maculata
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
June 2011 Chimaphila maculata Chimaphila maculata
Mill Race Trail, Newark
June 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/cmaculata.htm

Following modified from N.C. State University
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http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/wildflowers/chimaphila_maculata.html ---> https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/wildflowers/chimaphila_maculata.html
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/wildflowers/chimaphila_maculata.html

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHMA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHMA3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CHMA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHMA3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHMA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CHMA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh
striped prince's pine

Image of Chimaphila maculata

General Information
Symbol: CHMA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Pyrolaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Chimaphila thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Quantico, Prince William Forest Park. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 672. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CHMAD Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh var. dasystemma (Torr.) Kearney & Peebles

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Pyrolaceae – Shinleaf family
Genus Chimaphila Pursh – prince's pine
Species Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh – striped prince's pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois spotted wintergreen Endangered
Maine spotted wintergreen Endangered
New York spotted wintergreen Exploitably Vulnerable

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CHMA3)
CalPhotos (CHMA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHMA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CHMAD)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CHMA3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CHMA3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CHMA3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CHMA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 385 , 386 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Chimaphila

1. Chimaphila maculata (Linnaeus) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 300. 1813.

Striped prince's-plume, spotted wintergreen, chimaphile maculée

Pyrola maculata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 396. 1753; Chimaphila maculata var. dasystemma (Torrey ex Rydberg) Kearney & Peebles

Plants rhizomatous, 1-5.3 dm. Leaves: petiole 3-13 mm, terete or channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade maculate, dull and light green abaxially, shiny and green to dark green with white achlorophyllous tissue bordering larger veins adaxially, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate or ovate, 20-100 × 8-31 mm, base rounded to obtuse or acute, margins coarsely serrate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences (1-)2-5-flowered; peduncle 1(-2) per stem, 4-19 cm, papillose to hispidulous; inflorescence bracts acicular to linear-lanceolate, free portions shorter than pedicels from which they arise, 4-6 × 0.4-0.6 mm, membranous, margins entire. Pedicels (4-)8-25 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes spreading or reflexed in fruit, entirely greenish or margins whitish green, broadly ovate, 1.4-4.1 × 1.3-4.5 mm, margins erose-denticulate, apex rounded to obtuse; petals white or pink, often tinged violet, orbiculate, 6-12 × 4.5-8 mm, margins fimbriate to erose-denticulate; stamens 6-8 mm; filament base 1.2-1.6 mm wide, dilated basal portion densely villous; anthers 2-4 mm, thecae white to tan or pinkish, tubules tan to pinkish brown, 0.8-1.1 mm, abruptly narrowed from thecae, lateral walls not touching, pores 0.3-0.5 × 0.3-0.5 mm; ovary papillose in lines; style 0.5-1 mm; stigma 2-3.5 mm wide. Capsules depressed-globose, 5-10 × 5-10 mm. 2 n = 26.

Flowering May-Jul(-Aug). Coniferous, mixed, and deciduous forests, xeric sand communities; 0-900 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ariz., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.; Mexico; Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama); introduced in Europe (France).

Chimaphila maculata exhibits considerable morphologic variation, which does not appear to be correlated with geography.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chimaphila+maculata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chimaphila+maculata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Chimaphila maculata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Spotted Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0703 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Spotted Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0704 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Spotted Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0711 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Ptriped Prince's Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0316 1743 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Ptriped Prince's Pine
ID: 0000 0000 0316 1768 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3529 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3530 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3531 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3532 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3533 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3534 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3535 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3536 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3537 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3538 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3539 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3540 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3541 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3542 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3543 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Chimaphila maculata
Chimaphila maculata
Mottled Pipsissewa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3544 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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