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Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt.
BLACK BANEBERRY
Black Bugbane; Black Snakeroot; Fairy Candle; Black Cohosh; Actaea racemosa

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Cimicifuga

Cimicifuga racemosa, Black Cohosh
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black Cohosh

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Cimicifuga racemosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cimicifuga racemosa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Cimicifuga racemosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cimicifuga racemosa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Cimicifuga racemosa, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cimicifuga racemosa, stem - showing leaf bases

Cimicifuga racemosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Cimicifuga racemosa
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf arrangement
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf arrangement

Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, stem
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, stem
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf base upper
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf base upper
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf stem under
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf stem under

Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf tip under
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf tip under
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf tip upper
© Copyright Ariel Chester 2010 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa, Black cohosh, leaf tip upper
Cimicifuga racemosa
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa

Cimicifuga racemosa
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa
Cimicifuga racemosa
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Cimicifuga racemosa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella villosa @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia atrata @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Lachnum caulicolum @ BPI (1)

Lachnum nidulum @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria agnita @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria ogilviensis @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia clematidis @ BPI (8)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (2)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (22)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma actaeae @ BPI (5)

Leptostroma lineare @ BPI (1)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis carcinodes @ BPI (28)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium cimicifugatum @ BPI (3)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago carcinodes @ BPI (1)
_  Ectostroma afflatum @ BPI (2)

Leptothyrium vulgare @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Actaea racemosa L. ( Cimicifuga racemosa ) Black Cohosh
Ranunculaceae — Buttercup family
Native
Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa
Upper Pike Creek Road
July 2006

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACRA7 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACRA7
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACRA7 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ACRA7
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ACRA7 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ACRA7
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Actaea racemosa L.
black baneberry


General Information
Symbol: ACRA7
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Actaea L. – baneberry
Species Actaea racemosa L. – black baneberry

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Actaea racemosa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Actaea racemosa</i>
L. var. <i>
dissecta</i>
(A. Gray) J. Compton
Actaea racemosa var. dissecta
black baneberry Distribution of <i>
Actaea racemosa</i>
L. var. <i>
racemosa </i>
Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
black bugbane

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACRA7)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Cimicifuga

1. Cimicifuga racemosa (Linnaeus) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 15. 1818.

Black snakeroot, black cohosh

Actaea racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 504. 1753; A . monogyna Walter

Stems 75-250 cm, glabrous. Leaves: petiole angled or ± terete, 15-60 cm, usually not grooved abaxially, glabrous. Leaf blade 2-3-ternately compound; leaflets 20-70; terminal leaflet of central segment ovate to obovate, 3-lobed, 6-15 × 6-16.5 cm, with 3 prominent veins arising basally, base somewhat cuneate to somewhat cordate, margins dentate to deeply dentate-serrate or incised, apex acute to acuminate, surfaces glabrous, abaxially rarely pubescent on veins; other leaflets 4-12 × 3-8 cm. Inflorescences erect panicles of 4-9 wandlike, racemelike branches, 10-60 cm, distally pubescent; bracts 1, subtending pedicel, subulate, 3-4 mm; pedicel 4-10 mm, pubescent, bracteoles absent. Flowers: sepals 4, greenish white; petals (1-)4(-8), white, oblong, ca. 3 mm, clawed; nectary basal; stamens 55-110; filaments 5-10 mm; pistils 1(-2), sessile, ± pubescent; style short, thick; stigma 0.5 mm wide. Follicles 1, sessile, ovoid, ± laterally compressed, 5-10 mm, thick walled. Seeds brown, hemispheric, 3 mm, smooth or ± rough-ridged, without scales. 2 n = 16.

Flowering summer (Jun-Sep). Moist, mixed deciduous forests, wooded slopes, ravines, creek margins, thickets, moist meadowlands, forest margins, and especially mountainous terrain; 0-1500 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Mass., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Maine and Vermont specimens probably were planted originally.

Several varieties (A. Gray et al. 1878-1897, vol. 1(1,1), pp. 53-55) or forms (M. L. Fernald 1950) have been named. Specimens with extremely dissected leaves from Connecticut to Delaware and Virginia have been called Cimicifuga racemosa var. dissecta A. Gray, or C . racemosa forma dissecta (A. Gray) Fernald. Of the approximately 2500 specimens of C . racemosa examined, only twelve represent var. dissecta , and only two of those have flowers or fruits. Because of the limited knowledge concerning the dissected-leaf form, and because plants similar to those referred to by Gray and Fernald have not been collected in this century, the form is of uncertain taxonomic significance. Further study is needed.

Native Americans used infusions of plants of Cimicifuga racemosa medicinally to stimulate menstruation, to treat rheumatic pains, coughs and colds, constipation, and kidney trouble, to make babies sleep, and to promote milk flow in women (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2018-06-23 04:35:36 gmt
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