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Clematis virginiana L.
DEVILS DARNING NEEDLES
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Clematis

Clematis virginiana, Virgins Bower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Clematis virginiana, Virgins Bower

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Clematis virginiana, Virgins Bower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Clematis virginiana, Virgins Bower
Clematis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Clematis virginiana

Clematis virginiana
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, fruit - as borne on the plant

Clematis virginiana, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, leaf - on upper stem
Clematis virginiana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Clematis virginiana, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, whole plant - in fruit
Clematis virginiana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Clematis virginiana, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, fruit - as borne on the plant
Clematis virginiana, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, stem - showing leaf bases

Clematis virginiana, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, whole tree or vine - general
Clematis virginiana, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Clematis virginiana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Clematis virginiana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Clematis virginiana, leaf - whole upper surface

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus impatiens @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia thalictricola @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis clematidis @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes kincaidii @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hylaeus annulatus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium clematidis @ BPI (13)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (8)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (16)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum foxii @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Membracidae  Micrutalis dorsalis @ NCSU (3)
Miridae  Halticus intermedius @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora squalidula @ BPI (18)

Septoria clematidis @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia agropyri @ BPI (1)

Puccinia clematidis @ BPI (31)

Puccinia elymi @ BPI (2)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (16)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (53)

Puccinia triticina @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium clematidis @ BPI (4)
_  Ascochyta clematidina @ BPI (10)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Clematis virginiana L. Virginia Virgin-bower
Ranunculaceae — Buttercup family
Native
Clematis virginiana Clematis virginiana Clematis virginiana Clematis virginiana
Toothed leaflets distinguish this plant from the invasive alien Clematis terniflora . Tweed's Park
August 2012 Clematis virginiana
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
September 2005

Guide to Clematis of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Clematis virginiana L.

Clematis virginiana plant

Family - Ranunculaceae

Stems - Sprawling and climbing, sparse to moderately pubescent, herbaceous to woody, purplish, carinate, very long.

Leaves - Opposite, 3-5 foliate, petiolate. Leaflets lobed and/or coarse serrate, typically ovate to lanceolate, sparse pubescent to glabrous, sericeous below, +/-6cm long, +/-3cm broad. Petiolules to 1cm long or sometimes absent on upper pair of lateral leaflets. Petioles pubescent and purplish.

Clematis virginiana leaves

Inflorescence - Fairly dense axillary panicles. Each division of panicle subtended by pair of small foliaceous bracts. Peduncles and pedicels pubescent.

Flowers - Fragrant. Plants dioecious. Petals absent. Petaloid sepals 4, white, to 1.2cm long, +/-4mm broad, pubescent. Stamens erect to spreading, +/-25. Filaments to 8mm long, white, glabrous. Anthers pale yellow, 1.2mm long. Pistillate flowers with sterile stamens. Pistils many (6-10). Achenes sericeous, to -5mm long. Styles plumose, to +3cm long.

Clematis virginiana flowers

Flowering - July - September.

Habitat - Moist and low ground of woodlands, moist slopes, streambanks, fence rows.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is the only native pure white flowered Clematis in Missouri. The similar C. dioscoreifolia Levl. & Vanoit is native to Japan, has larger flowers, and has leaflets which are entire and typically unlobed.
The flower close-ups shown are of staminate flowers.

Photographs taken off Hwy 106, Shannon County, MO., 7-27-04.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI5
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CLVI5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI5
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLVI5
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Clematis virginiana L.
devil's darning needles

Image of Clematis virginiana

General Information
Symbol: CLVI5
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Vine
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Clematis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Great Falls. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 122. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CLVIM Clematis virginiana L. var. missouriensis (Rydb.) Palmer & Steyerm.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Clematis L. – leather flower
Species Clematis virginiana L. – devil's darning needles

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Clematis virginiana devil's darning needles virgin's bower This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CLVI5)
Flora of North America (CLVI5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CLVI5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CLVIM)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CLVI5)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CLVI5)
Native Plants Network (CLVI5)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CLVI5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CLVI5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CLVI5)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ranunculaceae | Clematis

9. Clematis virginiana Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. I. 15. 1755.

Virgin's-bower, clématite de Virginie

Clematis canadensis Miller; C. holosericea Pursh; C. missouriensis Rydberg; C. virginiana var. missouriensis (Rydberg) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark

Stems climbing, 2-7 m. Leaf blade 3-foliolate; leaflets ovate to lanceolate, 3.5-9 × 1.5-7.5 cm, margins coarsely toothed to entire; surfaces abaxially sparsely to densely pilose, adaxially glabrate. Inflorescences axillary, 3-many-flowered simple or compound cymes. Flowers unisexual; pedicel slender, 1-2 cm; sepals wide-spreading, not recurved, white to cream, elliptic or nearly oblong to oblanceolate, 6-14 mm, abaxially densely white-hairy, adaxially sparsely white-hairy; stamens ca. 30-50+; filaments glabrous; staminodes absent or fewer than stamens; pistils 40-70; beak nearly equaling sepals. Achenes ovate , 2.5-3.5 × l.5 mm, conspicously rimmed, sparsely short-hairy; beak 2.5-5 cm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering summer (Jun-Sep). Streamsides, wet roadsides, fencerows, and other moist, disturbed, wooded or open sites, locally abundant; 0-1500 m; Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Clematis virginiana is the most frequent and widespread virgin's-bower in eastern North America. It is easily distinguished from C. catesbyana by the presence of three ovate leaflets.

Native Americans used infusions prepared from the roots of Clematis virginiana medicinally to treat kidney ailments, and mixed them with milkweed to heal backaches and venereal sores. Decoctions of stems were ingested to induce strange dreams. In addition, the plant was used as an ingredient in green corn medicine (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Clematis+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Clematis+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 15
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Clematis virginiana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1627 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1628 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1629 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1724 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0228 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0229 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0230 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0231 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles
ID: 0000 1111 2222 0232 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1514 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1515 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1516 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1517 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower
ID: 0000 0000 1008 0231 [detail]
© 2008 Lane Davis

Clematis virginiana
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower
ID: 0000 0000 0710 2261 [detail]
© 2010 Jeff Abbas

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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