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Cocculus carolinus (L. ) DC.
CAROLINA CORALBEAD
Carolina snailseed

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Menispermaceae   Cocculus

Cocculus carolinus
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 6
Cocculus carolinus

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Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface

Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface

Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Cocculus carolinus, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general

Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles

Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - female
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - female
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general

Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cocculicola @ BPI (4)

Cercospora menispermi @ BPI (10)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium cocculi @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Menispermaceae | Cocculus

1. Cocculus carolinus (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 1: 524. 1818.

Red-berried moonseed, coral vine, margil, hierba de ojo

Menispermum carolinum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 340. 1753; Epibaterium carolinum (Linnaeus) Britton

Vines , to 5 m or more; rhizomes to 1.4 cm diam. Stems with spreading pubescence. Leaves: petiole to 10 cm. Leaf blade generally ovate or deltate, sometimes sagittate or hastate, to 17 × 14 cm, membranous to leathery, base sometimes with 3-5 lobes, margins usually entire, apex acuminate to rounded, then often retuse, mucronate; surfaces abaxially slightly pale, rarely glaucous, sparsely to densely pilose, adaxially glabrous to sparsely pilose; venation 5. Inflorescences to 22 cm; bracteoles often present; rachis glabrous or tomentose, not glaucous. Flowers: perianth parts not glaucous; sepals in 3 series, outer sepals 0-3, ovate, 0.3-1.4 × 0.2-0.8 mm, pilose, middle 3 sepals ovate to elliptic or obovate, 1-3 × 0.6-2 mm, glabrous to pilose, inner 3 sepals elliptic to nearly orbiculate or obovate, 0.8-3 × 0.8-2 mm, glabrous to sparsely pilose; petals (5-)6, yellow, elliptic, deltate, rhombic, obovate, or nearly orbiculate, 0.6-2 × 0.4-1.4 mm, glabrous. Staminate flowers: stamens (5-)6, to 2.2 mm; pistillodes to 0.5 mm. Pistillate flowers: staminodes to 0.8 mm; pistils to 2 mm. Drupes red, 5-8 mm diam. 2 n = 78.

Flowering late spring-early fall. Woodland and shrub borders, along streams, fencerows, waste places; 0-500 m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.; Mexico.

Cocculus carolinus was used by some Native American tribes medicinally to treat blood ailments (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC. - Carolina Moonseed

Cocculus carolinus plant

Family - Menispermaceae

Stems - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus stem

Leaves - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus leaves

Inflorescence - No info yet.

Flowers - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus flower Flower close-up.

Cocculus carolinus fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - July - August.

Habitat - Rocky open woods, limestone glades, thickets along streams and ponds, moist ground, fence rows, roadsides.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This popular species can be found mainly in the southern 1/3 of Missouri. The plant is easy to identify because of its hastate to pandurate leaves and big red fruits. The fruits have seeds which resemble a 3/4 moon.

Photographs taken along the shores of the Current River, Shannon County, MO., 7-24-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA

Following modified from Flora of North America
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Updated: 2017-11-23 08:43:07 gmt
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