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Cocculus carolinus (L. ) DC.
CAROLINA CORALBEAD
Carolina snailseed

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Menispermaceae   Cocculus

Cocculus carolinus
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 6
Cocculus carolinus

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Cocculus carolinus
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 4
Cocculus carolinus
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male

Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - male

Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles

Cocculus carolinus, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, leaf - whole upper surface

Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, twig - orientation of petioles
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - female
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, inflorescence - whole - female

Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, whole tree or vine - general
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cocculus carolinus, fruit - as borne on the plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cocculicola @ BPI (4)

Cercospora menispermi @ BPI (10)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium cocculi @ BPI (3)

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1. Cocculus carolinus (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 1: 524. 1818.

Red-berried moonseed, coral vine, margil, hierba de ojo

Menispermum carolinum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 340. 1753; Epibaterium carolinum (Linnaeus) Britton

Vines , to 5 m or more; rhizomes to 1.4 cm diam. Stems with spreading pubescence. Leaves: petiole to 10 cm. Leaf blade generally ovate or deltate, sometimes sagittate or hastate, to 17 × 14 cm, membranous to leathery, base sometimes with 3-5 lobes, margins usually entire, apex acuminate to rounded, then often retuse, mucronate; surfaces abaxially slightly pale, rarely glaucous, sparsely to densely pilose, adaxially glabrous to sparsely pilose; venation 5. Inflorescences to 22 cm; bracteoles often present; rachis glabrous or tomentose, not glaucous. Flowers: perianth parts not glaucous; sepals in 3 series, outer sepals 0-3, ovate, 0.3-1.4 × 0.2-0.8 mm, pilose, middle 3 sepals ovate to elliptic or obovate, 1-3 × 0.6-2 mm, glabrous to pilose, inner 3 sepals elliptic to nearly orbiculate or obovate, 0.8-3 × 0.8-2 mm, glabrous to sparsely pilose; petals (5-)6, yellow, elliptic, deltate, rhombic, obovate, or nearly orbiculate, 0.6-2 × 0.4-1.4 mm, glabrous. Staminate flowers: stamens (5-)6, to 2.2 mm; pistillodes to 0.5 mm. Pistillate flowers: staminodes to 0.8 mm; pistils to 2 mm. Drupes red, 5-8 mm diam. 2 n = 78.

Flowering late spring-early fall. Woodland and shrub borders, along streams, fencerows, waste places; 0-500 m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.; Mexico.

Cocculus carolinus was used by some Native American tribes medicinally to treat blood ailments (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.

Carolina Moonseed

Cocculus carolinus plant

Family - Menispermaceae

Stems - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus stem

Leaves - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus leaves

Inflorescence - No info yet.

Flowers - No info yet.

Cocculus carolinus flower Flower close-up.

Cocculus carolinus fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - July - August.

Habitat - Rocky open woods, limestone glades, thickets along streams and ponds, moist ground, fence rows, roadsides.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This popular species can be found mainly in the southern 1/3 of Missouri. The plant is easy to identify because of its hastate to pandurate leaves and big red fruits. The fruits have seeds which resemble a 3/4 moon.

Photographs taken along the shores of the Current River, Shannon County, MO., 7-24-04.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COCA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COCA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COCA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COCA
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Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.
Carolina coralbead

Image of Cocculus carolinus

General Information
Symbol: COCA
Group: Dicot
Family: Menispermaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Vine
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cocculus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, OK. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Bastrop Co., Bastrop. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Bastrop Co., Bastrop. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Travis Co., Austin, Mount Bonnell. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Travis Co., Austin, Mount Bonnell. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Travis Co., Austin, Mount Bonnell. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Travis Co., Austin, Mount Bonnell. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, TX, Travis Co., Austin, Mount Bonnell. September 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 131. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
EPCA5 Epibaterium carolinum (L.) Britton

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Menispermaceae – Moonseed family
Genus Cocculus DC. – coralbead
Species Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC. – Carolina coralbead

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Cocculus carolinus Carolina coralbead redberry moonseed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (COCA)
Flora of North America (COCA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COCA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (EPCA5)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (COCA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (COCA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COCA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (COCA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (COCA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee Moderate

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee

Sources

Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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