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Commelina virginica L.
VIRGINIA DAYFLOWER
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Commelinaceae   Commelina

Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower

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Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower
Commelina virginica, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Commelina virginica, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum commelinae @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora commelinae @ BPI (1)
Phakopsoraceae  Phakopsora tecta @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces commelinae @ BPI (6)

Uromyces spegazzinii @ BPI (1)
_  Uredo commelinae @ BPI (1)

Uredo ochracea @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Commelina virginica  L.

Day Flower

Commelina virginica plant

Family - Commelinaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Commelina virginica leaves

Commelina virginica sheath Sheath close-up.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Commelina virginica spathe Spathe.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Commelina virginica flowers

Flowering - July - September.

Habitat - Bottoms, streambanks, swamp margins, ditches.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This rhizomatous species is easy to identify in the field because of its reddish sheath pubescence, its flowers (which have three blue petals), and its rhizomes. The plant grows in the southern half of Missouri and is most common in the bootheel of the state.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-31-02.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COVI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COVI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COVI3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COVI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COVI3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Commelina virginica L.
Virginia dayflower

Image of Commelina virginica

General Information
Symbol: COVI3
Group: Monocot
Family: Commelinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
PR   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Commelina thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 459. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 458. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CODE10 Commelina deficiens Hook.
COLO6 Commelina longifolia Michx.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Commelinales
Family Commelinaceae – Spiderwort family
Genus Commelina L. – dayflower
Species Commelina virginica L. – Virginia dayflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Pennsylvania Virginia day-flower Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FACU
North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (COVI3)
Flora of North America (COVI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CODE10)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COLO6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COVI3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (COVI3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (COVI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Commelinaceae | Commelina

7. Commelina virginica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 61. 1762.

Herbs, perennial. Roots: rhizomes present. Stems erect to ascending, to 1 m. Leaves spirally arranged; leaf sheaths with red hairs at summit; blade lanceolate-elliptic to lanceolate-oblong, 6--20 ´ 1--5 cm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences: distal cyme vestigial, included (very rarely 1-flowered and exserted); spathes clustered, subsessile, funnelform, 1.5--3.5 ´ 1.2--2 cm, margins connate basally, glabrous (rarely puberulent). Flowers bisexual (rarely staminate); petals all pale blue, proximal one smaller; staminodes 3; antherodes entirely yellow, cruciform. Capsules 3-locular, 2-valved, (5.5--)6--9 ´ 3--6 mm. Seeds 5, brown, (2.4--)3--5(--6) ´ 2.4--3.1 mm, smooth with a few, shallow, irregular depressions, farinose. n = 30.

Flowering midsummer--fall. Wet places, especially swamps, river and stream banks, ditches, and bottomlands, shade or full sun; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Updated: 2018-06-25 14:51:28 gmt
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