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Corylus americana Walter
AMERICAN HAZELNUT
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Corylus

Corylus americana, Hazelnut
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Corylus americana, Hazelnut

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Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana
Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana

Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana
Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana

Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana
Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Corylus americana

Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Corylus americana
Corylus americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Corylus americana

Corylus americana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Corylus americana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface
Corylus americana, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, inflorescence - whole - male

Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface
Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Corylus americana, leaf - whole upper surface

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU (4)

Myzocallis ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta coryli @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Erasmoneura atra @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (1)

Eratoneura aculeata @ III (5)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (2)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (1)

Eratoneura arenosa @ III (5)

Eratoneura arta @ III (2)

Eratoneura ballista @ III (1)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (1)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (2)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (6)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (2)

Eratoneura certa @ III (1)

Eratoneura citrosa @ III (6)

Eratoneura clavipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (5)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (3)

Eratoneura corylorubra @ III (4)

Eratoneura curta @ NCSU (16)

Eratoneura dimidiata @ III (5); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura dira @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (15)

Eratoneura dumosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura eversi @ III (16); AMNH_IZC (1); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura flexibilis @ III (1)

Eratoneura forfex @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (1)

Eratoneura harpola @ III (1)

Eratoneura haysensis @ III (1)

Eratoneura immota @ III (1)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura lata @ NCSU (1); III (1)

Eratoneura lawsoni @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ III (1)

Eratoneura maculata @ III (1)

Eratoneura minor @ III (1)

Eratoneura mira @ III (1)

Eratoneura misera @ III (2)

Eratoneura nimia @ III (8)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (1)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura rangifer @ III (6); NCSU (1); AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura spala @ III (2)

Eratoneura stannardi @ III (1)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (2)

Eratoneura triangulata @ III (1)

Eratoneura uncinata @ III (13)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Eratoneura vittata @ III (1)

Erythridula aspera @ III (1)

Erythridula coarctata @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula funesta @ III (1)

Erythridula hamata @ III (1)

Erythridula haspata @ III (1)

Erythridula jocosa @ III (1)

Erythridula magnacalx @ III (1)

Erythridula modica @ III (1)

Erythridula nitida @ III (1)

Erythridula perita @ III (2)

Erythridula rugosae @ III (2)

Erythridula sinua @ III (2)

Erythridula tenebrosa @ III (1)

Erythridula tridens @ III (1)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythroneura aclys @ III (1)

Erythroneura beameri @ III (1)

Erythroneura bistrata @ III (1)

Erythroneura browni @ III (1)

Erythroneura calycula @ III (2)

Erythroneura elegans @ III (1)

Erythroneura festiva @ III (1)

Erythroneura nudata @ III (2)

Erythroneura octonotata @ III (1)

Erythroneura tricincta @ III (1)

Erythroneura ziczac @ III (1)

Graphocephala constricta @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Graphocephala teliformis @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Graphocephala versuta @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hymetta balteata @ III (1)

Penthimia americana @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Typhlocyba @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Clastopteridae  Clastoptera obtusa @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Clastoptera testacea @ MEMU_ENT (15)
Coreidae  Leptoglossus oppositus @ NCSU (1)
Derbidae  Anotia uhleri @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Otiocerus balli @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Otiocerus coquebertii @ NCSU (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium vermiforme @ BPI (4)

Gloeosporium coryli @ BPI (8)

Gloeosporium profusum @ BPI (2)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype anomala @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella frostii @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (4)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (24)

Phyllactinia corylea @ 606352B (1); 606352A (1); BPI (15)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (11)
Gnomoniaceae  Anisogramma anomala @ BPI (5)

Cryptosporella anomala @ BPI (6)

Gnomoniella coryli @ 596353B (1); 596353A (1); BPI (20)

Gnomoniella gnomon @ BPI (2)

Mamiania coryli @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium furfuraceum @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete cinnamomea @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)
Massariaceae  Massaria plumigera @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Hyaliodes harti @ NCSU (1)

Hyaliodes vitripennis @ NCSU (9)

Neolygus hirticulus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Paraproba capitata @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus longirostris @ NCSU_ENT (20)

Reuteria fuscicornis @ NCSU_ENT (5)

Rhinocapsus vanduzeei @ NCSU_ENT (5)

Texocoris nigrellus @ NCSU_ENT (4)

Tupiocoris rhododendri @ NCSU (10)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria corylina @ BPI (6)
Nabidae  Lasiomerus constrictus @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Sinea spinipes @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (4)
Sebacinaceae  Sebacina incrustans @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum roseocarneum @ BPI (1)

Stereum versiforme @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina coryli @ BPI (24)
Tingidae  Corythucha coryli @ NCSU (54)
Tricholomataceae  Trogia crispa @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Apioporthe anomala @ BPI (2)

Cryptospora anomala @ BPI (1)

Cytospora phlyctaenoides @ BPI (1)

Sillia ferruginea @ BPI (1)

Valsa ambiens @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (7)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)
_  Anguillospora coryli @ BPI (1)

Catinula turgida @ BPI (3)

Cercoseptoria vermiformis @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium @ BPI (1)

Periconia byssoides @ BPI (1)

Sarcinella heterospora @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum profusum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Duke University
   Top | See original

http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/coam3.html ---> https://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/coam3.html
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from UCONN
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Corylus americana Walt. American Hazelnut
Betulaceae — Birch family
Native
Corylus americana
Long catkins of male flowers
Corylus americana
One of the small female flowers Mill Creek Road
March 2010

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COAM3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COAM3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=COAM3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COAM3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COAM3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COAM3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Corylus americana Walter
American hazelnut

Image of Corylus americana

General Information
Symbol: COAM3
Group: Dicot
Family: Betulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Corylus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Takoma Park. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 607. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
COAMI Corylus americana Walter var. indehiscens Palmer & Steyerm.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae – Birch family
Genus Corylus L. – hazelnut
Species Corylus americana Walter – American hazelnut

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (COAM3)
Flora of North America (COAM3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COAM3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COAMI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (COAM3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (COAM3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COAM3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COAM3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (COAM3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (COAM3)
Related Websites
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (COAM3)
IA-UI Plants (COAM3)
Natural History of the North Woods (COAM3)
OR-Oregon State University Landscape Plants (COAM3)
UK-Plants For A Future (COAM3)
USDI FWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program (COAM3)
VA-Trees (COAM3)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (COAM3)
WI-Shrubs of Wisconsin (Univ. of Wisconsin Green Bay Herbarium) (COAM3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Corylus

1. Corylus americana Walter, Fl. Carol. 236. 1788.

American hazel or hazelnut, noisetier d'Amérique

Corylus americana var. altior Farwell; C . americana var. indehiscens E. J. Palmer & Steyermark; C . americana var. missouriensis A. de Candolle

Shrubs , open, upright, rounded, to 3(--5) m. Bark light gray, smooth. Branches ascending; twigs pubescent, covered with bristly glandular hairs. Winter buds containing inflorescences broadly ovoid, 3--4 × 3--4 mm, apex obtuse to rounded. Leaves: petiole pubescent, densely glandular-bristly. Leaf blade broadly ovate, often with straight sides and slight lobes near apex, giving them squarish appearance, 5--16 × 4--12 cm, moderately thin, base narrowly cordate to narrowly rounded, margins sharply serrate or obscurely doubly serrate, apex abruptly to long-acuminate; surfaces abaxially sparsely to moderately pubescent, velutinous to tomentose along major veins and in vein axils. Inflorescences: staminate catkins lateral along branchlets on very short shoots, usually in clusters of 1--2, 4--8 × 0.5--0.8 cm; peduncles mostly 1--5 mm. Nuts in clusters of 2--5, sometimes partially visible; bracts much enlarged, leaflike, distinct nearly to base, slightly longer than to 2 times length of nuts, apex deeply and irregularly laciniate; bract surfaces downy-pubescent, abaxially stipitate-glandular. 2 n = 22, 28.

Flowering very early spring. Moist to dry open woods and thickets, hillsides, roadsides, fencerows, and waste places; 0--750 m; Man., Ont., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., La., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Corylus americana is a weedy species, sometimes considered a pest in carefully managed forests. The nuts are smaller but of the same general quality and flavor as commercial filberts ( Corylus maxima Miller and C . colurna Linnaeus).

Native Americans used Corylus americana medicinally for hives, biliousness, diarrhea, cramps, hay fever, childbirth, hemorrhages, prenatal strength, and teething, to induce vomiting, and to heal cuts (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Corylus+americana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Corylus+americana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Corylus americana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1672 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2518 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2519 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2520 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2521 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2522 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2523 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2524 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2525 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2526 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2527 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2528 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2529 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2530 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2531 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2532 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2533 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2534 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Corylus americana
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2535 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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