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Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.
MEXICAN ASTER
Garden cosmos

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cosmos

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Cosmos bipinnatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cosmos bipinnatus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus vosnesenskii @ I_LKD (2)

Ceratina sequoiae @ BBSL (3)
Dermateaceae  Phlyctema @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis stewartii @ 359059A (1); 359059B (1); BPI (2)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma cosmi @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (5)

Oidium @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile fidelis @ BBSL (2)

Megachile rotundata @ BBSL (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cosmi @ BPI (1)
Nymphalidae  Vanessa cardui @ I_LKD (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=4&page=919

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. Garden Cosmos
Asteraceae — Aster family
Non-native
Cosmos bipinnatus
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
July 1997

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.

Cosmos bipinnatus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Cosmos bipinnatus stem Stem.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Involucre - No info. yet.

Cosmos bipinnatus involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - No info. yet.

Disk flowers - No info. yet.

Cosmos bipinnatus flowers

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Commonly cultivated and escaped to roadsides and waste ground.

Origin - Native to Mexico and the southwestern U.S.

Other info. - This striking species can be found escaped in just a few counties of Missouri. The ray flowers range in color from white to deep purple. The most common color is pink. The plant can be aggressive and weedy if left unchecked and it should not be willingly spread in the wild.

Photographs taken off Highway 70 near Kingston, NC., 9-29-02.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Asterales  
 Family Asteraceae  
 Genus Cosmos  
  Cosmos bipinnatus    Cav., 1791 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Bidens formosa Bidens lindleyi Coreopsis formosa Cosmea bipinnata Cosmea tenifolia Cosmea tenuifolia Cosmos bipinnatus albiflorus Cosmos bipinnatus bipinnatus Cosmos bipinnatus exaristatus Cosmos bipinnatus typicus Cosmos formosa details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 919, 1998; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005
Name Code: 202445
   Alien     
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http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COBI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=COBI2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.
garden cosmos

Image of Cosmos bipinnatus

General Information
Symbol: COBI2
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
PB   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cosmos thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Mexico, Mexico City, near Pueblo. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Mexico, Mexico City, near Pueblo. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . Switzerland, Geneva. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Cosmos Cav. – cosmos
Species Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. – garden cosmos

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Cosmos bipinnatus cosmos This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (COBI2)
CalPhotos (COBI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (COBI2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (COBI2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (COBI2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (COBI2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (COBI2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 203, 204 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Cosmos

1. Cosmos bipinnatus Cavanilles, Icon. 1: 10, plate 14. 1791.

Plants 30—200 cm, glabrous or sparsely puberulent, sometimes scabridulous. Leaves: petioles 0 or to 1 cm; blades 6—11 cm, ultimate lobes to 1.5 mm wide, margins entire, apices acute (indurate). Peduncles 10—20 cm. Calyculi of spreading, linear to lanceolate bractlets 6—13 mm, apices acuminate. Involucres 7—15 mm diam. Phyllaries erect, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 7—13 mm, apices round or obtuse. Ray corollas white, pink, or purplish, laminae obovate to oblanceolate, 15—50 mm, apices ± truncate, dentate. Disc corollas 5—7 mm. Cypselae 7—16 mm, glabrous, papillose; pappi 0, or of 2—3 ascending to erect awns 1—3 mm. 2 n = 24.

Flowering summer—fall. Disturbed sites, roadsides; 0—1000 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico; introduced in West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia.

Cosmos bipinnatus is native to Mexico and the southwestern United States. A garden favorite, it has escaped and naturalized widely elsewhere in the flora area (and in warm climates almost worldwide), and it has been seeded along roadsides by some highway departments. Many cultivated races and hybrids differ considerably from the wild type described above, varying widely in stature and in coloration of both ray and disc corollas. Some plants in cultivation lack pappi; they are referable to var. exaristatus de Candolle, not treated formally here.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Bate Smith, E. C. 1980. Astringent tannins of Cosmos bipinnatus . Phytochemistry 19: 982. Pillai, A., S. K. Pillai, and O. Jacob. 1975. Embryogeny, histogenesis and apical meristems of Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. Acta Bot. Indica 3: 68—78.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cosmos+bipinnatus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cosmos+bipinnatus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 35
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cosmos bipinnatus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0742 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0314 [detail]
© 2001 James B. Gratiot

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0315 [detail]
© 2001 James B. Gratiot

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0743 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0741 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0340 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0623 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0626 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0629 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0339 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0669 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Gaden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0673 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0674 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0675 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0677 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0678 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Gaden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0679 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0680 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0681 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0682 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0568 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0569 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0570 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Cosmos bipinnatus
Cosmos bipinnatus
Garden Cosmos
ID: 0000 0000 0911 2593 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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