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Cyperus esculentus L.
YELLOW NUTSEDGE
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Cyperaceae   Cyperus

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Cyperus esculentus, habitat
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Cyperus esculentus, habitat
Cyperus esculentus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Cyperus esculentus

Cyperus esculentus
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Cyperus esculentus

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cydnidae  Cyrtomenus ciliatus @ MEMU_ENT (10)
Delphacidae  Stenocranus ( @ UDCC_NRI (4); UDCC_TCN (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora cyperi @ BPI (2)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium oryzae @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Chorizococcus rostellum @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Phenacoccus solani @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Rhizoecus cacticans @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia canaliculata @ 052596B (1); BPI (65)

Puccinia cyperi @ BPI (3)

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cyperus esculentus L.
yellow nutsedge

Image of Cyperus esculentus

General Information
Symbol: CYES
Group: Monocot
Family: Cyperaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I,N
PR   I
VI   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cyperus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©John W. Everest. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 304. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family
Genus Cyperus L. – flatsedge
Species Cyperus esculentus L. – yellow nutsedge

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Cyperus esculentus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Cyperus esculentus</i>
L. var. <i>
esculentus</i>
L. [excluded]
Cyperus esculentus var. esculentus
yellow nutsedge Distribution of <i>
Cyperus esculentus</i>
L. var. <i>
hermannii</i>
(Buckley) Britton
Cyperus esculentus var. hermannii
yellow nutsedge Distribution of <i>
Cyperus esculentus</i>
L. var. <i>
leptostachyus</i>
Boeckeler
Cyperus esculentus var. leptostachyus
yellow nutsedge Distribution of <i>
Cyperus esculentus</i>
L. var. <i>
macrostachyus</i>
Boeckeler
Cyperus esculentus var. macrostachyus
yellow nutsedge Distribution of <i>
Cyperus esculentus</i>
L. var. <i>
sativus</i>
Boeckeler
Cyperus esculentus var. sativus
yellow nutsedge

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
California yellow nutsedge B list (noxious weeds)
Colorado yellow nutsedge B list (noxious weeds)
Hawaii yellow nutsedge Noxious weed
Oregon yellow nutsedge "B" designated weed yellow nutsedge Quarantine
Washington yellow nutsedge Class B noxious weed yellow nutsedge Quarantine
U.S. Weed Information
Cyperus esculentus yellow nutgrass yellow nutsedge This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FACW
Hawaii FACW
North America
Alaska FACW
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CYES)
CalPhotos (CYES)
Flora of North America (CYES)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CYES)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CYES)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CYES)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CYES)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CYES)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CYES)
Related Websites
Alternatives for Nutsedge Management (CYES)
Arizona: abstract & image of yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) (CYES)
British Columbia Ag. & Food, Crop Protection Program (CYES)
Canada-Manitoba Weeds (CYES)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (CYES)
Virginia Tech: abstract & image (CYES)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Low Low Low
Yarrow Low Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller
Yarrow

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cyperus+esculentus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cyperus+esculentus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 23
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cyperus esculentus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
Chufa Flatsedge
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0054 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0404 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0411 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0413 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
Chufa Flatsedge
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0055 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
Chufa Flatsedge
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0056 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutgrass
ID: 8120 3181 4574 0044 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
Chufa Flatsedge
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0057 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0408 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0412 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0414 [detail]
© 2003 Steve Matson

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1746 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1747 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1748 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1631 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1632 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 1009 1068 [detail]
© 2009 Vince Scheidt

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0714 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0916 0436 [detail]
© 2016 Ron Vanderhoff

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0916 0437 [detail]
© 2016 Ron Vanderhoff

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0717 1296 [detail]
© 2017 Ron Vanderhoff

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0717 1297 [detail]
© 2017 Ron Vanderhoff

Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus esculentus
ID: 0000 0000 0717 1298 [detail]
© 2017 Ron Vanderhoff

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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