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Dasyatidae
STINGRAYS
Whiptail stingrays

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Himantura pacifica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Himantura pacifica
Himantura pacifica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Himantura pacifica

Himantura pacifica
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Himantura pacifica
Dasyatis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Dasyatis

Dasyatis longa
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Dasyatis longa
Dasyatis longa
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Dasyatis longa

Himantura
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Himantura
Dasyatis dipterura
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Dasyatis dipterura

Dasyatis longa
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Dasyatis longa
Dasyatis longa
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Dasyatis longa

Dasyatis dipterura
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Dasyatis dipterura
Taeniura
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Taeniura

Taeniura meyeni
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Taeniura meyeni
Pteroplatytrygon violacea
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Pteroplatytrygon violacea

Dasyatidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Dasyatidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • disc: flat, angular/round, width less than length
  • no ds
  • tail: greater than disc, + spine(s), no c
  • pelvic simple
FAMILY DASYATIDAE

WHIPTAIL STINGRAYS

These rays are characterised by an angular to rounded disc, the width of which is not more than 1.3 times its length; the head is not separated or distinguishable from the rest of the disc; the floor of the mouth has fleshy papillae the jaws have small blunt or pointed teeth in many series, forming bands; dorsal and tail fins are absent, but some species have longitudinal skin folds on the upper and lower surface of the end of the tail; the tail is moderately slender to very slender and whip-like, longer (considerably so in some species) than the disc and usually with one or more large, serrate, venomous spines on its upper surface; the skin on the upper body stingrays surface is smooth or armed with tubercles, thorns or dermal denticles.

Stingrays occur in all tropical and subtropical seas; about 6 genera and 70 species are known. Five species in four genera occur in our region. Most species are found in coastal waters, in estuaries, off beaches and river mouths, and on flat "trawl ground" bottoms on sand or mud. Relatively few species occur in the vicinity of coral reefs. Several are also known from freshwater habitats. The tail spine is extremely dangerous and capable of delivering an excruciating wound. Human fatalities have been reported. If a ray is stepped on, it has the ability to thrust its tail upward and forward, impaling the victim with remarkable speed. Stingrays feed on a variety of sand and mud-dwelling organisms, including crabs, shrimps, worms, molluscs, and fishes. They are livebearers, the young resembling miniature adults.


References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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