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Datura stramonium L.
CRANKY FLOWER
Cemetary Flower; Common Thornapple; Common Thorn-apple; False Castor Oil; Stramonium; Mad Apple; Thorn Apple; Datura tatula L; Datura inermis Jacq; Jimsonweed

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae   Datura

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Datura stramonium
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, whole plant - in flower - general view

Datura stramonium, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, whole plant - in flower - general view
Datura stramonium, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Datura stramonium, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, fruit - juvenile
Datura stramonium, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, leaf - on upper stem

Datura stramonium, fruit - section or open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, fruit - section or open
Datura stramonium, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Datura stramonium, stem - showing leaf bases

Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium

Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium

Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Datura stramonium

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma herbarum @ BPI (1)
Aleyrodidae  Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Trialeurodes @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (7)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (5)
Apidae  Melissodes bimaculata @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Dothiorella stramonii @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta hortorum @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Chaetomiaceae  Thielavia basicola @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (4)
Dermateaceae  Phlyctema arcuata @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis venenosa @ BPI (2)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum oceanicum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora crassa @ BPI (1)

Cercospora daturae @ BPI (2)

Cercospora daturicola @ BPI (1)

Cercospora jamaicensis @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria crassa @ BPI (9)

Alternaria daturae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria fasciculata @ BPI (1)

Alternaria solani @ BPI (20)

Alternaria tenuissima @ BPI (1)

Epicoccum @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium commune @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium solani @ BPI (3)

Macrosporium sparsum @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium daturae @ BPI (3)
Valsaceae  Diplodina atriseda @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta daturae @ BPI (3)

Sporidesmium fuscum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Datura stramonium L. Jimsonweed
Solanaceae — Nightshade family
Native
Datura stramonium Datura stramonium
Tweed's Park
July 2008 Datura stramonium
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
January 2008 Datura stramonium Datura stramonium
Cedar Swamp Wildlife Area
July 2015

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Datura stramonium  L.

Jimson Weed

Datura stramonium plant

Family - Solanaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Datura stramonium stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Datura stramonium leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Datura stramonium calyx Calyx.

Datura stramonium flower

Datura stramonium flower

Datura stramonium stamens Stamens and style.

Datura stramonium fruit Fruit.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Pastures, barnyards, fields, waste ground, cultivated areas, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to tropical America.

Other info. - This toxic species can be found scattered throughout most of Missouri. It is easily identified by its glabrous, purple stems, toothed leaves, and spiked fruits.
Datura stramonium is packed with tropane alkaloids. These alkaloids are autonomic nervous system blocking agents. Apparently, the level of alkaloids in individual plants varies from day to day depending on environmental conditions and stages of plant development. This can lead to problems for people who use the plant as a narcotic as higher levels of these alkaloids can cause death instead of the intended "trip."
To learn more about these alkaloids and the toxicity of Datura check out " Medical Botany: PLants Affecting Man's Health " by Lewis & Lewis.

Photographs taken along Logan Creek, Ellington, MO., 8-1-04, and off Missouri Bottom Rd, St. Louis, MO., 8-7-05.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAST ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAST
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAST ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAST
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Datura stramonium L.
jimsonweed

Image of Datura stramonium

General Information
Symbol: DAST
Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Datura thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, WA, Seattle. Usage Requirements .

J.E. Broaddus. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, UT. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 169. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
DASTT Datura stramonium L. var. tatula (L.) Torr.
DATA Datura tatula L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae – Potato family
Genus Datura L. – jimsonweed
Species Datura stramonium L. – jimsonweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut jimsonweed Potentially invasive, banned
Pennsylvania jimsonweed Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Datura stramonium Jamestown weed jimsonweed mad apple moonflower stinkwort thorn apple This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DAST)
CalPhotos (DAST)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DAST)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DASTT)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DATA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (DAST)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DAST)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (DAST)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DAST)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (DAST)
Related Websites
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (DAST)
Virginia Tech: abstract & image (DAST)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium+var.+tatula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium+var.+tatula&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Datura stramonium var. tatula%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Datura stramonium var. tatula
Datura stramonium var. tatula
Jimson Weed
ID: 8266 3261 1073 0020 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Datura stramonium var. tatula
Datura stramonium var. tatula
Jamestown Weed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0555 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 73
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Datura stramonium%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson-weed/thorn Apple
ID: 8253 3202 3491 0045 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson Weed
ID: 5210 1612 2774 0081 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson Weed
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0067 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson Weed
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0068 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson Weed
ID: 0175 3301 2283 0069 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimson Weed
ID: 5210 1612 2774 0082 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Thorn Apple
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0062 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Thorn Apple
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0063 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Thorn Apple
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0064 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0553 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0554 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0556 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0557 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0558 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0559 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0560 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0561 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0562 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0563 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jimsonweed
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0564 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Thorn Apple
ID: 0000 0000 0905 1059 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Thorn Apple
ID: 0000 0000 0905 1060 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jamestown Weed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0969 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium
Jamestown Weed
ID: 0000 0000 1005 0975 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium+var.+stramonium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Datura+stramonium+var.+stramonium&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 13
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Datura stramonium var. stramonium%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0699 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0700 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0701 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0702 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0703 [detail]
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1817 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1816 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1815 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1814 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1818 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1819 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1820 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Datura stramonium var. stramonium
Jimson Weed, Thornapple
ID: 0000 0000 0216 1821 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-06-22 07:51:38 gmt
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