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Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacMill. ex B.L. Rob. & Fernald
ILLINOIS BUNDLEFLOWER
Prairie Bundleflower; Prairie mimosa

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Desmanthus

Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in fruit

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Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - juvenile
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Desmanthus illinoensis, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, stem - showing leaf bases

Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - as borne on the plant

Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in flower - general view
Desmanthus illinoensis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Desmanthus illinoensis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, fruit - juvenile

Desmanthus illinoensis, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, stem - showing leaf bases
Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Desmanthus illinoensis, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Coccinellidae  Cycloneda munda @ I_LB (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe phaseolorum @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum illinoense @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Miridae  Criocoris saliens @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora desmanthi @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacM. - Prairie Mimosa

Desmanthus illinoensis plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - To +/-1.5m tall, multiple from base, erect, fistulose, herbaceous, much branched, striate-nerved, glabrous or with a few sparse hairs on ridges above, green when young, becoming dark brown with age (mostly at the base).

Desmanthus illinoensis stem

Leaves - Alternate, bipinnately compound, stipulate, to 10cm long, 6-7cm broad. Stipules filiform, 5mm long. Typically 6-15 pinnae per leaf, with even number of leaflets on pinna. Small glands often at base of pinnae. Leaflets 3.5mm long, 1.5mm broad, oblique at base, linear-oblong, rounded at apex, glabrous, with strigillose margins.

Desmanthus illinoensis leaf

Inflorescence - Axillary globose pedunculate cluster of many flowers. Peduncle to +/-4cm in flower, elongating in fruit, antrorse strigose.

Flowers - Petals 5, white, to 2mm long, glabrous. Calyx tube white, 1.1mm long, 5-lobed, glabrous. Lobes 1.1mm long, glabrous, acute. Stamens 5, white, glabrous, 5mm long, well exserted. Anthers yellow, .2-.3mm in diameter. Ovary 1mm long, greenish-white, glabrous. Style 4mm long, white, glabrous, well exserted. Fruits clusters of compressed, sickle-shaped (falcate) pod to +/-2cm long, 4-5mm broad, green when fresh, becoming dark brown at maturity, with +/-6 seeds.

Desmanthus illinoensis flowers

Desmanthus illinoensis fruits Immature fruits.

Flowering - June - August.

Habitat - Roadsides, railroads, open slopes, pastures, prairies.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout much of Missouri but seems to be absent from the northeast corner of the state as well as the central Ozark region. The plant can be identified by its small, globose clusters of many flowers and its bipinnate leaves.
If you live in extreme Southwestern Missouri you might mistake this plant for Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Ktze. , except for that the latter has many more stamens per flower giving the flowers clusters a much more dense look. A. angustissima also has very dark reddish-brown, woody stems and no glands on the leaf petioles.
Desmanthus is nutritionally very important, being high in protein and fatty acids.

Photographs taken off Interstate 24 near Nashville, TN., 8-3-05.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DEIL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DEIL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DEIL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DEIL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DEIL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DEIL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacMill. ex B.L. Rob. & Fernald
Illinois bundleflower

Image of Desmanthus illinoensis

General Information
Symbol: DEIL
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
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    green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
    image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
    Native Status:
    lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

    Images

    click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Desmanthus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

    ©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

    ©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

    Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MS. Usage Requirements .

    Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

    Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

    Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

    Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

    ©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Lewisville. Usage Requirements .

    ©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, TX, Lewisville. Usage Requirements .

    Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 332. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

    slideshow

    Synonyms

    Symbol Scientific Name
    ACIL2 Acuan illinoense (Michx.) Kuntze
    MIIL Mimosa illinoensis Michx.

    Classification

    Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
    Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
    Kingdom Plantae – Plants
    Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
    Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
    Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
    Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
    Subclass Rosidae
    Order Fabales
    Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
    Genus Desmanthus Willd. – bundleflower
    Species Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) MacMill. ex B.L. Rob. & Fernald – Illinois bundleflower

    Subordinate Taxa

    This plant has no children

    Legal Status

    U.S. Weed Information
    Desmanthus illinoensis prairie bundleflower This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
    SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

    Wetland Status

    Interpreting Wetland Status

    North America
    Arid West FACU
    Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
    Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
    Great Plains FACU
    Midwest FACU
    Northcentral & Northeast FACU
    Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

    Related Links

    More Accounts and Images
    ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DEIL)
    Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ACIL2)
    Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DEIL)
    Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MIIL)
    Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DEIL)
    Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (DEIL)
    Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DEIL)
    Native Plants Network (DEIL)
    USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (DEIL)
    University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DEIL)
    University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (DEIL)

    Wildlife

    Food

    Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

    Cover

    Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

    Description of Values

    Value Class Food Cover


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    Following modified from CalPhotos
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    http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Desmanthus+illinoensis+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Desmanthus+illinoensis+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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    Number of matches : 10
    Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Desmanthus illinoensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

    Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4076 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4077 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4078 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4079 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4080 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4081 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4082 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4083 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4084 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Desmanthus illinoensis
    Illinois Bundleflower
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4085 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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