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Diphylleia cymosa Michx.
AMERICAN UMBRELLALEAF
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Berberidaceae   Diphylleia

Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa

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Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa
Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa

Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa
Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa

Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Diphylleia cymosa
Diphylleia cymosa
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Diphylleia cymosa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta podophylli @ BPI (1)

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Diphylleia cymosa Michx.
American umbrellaleaf

Image of Diphylleia cymosa

General Information
Symbol: DICY2
Group: Dicot
Family: Berberidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Haywood Co., Mountains-to-Sea Trail northeast of Grassy Ridge Mine Overlook at Blue Ridge Parkway mile marker 437. May 28, 2013. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Haywood Co., Mountains-to-Sea Trail northeast of Grassy Ridge Mine Overlook at Blue Ridge Parkway mile marker 437. May 28, 2013. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Haywood Co., Mountains-to-Sea Trail northeast of Grassy Ridge Mine Overlook at Blue Ridge Parkway mile marker 437. May 28, 2013. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Haywood Co., Mountains-to-Sea Trail northeast of Grassy Ridge Mine Overlook at Blue Ridge Parkway mile marker 437. May 28, 2013. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Haywood Co., Mountains-to-Sea Trail northeast of Grassy Ridge Mine Overlook at Blue Ridge Parkway mile marker 437. May 28, 2013. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 129. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Genus Diphylleia Michx. – umbrellaleaf
Species Diphylleia cymosa Michx. – American umbrellaleaf

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DICY2)
Flora of North America (DICY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DICY2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (DICY2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DICY2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DICY2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae | Diphylleia

1. Diphylleia cymosa Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 203. 1803.

Umbrella-leaf

Leaves of nonflowering shoots 2.5-9 dm. Leaf blades 13-53 cm diam. Flowering shoots 6-12 dm; leaves alternate, unequal in size; proximal leaf petioles 10-18 cm, blades 17-46 × 23-56 cm; distal leaf petioles 3-15 cm, blades 10-38 × 15-51 cm. Leaf blade divided at apex and base into 2 parts, each part 5-9-lobed, lobes broadly acuminate, abaxially sparsely pubescent with unicellular hairs. Inflorescences cymose, glabrous; peduncle 0.2-4 cm; pedicel 0.7-3.5 cm; peduncle and pedicel turning red at fruit maturity. Flowers 7-70 (or more); outer sepals 1.7-4.5 × 0.4 mm; inner sepals 2.5-6 × 3.5-4 mm; outer petals narrowly obovate, 9-11 × 4.5-6 mm; inner petals elliptic to obovate, 10-13×6-7 mm; stamens 3-4 mm; filaments 1-2 mm; anthers 2 × 1 mm; ovaries ellipsoid, 3-5 × 1.5-2.5 mm; stigma 0.5-1 mm. Berries 6-13 × 4-11 mm. Seeds 2-4, 4-7 × 2-5 mm, abaxially rounded, adaxially flattened to concave. 2 n = 12.

Flowering late spring, fruiting summer. Forming dense colonies on moist slopes in mixed deciduous forests, in seepages, or along streams; 800-1700 m; Ga., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va.

Diphylleia cymosa is endemic to the Blue Ridge Mountains of the southern Appalachians. It is occasionally grown in woodland gardens.

Cherokee Indians are reported to have used D . cymosa to treat a variety of ailments and as a disinfectant (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Updated: 2018-07-17 19:38:21 gmt
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