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Dodecatheon meadia L.
PRIDE OF OHIO
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Primulaceae   Dodecatheon

Dodecatheon meadia, Pride of Ohio, flowers
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 10
Dodecatheon meadia, Pride of Ohio, flowers

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Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star

Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Dodecatheon meadia, shooting star

Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view
Dodecatheon meadia, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, stem - showing leaf bases

Dodecatheon meadia, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Dodecatheon meadia, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Dodecatheon meadia, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, fruit - juvenile
Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view

Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dodecatheon meadia, whole plant - in flower - general view
Dodecatheon meadia
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Dodecatheon meadia

Dodecatheon meadia
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Dodecatheon meadia
Dodecatheon meadia
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Dodecatheon meadia

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta dodecathei @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria dodecatheonis @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia melanconioides @ BPI (4)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Dodecatheon meadia L. - Shooting Star

Dodecatheon meadia plant

Family - Primulaceae

Stems - Scape to +30cm tall, glabrous, 3mm in diameter, from slightly thickened roots.

Leaves - Basal, spatulate, +10cm long, +2cm broad, entire, obtuse, glabrous.

Dodecatheon meadia basals Basal leaves in-situ.

Inflorescence - Umbellate cluster terminating scape, with +/-10 flowers. Pedicels glabrous, curving, to +4cm long, longer in fruit.

Flowers - Corolla tube 2-2.5mm long, 5-lobed. Lobes spreading at first and then sharply recurving, +/-2cm long, 7mm broad, glabrous, purple or white with yellow and maroon spotting at the base near the corolla tube throat. Stamens 5, borne at apex of corolla tube, opposite the corolla lobes, connate around the ovary, connivent around the style. Anthers long, +/-8mm, attenuate. Anther connective lilac to purple, yellow below, smooth. Ovary green, glabrous, cylindric, to 4mm long, 2mm in diameter, seeds (ovules) many. Placentation free-central. Calyx tube 3mm long, 3.5mm broad, glabrous. Calyx lobes 5, attenuate, 5mm long, alternating with the corolla lobes, spreading.

Dodecatheon meadia flower

Dodecatheon meadia white flower White flower.

Dodecatheon meadia fruit Developing fruit.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Prairies, meadows, hillsides, open woods, rock outcrops.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a very striking plant which is found throughout much of Missouri except the northwestern corner. The flowers can range from purplish to white but are most commonly purplish. This is an easy species to identify because of its big basal leaves and unmistakable flowers.

Photographs taken in Ripley County, MO., 5-15-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 268, 269, 271, 280 , 285, 286 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Primulaceae | Dodecatheon

17. Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 144. 1753.

Pride-of-Ohio

Dodecatheon meadia var. brachycarpum (Small) Fassett; Primula meadia (Linnaeus) Mast & Reveal

Plants 10-50 cm; scape mostly glabrous. Caudices not obvious at anthesis; roots whitish to tan or brownish; bulblets absent. Leaves 8-30 × 2-8 cm; petiole winged; blade (usually suffused with red at base even when dry), usually oblanceolate to oblong or spatulate, rarely ovate, base decurrent onto stem, gradually tapering to petiole, margins usually entire, rarely coarsely toothed, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences 1-25(-125)-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 3-10 mm, usually glabrous, rarely glandular-pubescent. Pedicels (1.5-)3-7 cm, usually glabrous, rarely glandular-pubescent. Flowers: calyx light green to green, 5-12 mm, glabrous, tube 2-3.8 mm, lobes 5, (2.5-)3-7(-9) mm; corolla tube maroon and yellow with dark maroon, ± thick, wavy ring, lobes 5, white or lavender to magenta, (10-)12-25(-27) mm; filaments usually connate, tube yellow, 0.5-3 × 1-2 mm; anthers (4-)5.5-10 mm; pollen sacs yellow, sometimes speckled with red or maroon, connective purple, dark maroon, or black, smooth; stigmas not enlarged compared to style. Capsules dark reddish brown, valvate, cylindric-ovoid, 7-18(-21) × 4-6(-9) mm, glabrous; walls thick, firm. Seeds without membrane along edges. 2 n = 88.

Flowering spring-early summer. Moist or dry hardwoods, prairies, and limestone slopes and cliff faces; 30-1000(-1600) m; Man.; Ala., Ark., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Dodecatheon meadia is widespread and highly variable. Many segregate species and infraspecific entities have been proposed. Except for recognizing D. frenchii (a diploid), partitioning D. meadia (a tetraploid) into finer units as done by N. C. Fassett (1944) is unrealistic. It has been traditional to distinguish at least two varieties. The typical variety is mainly a plant of the north and east with anthers 6.5-10 mm, capsules 10-18(-21) mm, calyx lobes 4-8 mm, and corolla lobes 12-20 mm. To the south and west (mainly Missouri, eastern Oklahoma, eastern Texas, and Arkansas to northwest Alabama, Tennessee, and Virginia) plants with anthers 4-7(-8) mm, capsules 7-10 mm, calyx lobes 3-5 mm, and corolla lobes 10-15 mm occur; these have been termed var. brachycarpum . A distinction is not made here because both entities are sometimes found growing together, and each can be found, often as individual plants, well outside its expected range. Flower color varies in a different pattern. Most of the southern populations of D. media have white petals; those of the north (including the Linnaean type) have lavender to magenta petals. Throughout the range, petals are sometimes more pinkish or are white with a tinge of purple. In southern Missouri and northern Arkansas are plants with alabaster white petals. All too often, a single population will vary in petal color, making a taxonomic distinction dubious. Plants with ovoid capsules 9-10 × 4-9 mm occur in Alabama; these were named var. obesum Fassett. Although the ovoid condition appears to be restricted geographically, it is doubtful that it diagnoses a well-marked variety.

Dodecatheon meadia is locally common in some areas; on its geographical edges, it is often rare and thus of local concern to some state heritage programs. The species is commonly cultivated and numerous cultivars have been developed.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dodecatheon+meadia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dodecatheon+meadia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2018-01-16 20:35:40 gmt
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