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Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch.
CAROLINA ELEPHANTSFOOT
Carolina elephant-foot

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Elephantopus

Elephantopus carolinianus, Carolina Elephants-foot
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 9
Elephantopus carolinianus, Carolina Elephants-foot

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Elephantopus carolinianus, Elephants Foot
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Elephantopus carolinianus, Elephants Foot
Elephantopus carolinianus, Carolina Elephants-foot
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 8
Elephantopus carolinianus, Carolina Elephants-foot

Elephantopus carolinianus, Elephants-foot
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Elephantopus carolinianus, Elephants-foot
Elephantopus carolinianus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, whole plant - in flower - general view

Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Elephantopus carolinianus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, stem - showing leaf bases
Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - on upper stem

Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Elephantopus carolinianus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, stem - showing leaf bases
Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Elephantopus carolinianus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Elephantopus carolinianus

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  flower @ I_EHLK (5)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (1)
Bionectriaceae  Dendrodochium rubellum @ BPI (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium elephantopodis @ BPI (166); 139411A (1); 139411B (1)

Coleosporium sonchi @ BPI (1)

Coleosporium vernoniae @ BPI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora elephantopi @ BPI (1)

Cercospora elephantopiodes @ BPI (1)

Cercospora elephantopodis @ BPI (6)
Peronosporaceae  Plasmopara halstedii @ BPI (1)
Sebacinaceae  Sebacina incrustans @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Colors

Carolina Elephant-foot Elephantopus carolinianus
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Carolina Elephant-foot
Brandywine Creek State Park
September 2003 Carolina Elephant-foot
Lake Gerar, Rehoboth
August 2011

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Elephantopus carolinianus Willd.

Elephant's Foot

Elephantopus carolinianus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - Erect, to 1m tall, branching, herbaceous, with uneven hirsute pubescence on stem(mostly pubescent at and just below the nodes), from tough stout roots.

Leaves - Alternate, sessile, elliptic to oblanceolate or spatulate, acute to acuminate, shallow serrate to crenate-serrate, slightly scabrous and pubescent below, sparse pubescent and shiny dark green above, to -30cm long, -10cm broad, tapering to base.

Elephantopus carolinianus leaves

Inflorescence - Capitate cluster (glomerule) of flower heads terminating stems. Peduncles to +10cm, antrorse appressed pubescent. Peduncles subtended by single foliaceous bract. Flower clusters subtended by typically three foliaceous bracts to +/-4cm long. Bracts with antrorse appressed pubescence.

Elephantopus carolinianus inflorescence

Involucre - Phyllaries loose, to -1cm long, 2mm broad, acute, green in upper 1/2, scarious below.

Ray flowers - Absent.

Disk flowers - Corolla lilac to whitish, irregularly 5-lobed. Corolla tube 5mm long, glabrous. Lobes to 5mm long, linear, glabrous. Stamens 5, adnate at base of corolla tube. Anthers connate around style, 2mm long, exserted. Style included. Achene (in flower) white, pubescent, 2mm long. Pappus of 5 bristles. Bristles to 5mm long, slightly flattened and expanded at base.

Elephantopus carolinianus flowers Disk flowers.

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Low woods, ravines, streambanks, moist thickets, open woods.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This plant is common in the lower 1/2 of Missouri. It is simple to identify in the field as no other plant even resembles it. The plant prefers shaded moist woods.
The flowers are typically more blue than they appear in the pics above.

Photographs taken in Vale, NC., 8-23-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELCA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELCA3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELCA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELCA3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELCA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELCA3
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Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch.
Carolina elephantsfoot

Image of Elephantopus carolinianus

General Information
Symbol: ELCA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Elephantopus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MD, Great Falls. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 354. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ELFL4 Elephantopus flexuosus Raf.
ELVI9 Elephantopus violaceus Sch. Bip.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Elephantopus L. – elephantsfoot
Species Elephantopus carolinianus Raeusch. – Carolina elephantsfoot

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New Jersey Carolina elephant-foot Endangered
Pennsylvania elephant's foot Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ELCA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ELFL4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ELVI9)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ELCA3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ELCA3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ELCA3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ELCA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Elephantopus+carolinianus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Elephantopus+carolinianus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Elephantopus carolinianus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0154 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0151 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0152 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot
ID: 0000 0000 0215 0153 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Elephantopus carolinianus
Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1703 [detail]
© 2016 Richard Spellenberg

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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