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Enchelycore lichenosa (Jordan and Snyder, 1901)
RETICULATE HOOKJAW MORAY
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Muraenidae   Enchelycore

Enchelycore lichenosa
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Enchelycore lichenosa

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Enchelycore lichenosa
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Enchelycore lichenosa
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Overview
Main identification features
  • brown + white spots and blotches
  • lower jaw curved - greater than gap between jaws
Dorsal and anal fins developed as skin-covered ridges, but clearly evident; rear nostril not tubular, at most with a raised rim; mouth large, lower jaw curved, so that a gap is present and teeth visible when mouth is closed; sharp, canine-like teeth of both jaws in 2-3 rows.

Dark brown, head and throat with numerous irregular white to yellowish blotches and spots; a series of large pale blotches on side of body.

Size: grows to 90 cm.

Habitat: rocky and rubble bottoms.

Depth: 5-25 m.

Known only from Japan and the Galapagos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 25 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=2; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=4; Longitudinal range=3.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; West + East Pacific (but not Central); "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 90 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Island (s) only; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jordan , and Snyder,., 1901., A review of the apodal fishes or eels of Japan, with descriptions of nineteen new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 23:837-890.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., The moray eels (Pisces: Muraenidae) of the Galapagos Islands, with new records and synonymies of extralimital species., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 40:417-427.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Anguilliformes  
 Family Muraenidae  
 Genus Enchelycore  
  Enchelycore lichenosa    (Jordan & Snyder, 1901) 
Provider: Chen, Hong-Ming 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Aemasia lichenosa   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) A review of muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zoological studies 33(1):44-64(Chen, Shao & Chen, 1994)
Character: HL 6.8-7.5, DGO 13.6-17.5, TR 3.2-3.5 in TL, Vert 148-152. Ground color dark brownish body with 3 rows of moss-like golden-yellowish spots on both sides of the body. Numerous little spots about the head, lower abdomen and the space between large moss-like spots. Pale yellowish abdomen. 
Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and southern Japan. Southeast Pacific: Galapagos Islands. 
Utility: Fisheries. 
Name Code: 380744
  
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Enchelycore&speciesname=lichenosa ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Enchelycore-lichenosa.html
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