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Ephippidae
SPADEFISHES
Batfishes; Scats

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Parapsettus panamensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Parapsettus panamensis
Chaetodipterus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Chaetodipterus

Chaetodipterus zonatus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Chaetodipterus zonatus
Chaetodipterus zonatus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Chaetodipterus zonatus

Chaetodipterus zonatus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Chaetodipterus zonatus
Parapsettus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Parapsettus

Parapsettus panamensis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Parapsettus panamensis
Ephippidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Ephippidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head short, convex
  • body: deep, very compressed disc
  • 1 dorsal fin spines short
  • teeth brushlike
  • process at base of pelvic
  • small pectoral
FAMILY EPHIPPIDAE

SPADEFISHES

Spadefishes are characterized by their deep, laterally compressed body, small terminal mouth with a band of brush-like teeth in the jaws, and a dorsal fin consisting of distinct spinous and soft-rayed portions (at least in eastern Pacific species). Young spadefishes frequently display a pattern of black bands or bars. The group is worldwide except for the central Pacific, with seven genera and 20 species and is divisible into three subfamilies. The subfamilies Drepaninae and Platacinae (containing Platax, popular aquarium fishes) are mainly Indo-West Pacific and are absent in our area.

The subfamily Ephippidinae contains local representitives as well as those from the western Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans. In our region there are two species from two genera; both species and one genus are endemic. Spadefish foods include algae and a variety of benthic and planktonic invertebrates including sponges, zoantharians, polychaete worms, gorgonians, tunicates. The flesh of spadefishes is highly edible.


References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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