D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Victorian Blue Gum; Southern Blue Gum; Maiden s Gum; Gippsland Blue Gum; Southern Blue-gum; Bluegum; Eucalyptus globulosus St-Lag; Eucalyptus gigantea Dehnh; Tasmanian bluegum; Bluegum Eucalyptus

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Myrtaceae   Eucalyptus


Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes vaporariorum @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia disseminata @ BPI (10)

Pestalotia eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (1)
Aphalaridae  Blastopsylla occidentalis @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Ctenarytaina eucalypti @ CSCA_TCN (26)

Ctenarytaina spatulata @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Asterinaceae  Aulographina eucalypti @ BPI (3)
Bolbitiaceae  Naucoria eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Sphaeropsis moelleriana @ BPI (2)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Chaetosphaeria ornata @ BPI (1)
Chionosphaeraceae  Stilbum aurantiocinnabarinum @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella moelleriana @ BPI (1)
Coreidae  Amorbus abdominalis @ UNSW_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium lactescens @ BPI (1)

Corticium @ BPI (1)
Cortinariaceae  Crepidotus mollis @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Calloria eucalypti @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Encyrtidae  Psyllaephagus pilosus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Oidium @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum gloeosporioides @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomoniella destruens @ BPI (1)

Laestadia rollandi @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Hendersonia eucalypticola @ BPI (3)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus ochraceus @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora latitans @ BPI (5)

Physalospora rhodina @ BPI (1)

Physalospora suberumpens @ BPI (5)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium leprosum @ BPI (2)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiostoma triseptatum @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Harknessia eucalypti @ BPI (8)

Harknessia longipes @ BPI (1)

Harknessia moelleriana @ BPI (1)

Harknessia uromycoides @ BPI (6)
Meruliaceae  Merulius albostramineus @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora eucalypti @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella molleriana @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium oxysporum @ BPI (1)
Nymphalidae  Danaus plexippus @ I_GBP (1)
Pezizaceae  Peziza emergens @ BPI (1)

Peziza subcornea @ BPI (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes robustus @ BPI (2)

Lentinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites betulina @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus felipponei @ BPI (1)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus sanguineus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (4)

Poria deformis @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus longispinus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Rhytismataceae  Coccomyces delta @ BPI (1)

Propolis emarginata @ BPI (2)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Steccherinum ochraceum @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (3)

Stereum fasciatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum heterosporum @ BPI (2)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (10)

Stereum rugosiusculum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sulphuratum @ BPI (1)

Stereum vellereum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Galera teneroides @ BPI (1)

Pholiota spectabilis @ BPI (3)
Teichosporaceae  Teichospora eucalypti @ BPI (1)
Teratosphaeriaceae  Readeriella mirabilis @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora australiae @ 364554B (1); BPI (1); 364554A (1)

Valsa eucalypti @ BPI (2)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia pulveracea @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia spinosa @ BPI (2)
_  Camposporium antennatum @ BPI (2)

Dictyosporium campaniforme @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium medium @ BPI (2)

Pleosphaeria modesta @ BPI (1)

Sclerotiopsis australasica @ BPI (1)

Secotium tenuipes @ BPI (1)

Theclospora bifida @ BPI (3)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 403 Forbidden http://wiki.bugwood.org/Eucalyptus_globulus/

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/eglobulus.htm

Following modified from US Forest Service
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/eucalyptus/globulus.htm

Following modified from Australian National Botanic Gardens
   Top | See original

An Australian Government Initiative [logo]
Floral Emblems of Australia
ANBG logo
  Home Botanic Gardens Biodiversity Research Plant Databases Plant Name Index (APNI)
Australian Plant Census (APC)
Cultivar Names
Registered Cultivars
Common Names
Virtual Herbarium (AVH)
Living Plants ANBG Identification Aids CD Interactive Keys
Plants of Black Mtn
Herbarium Specimen Plant Photographs Digital Images
All photo records
Photos by Family
Photos by Genus
Non-plant Photos
Conditions & Fees
About Plant Image Index
About ANBG's Photos
ANBG on Flickr Growing Australian Plants Growing Native Plants

Banksias (Banksia)
Wattle (Acacia)
Waratahs (Telopea)
Bottlebrushes (Callistemon)
Kangaroo Paws (Anigozanthos)
Nurseries and Seeds
Plant Groups Eucalypts
Fungi Cultural History Aboriginal Plant Use
Floral Emblems
Botanic Gardens
Horticultural History
Botanical Postage Stamps
Christmas Flowers
Music Botanical Art Gallery
Poison Plants
Woolcock's Paintings
Waratah Art People & Plants Collectors & Illustrators
Biographies ACT (Canberra) Region Census of ACT Plants
Plants of Black Mtn
Botanical Resource Centre
Public Reference Herbarium     Cafe Bookshop Friends of the ANBG
Australian National Botanic Gardens
Director of National Parks
SEARCH Home > Gardens | CANBR > Botanical Information > Floral Emblems

illust: Marion Westmacott ©ANBG Tasmanian Blue Gum

Eucalyptus globulus

(plant family: Myrtaceae)

Floral Emblem of Tasmania

The Tasmanian Blue Gum, Eucalypts globulus , was proclaimed as the floral emblem of Tasmania on 27 November 1962. [ Gazettal PDF , Official description , Official portrait ]

Eucalyptus globulus was first collected on the south-east coast of Tasmania in 1792-93 by Jacques-Julien Houton de Labillardiere (1755-1834) and described by him in 1799. He was a distinguished French botanist who accompanied Bruny D'Entrecasteaux on the expedition in La Recherche and L'Esperance in 1791-94 in search of their missing compatriot, La Perouse. The two ships of the expedition led by La Perouse landed at Botany Bay on 26 January 1788. They departed six weeks later and forty years elapsed before their fate was established by the discovery of wreckage at Santa Cruz, north of the New Hebrides. Labillardiere was a keen collector of plants and animals and also recorded detailed accounts of the appearance and customs of the Australian Aboriginals he observed. His plant specimens are now housed in the Museum of Florence.

Eucalyptus globulus photo Eucalyptus globulus now includes several subspecies of which E. globulus subsp. globulus is the Tasmanian emblem. The generic name Eucalyptus is derived from the Greek 'eu', meaning 'well', and 'kalypto', meaning 'to cover, as with a lid', referring to the operculum, a cap-like structure which protects the stamens in the bud and is shed when the flower opens. The operculum is a distinguishing feature of all species of Eucalyptus . The specific name globulus , from the Latin meaning 'ball-like' or 'spherical', refers to the shape of the fruit. The genus Eucalyptus numbers about 800 species which are widely distributed in Australia, with a few species occurring in some of the islands to the north. It belongs to the family Myrtaceae, which is widespread in Australia and tropical regions of the Americas.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is a tall, straight tree growing to 70 metres in height and 2 metres in trunk diameter under favourable conditions. The rough, deeply furrowed, grey bark is persistent at the base of the trunk but above this level it is shed in strips leaving the branches and the greater length of the trunk smooth-barked. The broad juvenile leaves, borne in opposite pairs on square stems, are about 6 to 15 cm long and covered with a blue-grey, waxy bloom. This is the origin of the common name 'blue gum'. The mature leaves are narrow, sickle-shaped and dark shining green. They are arranged alternately on rounded stems and range from 15 to 35 cm in length. The buds are top-shaped, ribbed and warty and have a flattened operculum bearing a central knob. The cream flowers are borne singly in the leaf axils and produce copious nectar which tends to yield a strongly flavoured honey. The woody fruits range from 1.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. Numerous small seeds are shed through valves which open on the top of the fruit.

Eucalyptus globulus distribution map Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus occurs in tall open forest in south-eastern Tasmania and to a lesser extent along the eastern coast of the State. It also occurs on King and Flinders Islands in Bass Strait. Outside Tasmania it is confined to Wilson's Promontory and the Cape Otway district in southern Victoria. The climate throughout its range is cool to mild, with wet winters and reliable summer rainfall. Within parts of its range, light frosts and snowfalls occur.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is protected in conservation areas such as Maria Island National Park, Freycinet National Park, Tasman Arch Nature Reserve and St Mary's Pass Nature Reserve. Outside State reserves it occurs in reserves managed by the Department of Lands and the Forestry Commission. Both authorities have regulations prohibiting the taking of native flora from Crown Land and State forests respectively without prior permission of the managing authority.

Being a very tall evergreen tree Tasmanian Blue Gum is unsuitable for cultivation in the average home garden but it can be recommended as a handsome subject for parks and large gardens in regions which do not experience severe frosts. It is easily propagated from seeds. In subtropical horticulture it has enjoyed popularity as a bedding plant, with freshly raised seedlings being planted each year. Its horticultural value lies in the unusual effect achieved by the colour and form of the juvenile foliage. It is grown successfully in large gardens in Cornwall, where the cool to mild, damp climate is favourable.

The flowers are usually inaccessible and so they are seldom available for indoor decoration. The large blue-grey juvenile leaves are ideal as backing material in floral arrangements in which an unusual colour effect and bold form are desired. Either fresh or dried foliage may be used. Both emit the distinctive eucalyptus fragrance so evocative of the Australian bush.

Tasmanian Blue Gum yields pale, hard and durable timber which is used in Australia for poles, piles and sleepers. The species has been widely planted in New Zealand, South Africa, South America, California, India and Mediterranean countries, in farm windbreak, forestry and ornamental plantations. Among the qualities admired overseas are its rapidity of growth, straightness of trunk, strength of wood and adaptability to a range of sites. Originally overseas plantations supplied antiseptic oil, fuel, telegraph poles, mine props and construction timber. In addition they now provide pulpwood for paper and rayon manufacture. It has also contributed to the drainage of swamps in malarial localities in central Africa, Italy and Turkey. Before the role of the malarial mosquito in spreading the disease was understood, there was a superstitious belief that the leaves of the Blue Gum released a magical essence which purified the air of fever germs. In reality the benefit is derived from the loss of suitable breeding sites for mosquitoes, brought about by the capacity of the trees to evaporate water from the swampy ground.

Tasmanian Blue Gum is so abundant in coastal areas of California that many people assume it is a native species. In recent years concern has been expressed that it appears to be becoming naturalised. Studies show that there is a tendency for it to spread from plantations by seed dispersal along drainage lines but it is doubtful that it will ever become troublesome.

It was featured on a 15 cent stamp [ illust ] issued on 10 July 1968 as part of a set of six stamps depicting State floral emblems. The stamp was designed by Dorothy Thornhill.

Although Tasmanian Blue Gum is the official floral emblem it seems to be seldom used for either official or popular purposes. This neglect may be due in part to the fact that, while it is a handsome tree of considerable economic importance, it is not as familiar to many Tasmanians as other indigenous species.

The armorial bearings of Tasmania include hops and apples, crops of considerable value to the State. The soubriquet, Apple Isle, is frequently used in tourist promotion and the apple is featured on a wide range of souvenirs.

Download a line illustration by Marion Westmacott. ©

Download copyright-free illustration by Fay Davies, suitable for childrens' colouring.


Written by Anne Boden for a booklet published by AGPS for the ANBG in 1985.


^ top


Contact us | Copyright and public access | Privacy Statement | Sitemap | Last updated:24 December, 2015
2012 Australian National Botanic Gardens and Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Canberra. All Rights Reserved

Following modified from Purdue University
   Top | See original

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Eucalyptus_globulus.html ---> https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Eucalyptus_globulus.html
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Eucalyptus_globulus.html

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=EUGL

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Eucalyptus+globulus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Eucalyptus+globulus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Eucalyptus+globulus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2018-03-19 23:16:12 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation