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Fothergilla major (Sims Lodd.
MOUNTAIN WITCHALDER
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hamamelidaceae   Fothergilla

Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

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Fothergilla major, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, leaf - whole upper surface
Fothergilla major, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, twig - orientation of petioles
Fothergilla major, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, whole tree or vine - general

Fothergilla major, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Fothergilla major, fruit - immature
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, fruit - immature

Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Fothergilla major, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Fothergilla major
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Fothergilla major
Fothergilla major
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Fothergilla major
Fothergilla major
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Fothergilla major

Fothergilla major
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Fothergilla major
Fothergilla major
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Fothergilla major
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FOMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FOMA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FOMA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FOMA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FOMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FOMA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.
mountain witchalder

Image of Fothergilla major

General Information
Symbol: FOMA
Group: Dicot
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Fothergilla thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Burke Co., Pisgah National Forest, Linville Gorge Wilderness, Pinch In Trail. April 18, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Burke Co., Pisgah National Forest, Linville Gorge Wilderness, Pinch In Trail. April 18, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Burke Co., Pisgah National Forest, Linville Gorge Wilderness, Pinch In Trail. April 18, 2011. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Hamamelidales
Family Hamamelidaceae – Witch-hazel family
Genus Fothergilla L. – witchalder
Species Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd. – mountain witchalder

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Tennessee mountain witch-alder Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (FOMA)
Flora of North America (FOMA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (FOMA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FOMA)
The Center for Plant Conservation (FOMA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (FOMA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Hamamelidaceae | Fothergilla

2. Fothergilla major Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 16: plate 1520. 1829.

Fothergilla monticola Ashe

Shrubs , 7-65 dm; branches robust. Leaves: stipules 2.8-7(-10.2) mm; petioles 3-10(-18) mm. Leaf blade broadly elliptic or somewhat orbiculate to obovate, asymmetric, 2.5-13.5 × 4.2-12.5 cm, base rounded to truncate, rarely cuneate, often oblique, proximal margins entire, distal margins coarsely sinuate to repand, rarely entire, apex short-acuminate to rounded and mucronate; surfaces abaxially glaucous or green, adaxially green, both surfaces stellate-pubescent or nearly glabrous; veins (4-)5-6(-7) pairs. Inflorescences nearly sessile to short-pedunculate, 3-6 × 2-3 cm. Flowers : calyx lobes persistent in fruit; stamens (10-)22-34; filaments 6-17 mm. Fruiting spikes 3.5-7 × 1.5-2.5 cm. Capsules 5.5-13 mm. Seeds 5-6(-8) mm, apex pointed. 2 n = 72.

Flowering spring (Apr-May). Bluffs, dry rocky woodlands, talus slopes, riverbanks, upper piedmont to mountains; 150-1300 m; Ala., Ark., Ga., N.C., S.C., Tenn.

The disjunct occurrence of Fothergilla major in Arkansas is a recent discovery.

Updated: 2018-06-24 21:05:23 gmt
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