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Gaultheria procumbens L.
CHECKERBERRY
Eastern teaberry

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Gaultheria

Gaultheria procumbens
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Gaultheria procumbens

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Gaultheria procumbens, plant and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Gaultheria procumbens, plant and flower
Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry
© Copyright Helen Vasaly 2010 · 1
Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry

Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry
© Copyright Helen Vasaly 2010 · 1
Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry
Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry
© Copyright Helen Vasaly 2010 · 1
Gaultheria procumbens, Eastern teaberry

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia maculicola @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia sydowiana @ BPI (1)
Asterinidae  Asterina gaultheriae @ BPI (18)

Asterina @ BPI (1)
Aytoniaceae  Asterella gaultheria @ BPI (6)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Guignardia gaultheriae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta gaultheriae @ BPI (8)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella gaultheriae @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Trochila @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Pseudomassaria leucothoes @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora gaultheriae @ BPI (5)

Mycosphaerella gaultheriae @ BPI (12)

Mycosphaerella @ 867578B (1)

Selenophoma @ BPI (1)
Schizothyriaceae  Schizothyrium gaultheriae @ BPI (10); 646229B (1); 646229A (1); 646233A (1); 646231A (1); 646231B (1); 646233B (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium vaccinii @ BPI (2)
Venturiaceae  Venturia gaultheriae @ BPI (9)
_  Schizontopeltis gaultheriae @ BPI (21)

Stomiopeltella gaultheriae @ 867578A (1); BPI (13)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GAPR2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GAPR2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GAPR2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GAPR2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GAPR2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GAPR2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Gaultheria procumbens L.
eastern teaberry

Image of Gaultheria procumbens

General Information
Symbol: GAPR2
Group: Dicot
Family: Ericaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Gaultheria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MA. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Lorton, Mason Neck State Park. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 693. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae – Heath family
Genus Gaultheria L. – snowberry
Species Gaultheria procumbens L. – eastern teaberry

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois wintergreen Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (GAPR2)
CalPhotos (GAPR2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (GAPR2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (GAPR2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (GAPR2)
Native Plants Network (GAPR2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (GAPR2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (GAPR2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (GAPR2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low Minor Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Low

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Gaultheria

4. Gaultheria procumbens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 395. 1753.

Eastern teaberry, checkerberry, wintergreen

Subshrubs, creeping, not mat-forming, rhizomatous or stoloniferous; adventitious roots absent. Stems decumbent, branches ascending, 5-20 cm, lanate, glabrescent. Leaf blades (pale green abaxially, bright green, glaucous adaxially), obovate to oval or orbiculate, 1.5-4.5 cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins serrate (teeth bristle-tipped), (slightly revolute), apex acute to rounded or obtuse, rarely mucronate, surfaces sparsely hairy (hairs unbranched). Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers or with 2-3 nodding flowers per node; bracts reddish, cordate, distinctly concave, 1-2 mm, not exceeding sepals, ciliate marginally. Pedicels pinkish, 1-3 mm, lanate; bracteoles absent. Flowers: sepals 5, connate 1/2 to nearly their entire lengths, white, cordate, 2.5-3.5 mm, ciliate marginally; petals 5, connate nearly their entire lengths, white, 8-10 mm, adaxial surface lanate-hairy, corolla urceolate, lobes 1 mm; filaments (pinkish), slightly widened proximally, lanate-tomentose; anthers with 2 apical awns (awns not bifurcating), dehiscent by subterminal pores proximal to awns. Fruits bright red to reddish violet, 6-9 mm wide. 2 n = 44, 88.

Flowering Jun-Sep; fruiting Sep-Jan. Mixed woodlands, mesic forests, dry, acidic woodlands, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks, old pastures, coniferous woodlands, maritime heathlands, montane heath balds, bogs and fens, usually in acidic and/or sandy soils; 0-1500 m; Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Although common or abundant in most of its range, Gaultheria procumbens has been listed as endangered in Illinois.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Gaultheria+procumbens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Gaultheria+procumbens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 16
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Gaultheria procumbens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0680 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1981 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0864 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1142 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1143 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0548 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0644 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0645 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3550 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3551 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3552 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3553 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3554 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3555 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3556 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Gaultheria procumbens
Gaultheria procumbens
Checkerberry
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3557 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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