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Geranium carolinianum L.
CAROLINA CRANES-BILL
Carolina geranium

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Geraniaceae   Geranium

Geranium carolinianum, Carolina Cranesbill
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Geranium carolinianum, Carolina Cranesbill

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Geranium carolinianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Geranium carolinianum

Geranium carolinianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases

Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena nasonii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (2)
Apidae  Nomada articulata @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Nomada seneciophila @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta geranii @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium geranii @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Sphaerotheca humuli @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (11)

Orthotylus ornatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora geranii @ BPI (3)

Ramularia geranii @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora geranii @ BPI (1)

Plasmopara geranii @ BPI (109)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia polygoni-amphibii @ BPI (2)

Uromyces proeminens @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium geranii @ BPI (30)
Venturiaceae  Venturia glomerata @ BPI (1)
_  Aulacorthum( @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Pestalozziella subsessilis @ BPI (7)

Stigmatea confertissima @ BPI (1)

Stigmatea geranii @ BPI (2)

Stigmatea robertiani @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=3&page=403

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Geranium carolinianum L. Carolina Crane's-bill
Geraniaceae — Geranium family
Native
Geranium carolinianum
Bellevue State Park
May 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Geranium carolinianum L.

Geranium carolinianum plant

Family - Geraniaceae

Stems - From a big taproot, multiple from the base, erect to ascending, herbaceous, often reddish, widely branching, densely glandular and simple pubescent, terete, to +50cm tall (long).

Geranium carolinianum stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, stipulate. Stipules to 1cm long, subulate, 3mm broad at the base, ciliate at least on one margin, often pinkish. Petioles to +15cm long, terete, pubescent as the stem. Blades palmately 5-lobed, as broad or broader than long, to +/-5cm broad and long, pubescent mostly on the veins abaxially and at the base of the leaf, the adaxial surface sparsely pubescent. Veins of the blade impressed above, expressed below. Lobes of leaf divided again. Ultimate divisions of the leaf often with a minute reddish tip, subacute to acute.

Geranium carolinianum leaves

Inflorescence - Paired pedunculate flowers. Peduncle expanding to +5cm long in fruit, densely simple and glandular pubescent. Ciliate subulate bracts subtending the pedicels. Pedicels to 1cm long in fruit, pubescent as the peduncle.

Flowers - Petals 5, distinct, pale pink, slightly emarginate at the apex, glandular externally, glabrous internally, to 3-4mm long, 2mm broad. Stamens 10, erect, surrounding the ovary. Filaments compressed and expanded at the base, green to pinkish, ciliate. Anthers pinkish-yellow, .7mm broad and long. Ovary superior, densely long ciliate (non-glandular), 5-carpellate. Carpels green, ovoid. Styles 5, green, glabrous at the apex, united at the base. Sepals 5, erect, oblong-ovate, with a 1-2mm long mucro, accrescent, +/-5mm long in flower, to 1cm long in fruit, 4-5mm broad (in fruit), ciliate externally (some glandular), very sparse pubescent to glabrous internally. Carpels in fruit to 4mm long, becoming black, densely long ciliate (some glandular), expanded style tube to -2cm long, pubescent and with a few glandular hairs.

Geranium carolinianum flower

Geranium carolinianum calyx Calyx.

Geranium carolinianum fruit Developing fruits.

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Meadows, prairies, fields, pastures, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This weedy yet showy species can be found throughout most of Missouri but is less common in the north-central portion of the state. The plant can be identified by its hairy stems, divided leaves, pinkish flowers, tapered sepals, and non-reticulate fruits. This is the most abundant Geranium in Missouri.

Photographs taken along Hwy 29 near Greensboro, NC., 4-20-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Geraniales  
 Family Geraniaceae  
 Genus Geranium  
  Geranium carolinianum    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Geranium atrum Geranium carolinianum albiflorum Geranium carolinianum carolinianum Geranium carolinianum confertiflorum Geranium carolinianum sphaerospermum Geranium carolinum Geranium dissectum carolinianum Geranium langloisii Geranium lanuginosum Geranium lenticulum Geranium sphaerospermum details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 403, 1993; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203405
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GECA5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GECA5
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GECA5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=GECA5
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Geranium carolinianum L.
Carolina geranium

Image of Geranium carolinianum

General Information
Symbol: GECA5
Group: Dicot
Family: Geraniaceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Geranium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Clarendon. Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. April 7, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 428. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Geraniales
Family Geraniaceae – Geranium family
Genus Geranium L. – geranium
Species Geranium carolinianum L. – Carolina geranium

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Geranium carolinianum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Geranium carolinianum</i>
L. var. <i>
carolinianum </i>
Geranium carolinianum var. carolinianum
Carolina geranium Distribution of <i>
Geranium carolinianum</i>
L. var. <i>
sphaerospermum</i>
(Fernald) Breitung
Geranium carolinianum var. sphaerospermum
Carolina geranium

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Geranium carolinianum Carolina geranium This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (GECA5)
CalPhotos (GECA5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (GECA5)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (GECA5)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (GECA5)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (GECA5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (GECA5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (GECA5)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low Low
Gee Moderate
Miller Low Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt
Gee
Miller

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Geranium+carolinianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Geranium+carolinianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 26
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Geranium carolinianum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0404 0981 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0404 1119 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0404 1120 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0404 1121 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0203 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0204 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Crane's-bill
ID: 0000 0000 0504 0205 [detail]
© 2004 Aaron Schusteff

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0151 [detail]
© 2007 Steven Thorsted

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0152 [detail]
© 2007 Steven Thorsted

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 1009 0091 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 1009 0092 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1793 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0318 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0914 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0915 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0812 0088 [detail]
© 2012 Steven Perry

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Cranesbill
ID: 0000 0000 1212 1580 [detail]
© 2012 Robert F Norris

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Cranesbill
ID: 0000 0000 1212 1582 [detail]
© 2012 Robert F Norris

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0514 1775 [detail]
© 2014 Debra L. Cook

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0514 1776 [detail]
© 2014 Debra L. Cook

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0215 1209 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium
ID: 0000 0000 0215 1210 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
ID: 0000 0000 0415 2306 [detail]
© 2015 Jean Pawek

Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
ID: 0000 0000 0415 2307 [detail]
© 2015 Jean Pawek

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