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Gobiidae
GOBIES
Specter gobies

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Bathygobius ramosus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bathygobius ramosus
Ctenogobius manglicola
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ctenogobius manglicola

Ctenogobius sagittula
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ctenogobius sagittula
Elacatinus digueti
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus digueti

Elacatinus inornatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus inornatus
Elacatinus nesiotes
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus nesiotes

Elacatinus limbaughi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus limbaughi
Elacatinus nesiotes
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus nesiotes

Elacatinus digueti
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus digueti
Elacatinus limbaughi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus limbaughi

Elacatinus inornatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Elacatinus inornatus
Coryphopterus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Coryphopterus

Coryphopterus urospilus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Coryphopterus urospilus
Coryphopterus urospilus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Coryphopterus urospilus

Gobiidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Gobiidae
Kinds
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • usually 2 ds
  • 2nd dorsal fin base greater than end of 2nd dorsal fin base to tail fin base
  • membrane under opercle - 5 rays
  • pelvics fused in disc or slightly separated
  • no ll
FAMILY GOBIIDAE

GOBIES, CRESTED GOBIES, CRESTED GOBIES, EEL-GOBIES, FRILLFINS, MUDSUCKERS

The gobies are the largest family of marine fishes in the world with about 212 genera and 1,875 species, of which about 160 genera and 1,200 species inhabit the vast Indo-Pacific region. In shallow marine and estuarine habitats in our region there are 86 known species, all endemics, from 27 genera, seven of which are endemic.

Gobies exhibit considerable variation in size, coloration, and body shape. Generally, they are elongate fishes with two dorsal fins, although Gobioides and Akko have a single dorsal fin. Some of the most important general characters for identifying various species in this region include number of spines in the first dorsal fin (VI vs VII), pelvic fin structure (fins separate or partially to completely fused to form a disc or plate), and scale patterns (scaleless to completely to partly scaled). Some species have barbells on different parts of the head.

Gobies are usually under 10cm in length, and many are considerably smaller. In fact some of the world's smallest known vertebrates are included in this family. Gobies dwell in marine or estuarine habitats, but there are a number of purely freshwater species as well. For example, the genus Sicydium inhabits streams and rivers of Central America. They are either bottom-dwellers or hover in the water column, a short distance above the bottom. They are associated with a variety of substrata, but many species exhibit an affinity for sand, silt, or mud bottoms. The depth range includes tidepools or shallow waters next to shore and offshore areas down to at least 150m. Some members of the genus Lythrypnus are parasite "cleaners" and can be seen skittering about the surface of much larger fishes such as moray eels. This group includes some of the most brilliantly colored gobies. Because of their small size, gobies are usually not used for human food, but due to their huge numbers they are an important part of the reef's food chain. Gobies are sometimes kept as aquarium pets, and a number of species have been successfully bred in captivity. Gobies exhibit a wide range of feeding habits, but most species are carnivorous. Much of the diet is composed of crabs, shrimps, smaller crustaceans (such as copepods, amphipods, and ostracods), molluscs, annelids, polychaetes, formaninferans, sponges, and eggs of various invertebrates and fishes.


References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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