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Hamamelis virginiana L.
AMERICAN WITCHHAZEL
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hamamelidaceae   Hamamelis

Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel fruit, flower and leaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel fruit, flower and leaf

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Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel fruit
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel fruit

Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel flower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel flower
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch Hazel

Hamamelis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hamamelis virginiana
Hamamelis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hamamelis virginiana
Hamamelis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hamamelis virginiana
Hamamelis virginiana, witch hazel calyx Howard County MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Hamamelis virginiana, witch hazel calyx Howard County MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

Hamamelis virginiana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hamamelis virginiana, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Hamamelis virginiana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hamamelis virginiana, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Hamamelis virginiana, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hamamelis virginiana, twig - orientation of petioles
Hamamelis virginiana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hamamelis virginiana, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia adusta @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia consocia @ BPI (1)

Seimatosporium consocium @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria hamamelidis @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta hamamelidis @ 352555A (1); BPI (55)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (1); 862119C (1); 864429C (1)

Phyllostictina hamamelidis @ BPI (2)
Ceratostomataceae  Gonatobotrys maculicola @ 352555B (1)
Cicadellidae  Draeculacephala antica @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura impar @ III (1)

Eratoneura marra @ III (1)

Eratoneura tersa @ III (1)

Eratoneura unica @ III (1)

Erythroneura fiduciaria @ III (2)

Erythroneura infuscata @ III (1)

Erythroneura ziczac @ III (1)
Cixiidae  Oecleus borealis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Dermea hamamelidis @ BPI (3)

Gloeosporium hamamelidis @ 394783A (1); 864429A (1); 862119A (1)

Pezicula hamamelidis @ BPI (21)

Pezicula @ BPI (1)

Pirottaea @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma ferrugineum @ BPI (1)

Diatrype platystoma @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)

Podosphaera biuncinata @ BPI (78)

Podosphaera @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Lagerheima sphaerospora @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete agglutinans @ BPI (6)

Hymenochaete corrugata @ BPI (2)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (3)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora corni @ BPI (1)

Physalospora cydoniae @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Glonium stellatum @ BPI (2)
Massariaceae  Massaria plumigera @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Atractotomus mali @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora hamamelidis @ BPI (5)

Mycosphaerella punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Ramularia hamamelidis @ BPI (19)
Papilionidae  Graphium hamamelidis @ BPI (5)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (3)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora nuda @ BPI (1)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus alveolaris @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Poria deformis @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrea @ BPI (2)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (6)

Poria ludoviciana @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (2)

Propolis versicolor @ BPI (1)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora brinkmannii @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex lacteus @ BPI (1)

Irpex obliquus @ BPI (1)

Odontia coloradensis @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum complicatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (2)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (3)

Stereum sericeum @ BPI (1)

Stereum striatum @ BPI (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella enata @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Trogia crispa @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon howeanum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon serpens @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia aquila @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia subiculata @ BPI (1)
_  Dermatella hamamelidis @ BPI (4)

Fumago @ BPI (1)

Gonatobotryum maculicola @ 862119B (1); 394783B (1); BPI (36)

Gonatobotryum @ 864429B (1)

Monochaetia consocia @ BPI (4)

Monochaetia desmazieri @ BPI (5)

Paracapnodium cephalanthum @ 698845A (1); 698846B (1); 698846A (1); 698845B (1)

Stilbella hamamelidis @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (12)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Hamamelidaceae | Hamamelis

1. Hamamelis virginiana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 124. 1753.

Witch-hazel, café du diable, hamémelis

Hamamelis androgyna Walter; H . corylifolia Moench; H . dioica Walter; H . macrophylla Pursh; H . virginiana var. angustifolia Nieuwland; H . virginiana var. orbiculata Nieuwland; H . virginica Linnaeus var. macrophylla (Pursh) Nuttall; H . virginica var. parvifolia Nuttall; Trilopus dentata Rafinesque; T . estivalis Rafinesque; T . nigra Rafinesque; T . nigra var. catesbiana Rafinesque; T . parvifolia (Nuttall) Rafinesque; T . rotundifolia Rafinesque; T . virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque

Shrubs or small trees , to 6(-10.6) m, suckering, forming dense clumps, not aromatic and resinous. Leaves not persistent in winter; petioles 6-15(-20) mm. Leaf blade broad-elliptic to nearly rounded or obovate, 3.7-16.7 × 2.5-13 cm, base strongly oblique and rounded, sometimes somewhat cuneate and weakly oblique, apex acute to short-acuminate or broadly rounded; surfaces abaxially pale green, not glaucous. Flowers appearing in autumn, faintly fragrant; calyx adaxially yellow-green to yellow; petals pale to deep yellow, rarely reddish, 10-20 mm; staminodes conspicuously dilated. Capsules 10-14 mm. Seeds 5-9 mm. 2 n = 24.

Flowering fall (Oct-Nov [Dec]). Dry woodland slopes, moist woods, bluffs, and high hammocks; 0-1500 m; N.B., N.S., Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Hamamelis virginiana exhibits a complex range of variation, not easily reconciled taxonomically, especially in the leaves and flowers. In the northern part of the range, the leaves are larger, averaging 9 × 2.6 cm, the petals are bright yellow, and the plants are normally shrubby. In South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, the leaves are usually smaller, averaging 6.2 × 4.1 cm, the petals are distinctly pale yellow, and the plants sometimes attain small tree proportions, to 30 cm in trunk diameter. Such plants have been referred to as H . virginiana var. macrophylla . On the Ozark Plateau, H . virginiana and H . vernalis are sympatric. There the petals of H . virginiana are often reddish at the base, indicating the role of hybridization in that part of the range. Infraspecific taxa are not recognized for H . virginiana because no consistently defined pattern of variation or geographic correlation can be identified with this plant.

Hamamelis virginiana was well known as a medicinal plant by Native Americans. Cherokee, Chippewa, Iroquois, Menominee, Mohegan, and Potowatomi tribes used it as a cold remedy, dermatological aid, febrifuge, gynecological aid, eye medicine, kidney aid, and in other ways (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Witch-hazel was subsequently used by the early European settlers in similar ways. A tea of the leaves was employed for a variety of medicinal purposes. The twigs were used as divining rods (water-witching), thus giving the vernacular name to the plant. Modern uses employ both the bark and leaves, and a good demand still exists for the pleasant-smelling water of witch-hazel, derived from the leaves and bark. The products are used in skin cosmetics, shaving lotions, mouth washes, eye lotion, ointments, and soaps.

Hamamelis virginiana is sometimes cultivated, largely for its autumn flowering.

The largest known tree of Hamamelis virginiana , 10.6 m in height with a trunk diameter of 0.4 m, is recorded from Bedford, Virginia (American Forestry Association 1994).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hamamelis+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hamamelis+virginiana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2018-01-20 04:04:00 gmt
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