Encyclopedia of Life | Search | All Living Things


Hippocampus histrix Kaup, 1856
THORNY SEAHORSE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Syngnathidae   Hippocampus


Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guide

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
  • FishBase

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Syngnathidae  
 Genus Hippocampus  
  Hippocampus histrix    Kaup, 1856 
Provider: P. L. Lin 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Hippocamphus hystrix Hippocampus guttulatus Hippocampus hystrix Hippocampus jugumus Hippocampus ramulosus Hippocampus sp.B   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase(2005); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Rings: 11 + 35 (34-37). Snout length: 1.7-2.0 in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 17 (15-18) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 18 (17-20). Coronet: medium, with four or five very long, very sharp spines. Spines: extremely long and sharp; all spines well-developed. Other distinctive characters: very long snout (more than 1/2 head length); single cheek spine; dorsal fin base very short; always has at least as many pectoral as dorsal fin rays (whereas most species have more dorsal fin rays); sharp ventral keel; prominent spine in front of coronet. Color pattern: base color variable, including pale pink, yellow or green; spines often dark tipped; may have pale "saddles", often filled with small dark spots, across dorsolateral surfaces; snout not striped. 
Habitat: A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adults are pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines. Not common in the aquarium trade. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04). 
Name Code: 381117
      IUCN Red List:VU  A2cd+4cd     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
Previous Page       Home Page

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Hippocampus&speciesname=histrix ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Hippocampus-histrix.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hippocampus histrix   Kaup , 1856

Thorny seahorse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippocampus histrix   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Hippocampus histrix (Thorny seahorse) Hippocampus histrix
Picture by Bednarzik, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Kaup .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 82 m (Ref. 37816 ), usually 15 - 40 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 22°E - 132°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Tanzania and South Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819 ). This name is used for at least four distinct species (Ref. 30915 ). International trade is monitored through a licensing system ( CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 7.9   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-18; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 4.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Large adult pelagic and probably associated with drifting debris. Associated with sponges and sea-squirts (Ref. 30915 , 58302 ). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205 ). Feeds on zooplanktons and small crustaceans (Ref. 89972 ). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205 ). Use in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing with the rise in patent medicines (Ref. 30915 ). Not common in the aquarium trade (Ref. 30915 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884 ). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall , 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Vulnerable (VU)  (A2cd+4cd)

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Appendix II: International trade monitored

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.4 - 29, mean 28.1 (based on 1240 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.53 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Warning : Missing argument 2 for checkEcotox(), called in /var/www/html/summary/speciessummary.php on line 1995 and defined in /var/www/html/includes/SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2473

Warning : Missing argument 3 for checkEcotox(), called in /var/www/html/summary/speciessummary.php on line 1995 and defined in /var/www/html/includes/SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2473
Total processing time for the page : 5.2971 seconds

Updated: 2018-06-24 05:58:14 gmt
Encyclopedia of Life | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation