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Holocentridae
SQUIRRELFISHES
Soldierfishes

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Myripristis gildi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Myripristis gildi
Myripristis jacobus
© Copyright Andy Arrison, 2006 · 0
Myripristis jacobus

Sargocentron suborbitalis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Sargocentron suborbitalis
Sargocentron
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Sargocentron

Sargocentron suborbitalis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Sargocentron suborbitalis
Myripristis
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Myripristis

Myripristis berndti
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Myripristis berndti
Myripristis clarionensis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Myripristis clarionensis

Myripristis gildi
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Myripristis gildi
Myripristis leiognathos
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Myripristis leiognathos

Plectrypops
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Plectrypops
Plectrypops lima
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Plectrypops lima

Holocentridae
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Holocentridae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head very spiny
  • large eye
  • 1 d
  • mouth large, terminal, lower jaw prominent
  • rough scales
  • generally red
FAMILY HOLOCENTRIDAE

SOLDIERFISHES, SQUIRRELFISHES

Distinguishing characteristics include rough scales, prominent fin spines, a large eye, and usually a red coloration. They possess a moderately large mouth, but the teeth are small. The tail fin is forked. Species of Sargocentron possess a sharp venomous spine at the lower corner of each cheek, and can inflict a painful wound if handled carelessly. During the day holocentrids shelter in caves and under ledges, but emerge from their retreats at dusk and spend the night feeding in the open. Myripristis consume larger planktonic items such as crab larvae, whereas the species of Sargocentron feed mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Although most of the species are small, the flesh is considered good eating. Members of Sargocentron were formerly classified in the genus Holocentrus (now restricted to the Atlantic) and later in Adioryx ( a synonym).

Squirrelfishes and Soldierfishes occur in all tropical seas, but most inhabit the Indo-Pacific region. The family contains eight genera with about 65 species; only six species in two genera are present in our area.


References
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  • Gill, T.N., 1863., Catalogue of the fishes of Lower California, in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. Part 4., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 15:80-88.
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  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., Fishes collected at Malpelo Island. In Graham, J.B. (ed.) The Biological Investigation of Malpelo Island, Colombia., Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 176:91-93.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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