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Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
EASTERN WATERLEAF
Virginia waterleaf

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hydrophyllaceae   Hydrophyllum

Hydrophyllum virginianum, Eastern or Virginia Waterleaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Hydrophyllum virginianum, Eastern or Virginia Waterleaf

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Hydrophyllum virginianum, VA Waterleaf
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Hydrophyllum virginianum, VA Waterleaf
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hydrophyllum virginianum

Hydrophyllum virginianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrophyllum virginianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Hydrophyllum virginianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hydrophyllum virginianum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Hydrophyllum virginianum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hydrophyllum virginianum, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Hydrophyllum virginianum, pollen

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena dunningi @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena geranii @ CUIC_ENT (7); AMNH_BEE (10)

Andrena milwaukeensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena nivalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus perplexus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Ceratobasidium anceps @ BPI (2)
Colletidae  Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (3)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum admirandum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (10)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria hydrophylli @ BPI (3)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora hydrophylli @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia hydrophylli @ BPI (19)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (7)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (2)
_  Ascochyta hydrophylli-virginiana @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Hydrophyllum virginianum L. Eastern Waterleaf
Hydrophyllaceae — Waterleaf family
Uncommon native
Hydrophyllum virginianum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
May 2009 Hydrophyllum virginianum
Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2002

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Hydrophyllum virginianum  L. - Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginianum plant

Family - Hydrophyllaceae

Stems - From rhizomes and fleshy roots, erect, herbaceous, multiple from the base, winged from decurrent leaf tissue, retrorse strigose on wing margins, purple at the nodes, to +/-60cm tall.

Hydrophyllum virginianum stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, deeply pinnatifid, with 3-5-7 lobes. Petioles reduced upward, those of basal leaves to +/-14cm long. Blade lobes coarse dentate, scabrous adaxially and deep green, appressed pubescent and silvery green abaxially, to +6cm long.

Hydrophyllum virginianum leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal scorpoid to capitate cyme. Peduncles to -10cm long, antrorse strigose. Pedicels to 5mm long, antrorse strigose.

Flowers - Corolla lilac to whitish, deeply 5-lobed, glabrous externally. Corolla tube to 4mm long. Lobes oblong, 7mm long, 4mm broad. Fornices 6mm long, -1mm broad. Stamens 5, adnate at the base of the corolla tube, alternating with the corolla lobes. Filaments white basally, purple at the apex, with floccose hairs in the middle portion of their length, other wise glabrous, to 1.4cm long. Anthers purplish, 2.1mm long. Ovary superior, conic, 1.5mm long and in diameter, with dense erect white pubescence, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Style lilac, glabrous, 1.2cm long. Stigma whitish, 2-lobed. Calyx deeply 5-lobed. Calyx tube to 1mm long. Lobes linear, 1mm broad, 5-6mm long, ciliate and antrorse strigose.

Hydrophyllum virginianum calyx Calyx.

Hydrophyllum virginianum flower

Flowering - April - July.

Habitat - Moist, rich, or low woods, thickets, ravine bottoms, base of bluffs, river flood plains, stream valleys.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout much of Missouri but is mostly absent from the southeast corner of the state. This is an easy species to identify in the field because of its rhizomes, divided leaves, and striking flowers.
The young leaves and shoots of this plant can be cooked and eaten. Natives used a root tea as an astringent for diarrhea and dysentery. The raw roots were chewed to treat mouth sores.

Photographs taken off the MKT Trail, Columbia, MO., 5-12-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HYVI

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hydrophyllum+virginianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hydrophyllum+virginianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Hydrophyllum+virginianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-18 14:12:41 gmt
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