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Hypsoblennius proteus (Krejsa, 1960)
SOCORRO BLENNY
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Blenniidae   Hypsoblennius

Hypsoblennius proteus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Hypsoblennius proteus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • 2 slender eye cirri; iris orange
  • d: notch after spines
  • behind eye: white bordered pale oblique bar
  • back: 5 dark bars
Gill openings restricted to sides of body by fusion of gill cover membranes to throat; nostril with slender cirrus; 2 pairs long slender cirri above eyes; jaw teeth incisor-like, in 1 row, immovable; dorsal XI-XII, 12-13, notched between spiny & soft parts; anal II, 14-15; pelvic I,4.

Head olive to flesh; a blue-dotted, blue-white bordered orange bar angles down & back from eye; blue-black blotch to half-moon behind eye; orange bars composed of dense dots radiate from eye; eye cirri orange; iris orange, sometimes with inner blue-white ring; body pale olive to flesh above, flesh with black peppering on belly; 5 dark red-brown to blackish bars on upper 1/2 of body and tail base; with irregular blotches in between; a series of white lines and spots along the midflank; pectoral with blue-white bar angled across base, clear membranes, brown to blackish rays; dorsal light olive-green, dusted with black, more densely on spiny part; anal olive, sometimes with white margin; tail with olive base fading to clear margin.

Size: 3.8 cm.

Habitat: rocky shores.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Revillagigedos Islands.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 5 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: benthic microalgae; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=19; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-111; Latitudinal range=1; Longitudinal range=4.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 3.8 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Revillagigedos Islands endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Bath, H., 2000., Verwandtschaftliche beziehungen der arten der gattung Hypsoblennius Gill 1861 (Pisces, Blenniidae)., Senckenbergiana Biologica, 80:175-187.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leˇn:153-170.
  • Krejsa, R. J., 1960., The eastern, tropical Pacific fishes of the genus Blenniolus, including a new island endemic., Copeia, 1960(4):322-336.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Hypsoblennius&speciesname=proteus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Hypsoblennius-proteus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hypsoblennius proteus   (Krejsa, 1960)

Socorro blenny Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hypsoblennius proteus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Hypsoblennius proteus (Socorro blenny) Hypsoblennius proteus
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Hypsoblennius: Greek, hypsi = high + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 10697 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10697 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205 ), and are attached to the walls of the parent's shelter (Ref. 56053 ). Eggs are brooded by the male parent (Ref. 56053 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Springer, V.G., J.T. Williams and T.M. Orrell , 1991. Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 2: Blenniidae. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 519:28. (Ref. 10697 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Vulnerable (VU)  (D2)

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25.8 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 55 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00332 - 0.01655), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.9   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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