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Ilex aquifolium L.
HOLLY
English holly; European Holly

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Aquifoliaceae   Ilex

Ilex aquifolium
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Ilex aquifolium

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Ilex aquifolium
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Ilex aquifolium

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Tetraleurodes mori @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Coccidae  Ceroplastes sinensis @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Coccus hesperidum @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Parasaissetia nigra @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Saissetia coffeae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Saissetia oleae @ CSCA_TCN (4)
Diaspididae  Aonidiella aurantii @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Aspidiotus nerii @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Lepidosaphes beckii @ CSCA_TCN (2)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILAQ80 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILAQ80
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILAQ80 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILAQ80
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILAQ80 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILAQ80
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ilex aquifolium L.
English holly

Image of Ilex aquifolium

General Information
Symbol: ILAQ80
Group: Dicot
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ilex thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NY, Brooklyn. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Celastrales
Family Aquifoliaceae – Holly family
Genus Ilex L. – holly
Species Ilex aquifolium L. – English holly

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Ilex aquifolium English holly This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ILAQ80)
CalPhotos (ILAQ80)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ILAQ80)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ILAQ80)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ILAQ80)
Related Websites
Swedish Virtual Flora: images & text (in Swedish) (ILAQ80)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 7
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ilex aquifolium%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0210 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 1205 0211 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
Acebo
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0342 [detail]
© 2007 Luisa Arana Navaridas

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0409 0942 [detail]
© 2009 Phil Pullen

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1760 [detail]
© 2010 Vernon Smith

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
ID: 0000 0000 1215 2888 [detail]
© 2015 Zoya Akulova

Ilex aquifolium
Ilex aquifolium
ID: 0000 0000 0116 1302 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2017-05-26 15:18:26 gmt
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