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Ilex opaca Aiton
AMERICAN HOLLY
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Aquifoliaceae   Ilex

Ilex opaca
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex opaca

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Ilex opaca
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ilex opaca
Ilex opaca, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Ilex opaca, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, whole tree or vine - general
Ilex opaca, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Ilex opaca, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, bark - of a large tree
Ilex opaca, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Ilex opaca, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, leaf - whole upper surface
Ilex opaca, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, twig - orientation of petioles

Ilex opaca, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, fruit - as borne on the plant
Ilex opaca, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Ilex opaca, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, whole tree or vine - general
Ilex opaca, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Ilex opaca, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, leaf - whole upper surface
Ilex opaca, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ilex opaca, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma ilicicola @ BPI (2)

Phoma ilicis @ BPI (1)
Alcyoniidae  Rhytisma curtisii @ BPI (9)

Rhytisma ilicis @ BPI (4)

Rhytisma @ BPI (2)
Aleyrodidae  Aleuroplatus ilicis @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Aleuroplatus semiplumosus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia minima @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia annulata @ 405357C (1); 405357B (1); 405357A (1)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia stellata @ BPI (5)
Andrenidae  Andrena alleghaniensis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena atlantica @ BBSL (1)

Andrena cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena hilaris @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena imitatrix @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena miserabilis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ UCMS_ENT (8); AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena nuda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena rehni @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ UCMS_ENT (3); AMNH_BEE (6)

Andrena vicina @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Apidae  Melissodes communis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia cf @ I_GBP (1)

Arthothelium taediosum @ I_GBP (1)

Coniarthonia pyrrhula @ I_GBP (1)
Asterinidae  Asterina cuticulosa @ 689507A (1); BPI (1); 689507B (1)

Asterina pelliculosa @ BPI (9)

Asterina @ BPI (1)
Aulographaceae  Aulographum vagum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia ilicicola @ BPI (4)

Fusicoccum ilicinum @ BPI (9)

Macrophoma phacidiella @ BPI (2)

Macrophoma @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta haynaldi @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta ilicicola @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta opaca @ BPI (13)
Coccidae  Ceroplastes floridensis @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Pulvinaria acericola @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa ilicina @ BPI (8)
Colletidae  Colletes banksi @ BBSL (2); AMNH_BEE (2)

Colletes thoracicus @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (3)
Cryptomycetaceae  Macroderma curtisii @ BPI (48)
Dermateaceae  Trochila ilicis @ BPI (3)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe cercophora @ 615838A (1); BPI (4); 615838B (1)

Diaporthe oxyspora @ BPI (3)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (2); CSCA_TCN (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella nigroannulata @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella opaca @ BPI (8)
Ellipsolagenidae  Fissurina subcontexta @ GAL (1)
Flatidae  Flatormenis chloris @ UDCC_NRI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Graphidaceae  Dyplolabia afzelii @ I_GBP (1)

Fissurina columbina @ GAL (1); I_GBP (1)

Graphis scripta @ I_GBP (3)

Phaeographis inusta @ I_GBP (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum bruneri @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Sphecodes aroniae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Sphecodes ranunculi @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Helotiaceae  Sporonema ilicis @ BPI (1)

Tympanis picastra @ BPI (2)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora ilicis @ BPI (11)

Physalospora @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile xylocopoides @ BBSL (1)
Miridae  Cariniocoris geminatus @ NCSU_ENT (13)

Dampierella schwartzi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp1 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp11 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp5 sp_005 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myrtlemiris yalgoo @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neolygus semivittatus @ NCSU_ENT (8)

Nesiomiris hawaiiensis @ BPBM_TCN (92)

Nesiomiris kawau @ BPBM_TCN (43)

Nesiomiris lanaiensis @ BPBM_TCN (3)

Nesiomiris oahuensis @ BPBM_TCN (15)

Nesiomiris reductus @ BPBM_TCN (50)

Nesiomiris restrictus @ BPBM_TCN (6)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora ilicicola @ BPI (1)

Cercospora ilicis-opacae @ BPI (2)

Cercospora pulvinula @ BPI (4)

Cercospora pulvinulus @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Calonectria colhounii @ BPI (1)

Heliscus lugdunensis @ BPI (2)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (1)
Parmeliaceae  Parmelinopsis minarum @ I_GBP (2)

Protoparmelia isidiata @ GAL (1)
Patellariaceae  Tryblidiella rufula @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (3)

Peniophora heterocystidia @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium aquifolii @ BPI (1)

Phacidium curtisii @ BPI (11)
Physciaceae  Heterodermia obscurata @ GAL (1)

Physcia americana @ GAL (1)
Pilocarpaceae  Byssoloma subdiscordans @ GAL (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria tenuis @ BPI (1)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus ostreatus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus adustus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dibaphus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus ilicincola @ BPI (2)

Polyporus tulipiferus @ BPI (1)

Poria inermis @ BPI (2)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria versipora @ BPI (1)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula cruenta @ I_GBP (3); GAL (3)
Saccardiaceae  Saccardia martini @ BPI (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium castaneum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium curtisii @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium fumigatum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium mariani @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum @ BPI (1)

Septobasidium sinuosum @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (2)

Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)

Stereum sericeum @ BPI (1)

Stereum umbrinum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Pholiota connata @ BPI (1)
Trypetheliaceae  Bathelium carolinianum @ GAL (3)

Trypethelium virens @ I_GBP (7); GAL (3)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ilicinum @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cytospora invisibilis @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia vernicosa @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon coccineum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon howeianum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon tinctor @ BPI (2)

Sphaeria ilicis @ BPI (6)
_  Chaetophoma ilicifolia @ BPI (1)

Creonectria coccinea @ BPI (1)

Dimerosporium opaca @ BPI (2)

Englerulaster orbicularis @ BPI (19)

Fumago vagans @ BPI (3)

Leptothyrium foraminulatum @ BPI (20)

Melampsoropsis ilicina @ BPI (1)

Phialea @ BPI (2)

Pilacre petersii @ BPI (4)

Ustulina vulgaris @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILOP ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILOP
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ILOP ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILOP
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILOP ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ILOP
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ilex opaca Aiton
American holly

Image of Ilex opaca

General Information
Symbol: ILOP
Group: Dicot
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ilex thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, LA, East Baton Rouge Parish, Baton Rouge, Hilltop Arboretum. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1959. Usage Requirements .

W.R. Mattoon. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, GA. 1929. Usage Requirements .

Robert W. Neelands. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA. 1958. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA, George Washington National Forest. 1932. Usage Requirements .

Wyman S. Smith. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA. 1942. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 486. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Celastrales
Family Aquifoliaceae – Holly family
Genus Ilex L. – holly
Species Ilex opaca Aiton – American holly

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Ilex opaca . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Ilex opaca</i>
Aiton var. <i>
arenicola</i>
(Ashe) Ashe
Ilex opaca var. arenicola
American holly Distribution of <i>
Ilex opaca</i>
Aiton var. <i>
opaca </i>
Ilex opaca var. opaca
American holly

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York American holly Exploitably Vulnerable
Pennsylvania American holly Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ILOP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ILOP)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ILOP)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ILOP)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ILOP)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ILOP)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ILOP)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ILOP)
Related Websites
AL-Trees of Alabama and the Southeast (ILOP)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (ILOP)
FL-Floridata (ILOP)
FL-University of Florida Horticulture (USFS Fact Sheet) (ILOP)
Henriette's Herbal Homepage (ILOP)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (ILOP)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (ILOP)
NC-Poisonous Plants of North Carolina (ILOP)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (ILOP)
TX-Vascular Plant Image Gallery (TAMU) (ILOP)
UK-BBC Gardening (ILOP)
UK-Plants For A Future (ILOP)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (ILOP)
USDI FWS-Chesapeake Bay Watershed (ILOP)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology Fact Sheet (ILOP)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+opaca&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ilex+opaca&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ilex opaca%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ilex opaca
Ilex opaca
American Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1480 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Ilex opaca
Ilex opaca
American Holly
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1481 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Ilex opaca
Ilex opaca
ID: 0000 0000 1017 1004 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2018-08-19 17:59:09 gmt
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