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Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
NORTHERN SPICEBUSH
Wild allspice

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lauraceae   Lindera

Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush, flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 9
Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush, flower

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Lindera benzoin, Spicebush
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush
Lindera benzoin, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 6
Lindera benzoin, pollen

Lindera benzoin ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lindera benzoin ---.. ZS PMax
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

Lindera benzoin pistillate flower, March spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lindera benzoin pistillate flower, March spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush

Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin, Spice bush

Lindera benzoin
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin
Lindera benzoin
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin

Lindera benzoin
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin
Lindera benzoin
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lindera benzoin

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena imitatrix @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia confluens @ BPI (1)

Diplodia linderae @ BPI (4)

Phyllosticta linderae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta lindericola @ BPI (6)

Sphaeropsis linderae @ BPI (2); 366495B (1); 366495A (1)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium albulum @ BPI (2)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella mellea @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Monostichella falcata @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe @ BPI (2)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype linderae @ BPI (1)

Eutypa lata @ BPI (1)

Eutypella ludibunda @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea collecta @ BPI (1)

Systremma natans @ 643546A (1); 643546B (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (1)
Excipulaceae  Dinemasporium decipiens @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Belonidium introspectum @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus cerinus @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Membracidae  Enchenopa binotata @ NCSU (7)

Micrutalis calva @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Nectriaceae  Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (2)
Nitschkiaceae  Nitschkia broomeiana @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora albula @ BPI (2)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (2)
Pentatomidae  Podisus maculiventris @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium apiculatum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium subrufescens @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora dearnessii @ 627513B (1); 627513A (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum sericeum @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Valsa linderae @ BPI (5)
Xylariaceae  Anthostomella ostiolata @ BPI (1)

Creosphaeria sassafras @ BPI (3)

Hypoxylon callostroma @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon crocopeplum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon glomeratum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon microplacum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon perforatum @ BPI (2)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (9)

Hypoxylon sassafras @ BPI (27)

Hypoxylon serpens @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia linderae @ BPI (7)
_  Camarosporium linderae @ BPI (2)

Isariopsis linderae @ BPI (1)

Microdothella ramularis @ BPI (1)

Otthia hypoxylon @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/lbenzoin.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBE3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBE3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBE3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBE3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBE3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
northern spicebush

Image of Lindera benzoin

General Information
Symbol: LIBE3
Group: Dicot
Family: Lauraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Lindera thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, PA. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
Family Lauraceae – Laurel family
Genus Lindera Thunb. – spicebush
Species Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume – northern spicebush

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Lindera benzoin . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Lindera benzoin</i>
(L.) Blume var. <i>
benzoin </i>
Lindera benzoin var. benzoin
northern spicebush Distribution of <i>
Lindera benzoin</i>
(L.) Blume var. <i>
pubescens</i>
(Palmer & Steyerm.) Rehder
Lindera benzoin var. pubescens
northern spicebush

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine spicebush Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LIBE3)
Flora of North America (LIBE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIBE3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (LIBE3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LIBE3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LIBE3)
Native Plants Network (LIBE3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (LIBE3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LIBE3)
Related Websites
GA-Georgia Wildflowers (LIBE3)
IL-vPlants (LIBE3)
IN-Twin Swamps Nature Preserve (LIBE3)
MO-Grow Native (LIBE3)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (LIBE3)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (LIBE3)
TX-Central Texas Plants Image Archive (LIBE3)
The Plant Kaleidoscope (LIBE3)
UK-Plants For A Future (LIBE3)
VA-Fairfax County Public Schools (LIBE3)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (LIBE3)
Virginia Tech (LIBE3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Lauraceae | Lindera

2. Lindera benzoin (Linnaeus) Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 324. 1851.

Spicebush, Benjamin bush

Laurus benzoin Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 370. 1753; Benzoin aestivale (Linnaeus) Nees; Lindera benzoin var. pubescens (Palmer & Steyermark) Rehder

Shrubs or small trees , to 5 m. Young twigs glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves horizontal to ascending, strongly aromatic (spicy) throughout growing season; petiole ca. 10 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Leaf blade obovate, smaller blades generally elliptic, (4-)6-15 × 2-6 cm, membranous, base cuneate, margins ciliate, apex rounded to acuminate on larger leaves; surfaces abaxially glabrous to densely pubescent, adaxially glabrous except for a few hairs along midrib. Drupe oblong, ca. 10 mm; fruiting pedicels of previous season not persistent on stem, slender, 3-5 mm, apex not conspicuously enlarged. 2 n = 24.

Flowering spring. Stream banks, low woods, margins of wetlands; uplands, especially with exposed limestone; 0-1200 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

The flowers of Lindera benzoin have an unusually sweet fragrance.

Among the Cherokee, Creek, Iroquois, and Rappahannock tribes, Lindera benzoin was used for various medicinal purposes (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lindera+benzoin&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lindera+benzoin&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lindera benzoin%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lindera benzoin
Lindera benzoin
Northern Spicebush
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1025 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Lindera benzoin
Lindera benzoin
Spicebush, Wild Allspice
ID: 0000 0000 0615 2000 [detail]
© 2015 Ansel Oommen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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