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Linnaea borealis L.
TWINFLOWER
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Caprifoliaceae   Linnaea

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

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Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linnaea borealis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Illinoia ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea wittrockii @ BPI (3)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia linnaeae @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Godronia linnaeae @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella linnaeae @ BPI (1)

Septoria linnaeae @ BPI (3)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora wittrockii @ BPI (30)
Venturiaceae  Coleroa dickiei @ BPI (1)

Coleroa linnaeae @ BPI (1)

Gibbera dickiei @ BPI (1)

Lasiobotrys linnaeae @ BPI (1)

Metacoleroa dickiei @ BPI (6)

Venturia dickiei @ BPI (23)

Venturia linnaeae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria linnaeae @ BPI (1)
_  Depazea linnaeae @ BPI (3)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/lborealis.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBO3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIBO3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBO3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIBO3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Linnaea borealis L.
twinflower

Image of Linnaea borealis

General Information
Symbol: LIBO3
Group: Dicot
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
GL   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Linnaea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, WA, Northern Cascades National Park. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, WA, Northern Cascades National Park. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Usage Requirements .

Margaret Williams. Provided by Nevada Native Plant Society . ©Nevada Native Plant Society. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Humboldt Co., Forest Service Road 13N01, 3200'. July 16, 1985. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Humboldt Co., Forest Service Road 13N01, 3200'. July 16, 1985. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Canada, Bruce Peninsula. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, ME, Campobello. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Bear Basin Butte. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Bear Basin Butte. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Dipsacales
Family Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle family
Genus Linnaea L. – twinflower
Species Linnaea borealis L. – twinflower

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Linnaea borealis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Linnaea borealis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
americana</i>
(Forbes) Hultén ex R.T. Clausen
Linnaea borealis ssp. americana
twinflower Distribution of <i>
Linnaea borealis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
borealis </i>
Linnaea borealis ssp. borealis
twinflower Distribution of <i>
Linnaea borealis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
longiflora</i>
(Torr.) Hultén
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
longtube twinflower

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Indiana twinflower Extirpated
Iowa twinflower Threatened
Maryland twinflower Endangered, Extirpated
New Jersey twinflower Endangered
Ohio American twinflower Presumed Extirpated
Pennsylvania twinflower Threatened
Rhode Island twinflower Historical
Tennessee twinflower Possibly Extirpated, Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (LIBO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIBO3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (LIBO3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LIBO3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LIBO3)
Native Plants Network (LIBO3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (LIBO3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LIBO3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis+var.+longiflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis+var.+longiflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 29
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Linnaea borealis var. longiflora%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower, Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1202 0590 [detail]
© 1987 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower, Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1202 0589 [detail]
© 1998 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower, Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1202 0591 [detail]
© 1995 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower, Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1202 0588 [detail]
© 1995 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower, Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0103 0068 [detail]
© 1995 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1974 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1297 [detail]
© 2009 Sierra Pacific Industries

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1300 [detail]
© 2009 Sierra Pacific Industries

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1301 [detail]
© 2009 Sierra Pacific Industries

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0611 1782 [detail]
© 2011 Barry Breckling

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0512 0286 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0512 0287 [detail]
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 0712 0336 [detail]
© 2012 Barry Rice

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 1013 1521 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0115 1566 [detail]
© 2015 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0115 1567 [detail]
© 2015 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0115 1568 [detail]
© 2015 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0115 1570 [detail]
© 2015 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0115 1571 [detail]
© 2015 John Doyen

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 0715 0804 [detail]
© 2015 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 0715 0805 [detail]
© 2015 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 0715 0806 [detail]
© 2015 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
ID: 0000 0000 0715 0807 [detail]
© 2015 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Linnaea borealis var. longiflora
Twinflower
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3385 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis+ssp.+longiflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis+ssp.+longiflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 9
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 8266 3261 2557 0022 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0096 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0093 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0099 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0095 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0092 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0097 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0098 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Linnaea borealis ssp. longiflora
Longtube Twinflower
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0094 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linnaea+borealis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 72
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Linnaea borealis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Western Twin-flower
ID: 0024 3291 2018 0066 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0699 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
American Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0887 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
American Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0888 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
American Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0889 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
American Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0890 [detail]
© 2005 Jerry Murray

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0547 [detail]
© 2005 Jeremiah Easter

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2334 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2335 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2336 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2337 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1029 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1030 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1031 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twinflower
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1146 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twin-flower
ID: 0000 0000 0409 1328 [detail]
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2625 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0811 0461 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0811 0469 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0811 0470 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
ID: 0000 0000 0811 0471 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0811 2319 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0811 2320 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Linnaea borealis
Linnaea borealis
Twin Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0811 2321 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-06-21 05:44:31 gmt
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