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Lobelia cardinalis L.
CARDINALFLOWER
Cardinal flower

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Campanulaceae   Lobelia

Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD ---.

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Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD ---.

Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis, Whole plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Lobelia cardinalis, Whole plant

Lobelia cardinalis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Lobelia cardinalis, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Lobelia cardinalis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Lobelia cardinalis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora effusa @ BPI (9)

Cercospora lobeliae @ BPI (1)

Septoria lobeliae @ BPI (16)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia lobeliae @ BPI (4)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria nebulosa @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Lobelia cardinalis L. Cardinal-flower
Campanulaceae — Bellflower family
Native
Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia cardinalis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
August 2004 Lobelia cardinalis
Ashland
August 2010

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Lobelia cardinalis L.

Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis plant

Family - Campanulaceae

Stems - To 1.2m tall, simple to branching above, glabrous to puberulent or retrorse strigose, carinate above, angled, purplish-green, herbaceous, with milky sap.

Lobelia cardinalis stem

Leaves - Alternate, sessile above, petiolate below, reduced upward and at base.  Petioles to +1cm long. Blades lanceolate to oblanceolate, typically glabrous to sparse hirsute or strigose, serrulate to denticulate, to 20cm long, 5cm wide, acute to acuminate. Margins often sinuous.

Lobelia cardinalis leaves

Inflorescence - A terminal raceme to 70cm long(tall). Each flower subtended by single foliaceous bract (reduced leaf). Pedicels to 5mm, puberulent to strigose.

Flowers - Corolla deep red (scarlet, crimson, vermilion), to +4cm long, resupinate, tubular, 5-lobed, fenestrate, glabrous to puberulent externally and internally. Stamens 5. Filaments red, united into a tube to +3cm long and surrounding style. Stigma 2-lobed. Calyx campanulate, small at anthesis but quickly enlarging to 1.5cm long, 5-lobed, 10-ribbed, greenish-purple, puberulent to strigose. Lobes up to 2.5cm long, +/-2mm broad, linear-attenuate.

Lobelia cardinalis flowers Flowers.

Lobelia cardinalis calyx Calyx.

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Wet ground, lake margins, streambanks, ditches.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is one of the most striking species of the genus Lobelia . The deep red flowers are easily noticed near bodies of water and in wet areas.
Steyermark lists three forms of the plant based on flower color. Form cardinalis (shown above) has deep red flowers and is the most common. Form alba has white flowers. Lastly, form rosea has rose or pinkish flowers.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-31-02 and along the shores of the Current River, Shannon County, MO., 8-15-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCA2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LOCA2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCA2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LOCA2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Lobelia cardinalis L.
cardinalflower

Image of Lobelia cardinalis

General Information
Symbol: LOCA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Campanulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Lobelia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Dale City. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 300. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LOCAG2 Lobelia cardinalis L. ssp. graminea (Lam.) McVaugh
LOCAG5 Lobelia cardinalis L. var. graminea (Lam.) McVaugh
LOCAM3 Lobelia cardinalis L. var. meridionalis Bowden
LOCAM Lobelia cardinalis L. var. multiflora (Paxton) McVaugh
LOCAP5 Lobelia cardinalis L. var. phyllostachya (Engelm.) McVaugh
LOCAP6 Lobelia cardinalis L. var. propinqua (Paxton) Bowden
LOCAP4 Lobelia cardinalis L. var. pseudosplendens McVaugh
LOFU Lobelia fulgens Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
LOSP3 Lobelia splendens Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Campanulales
Family Campanulaceae – Bellflower family
Genus Lobelia L. – lobelia
Species Lobelia cardinalis L. – cardinalflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Arizona Lobelia cardinalis ssp. graminea
cardinal flower Salvage restricted
Florida cardinal flower Threatened
New York cardinal-flower Exploitably Vulnerable

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LOCA2)
CalPhotos (LOCA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOCA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOCAG2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOCAM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOCAP4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOFU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LOSP3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (LOCA2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (LOCA2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (LOCA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LOCA2)
Native Plants Network (LOCA2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (LOCA2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LOCA2)
Related Websites
AL-Wildflowers of Alabama (LOCA2)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (LOCA2)
FL-University of Florida Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (LOCA2)
IN-Twin Swamps Nature Preserve (LOCA2)
KY-Wildflowers of Western Kentucky (LOCA2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center (LOCA2)
MI-Michigan Department of Natural Resources (LOCA2)
MO-Missouri Plants (LOCA2)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (LOCA2)
NM-Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (LOCA2)
UK-BBC Gardening (LOCA2)
UK-Plants For A Future (LOCA2)
USDI FWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program (LOCA2)
Wild Flowers of the Southeastern U.S. (LOCA2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lobelia+cardinalis+var.+pseudosplendens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lobelia+cardinalis+var.+pseudosplendens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lobelia cardinalis var. pseudosplendens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lobelia cardinalis var. pseudosplendens
Lobelia cardinalis var. pseudosplendens
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0302 0064 [detail]
© 1976 Alan Resetar

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lobelia+cardinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lobelia+cardinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 36
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lobelia cardinalis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0041 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0043 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 9189 3301 3549 0042 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2349 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2350 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0706 0176 [detail]
© 2006 George Rembert

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1954 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1955 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1956 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0087 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 6666 6666 0909 0025 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 6666 6666 1109 0242 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2629 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinalflower
ID: 6666 6666 0514 0122 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0216 0526 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0216 0527 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0216 0528 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0216 0529 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0216 0530 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1235 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1237 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1239 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1241 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
ID: 0000 0000 0416 1243 [detail]
© 2016 Wynn Anderson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-06-19 17:29:42 gmt
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