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Lycoperdon pyriforme . Schaeff
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Lycoperdaceae   Lycoperdon

Lycoperdon pyriforme, Pear Puffball
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Lycoperdon pyriforme, Pear Puffball

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Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aceraceae  Acer rubrum @ BPI (1)

Acer saccharum @ BPI (4)

Acer sp @ BPI (3)
Betulaceae  Betula lutea @ BPI (1)

Betula papyrifera @ BPI (1)

Betula sp @ BPI (3)
Blechnaceae  Sadleria sp @ BPI (1)
Fagaceae  Castanea dentata @ BPI (1)

Fagus silvatica @ BPI (2)

Fagus sp @ BPI (1)

Quercus alba @ BPI (1)

Quercus robur @ BPI (1)

Quercus sp @ BPI (4)
Juglandaceae  Carya alba @ BPI (1)

Hicoria sp @ BPI (1)
Oleaceae  Fraxinus americana @ BPI (2)
Pinaceae  Abies balsamea @ BPI (1)

Abies sp @ BPI (1)

Larix occidentalis @ BPI (1)

Picea excelsa @ BPI (4)

Pinus sp @ BPI (2)

Pinus virginiana @ BPI (1)

Pseudotsuga taxifolia @ BPI (1)
Salicaceae  Populus gileadensis @ BPI (1)

Populus tremuloides @ BPI (3)

Populus trichocarpa @ BPI (1)

Salix fragilis @ BPI (1)

Salix nigra @ BPI (1)
_  Substrate @ BPI (553)

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First person to use this name on MO: Nathan Wilson
Editors: Alan Rockefeller , walt sturgeon

Observations of:

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This Taxon, other names (37)

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Nomenclature:

Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Lycoperdon pyriforme

Author: Schaeff.

Citation: Fung. Bavar. Palat. 4: 128 (1774)

Deprecated Synonyms: Morganella pyriformis (Schaeffer: Persoon) Kreisel & D. Krüger , Lycoperdon piriforme

Misspellings: Morganella pyriforme , Lycoperdon pyriform

Classification:

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Family: Agaricaceae

Genus: Lycoperdon

Lifeform: Brief Description: See More | Edit

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Created: 2007-01-09 21:03:46 PST (-0800) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2017-02-22 21:03:59 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 939 times, last viewed: 2018-06-22 05:16:20 PDT (-0700)
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California Fungi—Lycoperdon pyriforme Lycoperdon pyriforme
(Photo: © Michael Wood)

Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff.: Pers.
Fung. Bavar. Palat. 4: 128. 1774.

Common Name: pear-shaped puffball

Synonym: Morganella pyriformis (Schaeff.: Pers.) Kreisel & D. Krüger

  • Sporocarp

    Fruiting body up to 4.5 cm tall, 3.5 cm broad, pyriform to subglobose, usually with a well-developed, pleated sterile base and conspicuous white rhizomorphs; exoperidium when young, cream, pale-tan to ochre-brown, the surface spinulose to minutely warted, (nearly smooth to the unaided eye); with age and exposure, often medium-brown to dark-reddish-brown, the ornamentation then granulose to slightly areolate; exoperidium persistent until senescence; endoperidium membranous, glabrous, pale-tan to ochre-brown; gleba at first white, soft, yellowish to yellowish-olive, at maturity olive-brown; fruiting body dehiscing via a late-forming apical pore; subgleba white, finely-textured, unchanging; odor and taste strongly fungal.

  • Spores

    Spores 3.5-4.5 µm, globose, smooth, moderately thick-walled, with a central oil droplet, pedicel absent; capillitium lacking pits; spores medium-brown in deposit.

  • Habitat

    Scattered to clustered on well-rotted stumps and woody debris, e.g. wood chips; also on lignin-rich soils; fruiting from after the fall rains to mid-winter; widely distributed and common

  • Edibility

    Edible when immature and the gleba still white.

  • Comments

    One difference Lycoperdon pyriforme has from other Lycoperdons is its preference for lignicolous substrates rather than soil. Fruitings are frequently clustered on old stumps and logs and have conspicuous rhizomorphs. The species epithet, which means "pear-shaped," should not be taken literally as globose forms occur along with typical fruiting bodies. Color and ornamentation are also variable. Young specimens developing in the shade are usually cream-colored with minute brown warts and spines, while older specimens exposed to drying may be dark-brown to reddish-brown, with a granular ornamentation. When fruiting in lignin-rich soils, Lycoperdon pyriforme can be confused with several Lycoperdon species, particularly L. perlatum , L. umbrinum , and L. molle . Lycoperdon perlatum occasionally occurs in clusters, but has larger conical spines which leave circular scars on the endoperium and a colored, not white subgleba in age; Lycoperdon umbrinum is a sooty-brown puffball fruiting solitary to scattered, with a more coarsely textured, grey-brown subgleba at maturity; Lycoperdon molle is a brownish puffball that also fruits scattered or in small groups, and like the previous two species, has a colored, more coarsely textured subgleba.

  • References

    Bates, S.T. (2004). Arizona members of the Geastraceae and Lycoperdaceae (Basidiomycota, Fungi). Masters Thesis. Arizona State University: Tempe, AZ. 445 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F. (1986). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 2: Non-Gilled Fungi. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 412 p.
    Calonge, F.D. (1998). Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 3. Gasteromycetes, I. Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales, Sclerodermatales, Tulostomatales. J. Cramer: Berlin, Germany. 271 p.
    Coker, W.C. & Couch, J.N. (1974). The Gasteromycetes of the Eastern United States and Canada. Dover Publications, Inc: New York, NY. 201 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Ellis, M.B. & Ellis, J.P. (1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes). Chapman and Hall: London, England. 329 p.
    Jarvis, S.S. (2014). The Lycoperdaceae of California. Masters thesis. San Francisco State University: San Francisco, CA. 336 p.
    Kreisel, H. (1973). Die Lycoperdaceae der DDR. J. Cramer: Lehre. 201 p.
    Moreno, G., Lizárraga, M., Esqueda, M. & Coronado, M.L. (2010). Contribution to the study of gasteroid and secotioid fungi of Chihuahua, Mexico. Mycotaxon 112(1): 291-315.
    Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
    Smith, A.H. (1951). Puffballs and Their Allies in Michigan. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, MI. 131 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Arora (1986): p. 691 (D), p. 692 (P)
    • Jordan: p. 358 ((D & CP)
    • Lincoff: p. 826 (D), pl 664 (CP)
    • Miller: sp. 364 (D & CP)
    • Orr & Orr: p. 116 (D)
    • Phillips: p. 283 (D & CP)
    • Smith & Weber: sp. 272 (D & CP)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 2004-2015 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Fungi  
 Phylum Basidiomycota  
 Class Basidiomycetes  
 Order Agaricales  
 Family Lycoperdaceae  
 Genus Lycoperdon  
  Lycoperdon pyriforme    Schaeff.: Pers. 
Provider: Chou, Wen-Neng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Lycoperdon pyriforme tessellatum Morganella pyriformis   details
Citation: Peng, J. T. et al: 食發所 Mycol. Monograph No.5: 31, 1991
Habitat: on soil 
Name Code: 143239
  
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lycoperdon+pyriforme&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lycoperdon+pyriforme&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

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Number of matches : 22
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Lycoperdon pyriforme%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Pear-shaped Puffballs
ID: 0000 0000 0509 0132 [detail]
© 2009 John W. Wall

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0680 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0681 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0682 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0683 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0684 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0685 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0686 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0687 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 1114 0688 [detail]
© 2014 Chris Wagner

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Pear-shaped Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3229 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Pear-shaped Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3230 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Pear-shaped Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0215 3231 [detail]
© 2015 Ron Wolf

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0114 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0115 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0116 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0117 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0118 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0119 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0120 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0121 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lycoperdon pyriforme
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Stump Puffball
ID: 0000 0000 0116 0122 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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