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Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid.
OSAGE ORANGE
Osage-orange

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Moraceae   Maclura

Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange

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Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange Tree Fruit
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange Tree Fruit
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera, fruit, X ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Maclura pomifera, fruit, X ---.. ZS PMax

Maclura pomifera, fruit, monkey brains ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Maclura pomifera, fruit, monkey brains ---.. ZS PMax
Maclura pomifera, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Maclura pomifera, whole tree or vine - general

Maclura pomifera, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Maclura pomifera, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Maclura pomifera, inflorescence - whole - male
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Maclura pomifera, inflorescence - whole - male

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia compressa @ BPI (1)

Diplodia maclurae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta maclurae @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis maclurae @ BPI (11)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Parthenolecanium corni @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Pulvinaria vitis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Derbidae  Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspidiotus forbesi @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspidiotus perniciosus @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Melanaspis tenebricosa @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Velataspis dentata @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype maclurae @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea collecta @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum omnivorum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiostoma triseptatum @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora maclurae @ 438007B (1); 438007A (1); BPI (2)

Ovularia maclurae @ BPI (7)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium roseum @ BPI (1)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (2)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Tryblidiella rufula @ BPI (7)
Physaraceae  Badhamia @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Poria @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex obliquus @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus lapponicus @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis mollis @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella maclurae @ BPI (3)

Aplosporella minor @ BPI (4)

Sporidesmium maclurae @ BPI (6)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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1. Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 806. 1906.

Osage-orange, hedge-apple, bois d'arc

Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817; I . aurantiacum (Nuttall) Rafinesque; Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall

Trees , to 20 m. Bark dark orange-brown, shallowly furrowed, ridges flat, often peeling into long, thin strips. Branchlets greenish yellow, becoming orange-brown; thorns stout, straight, to 1.5 cm, usually lateral to spur branch, spur branches often paired. Buds often paired, larger one red-brown, globose, 1.5-2 mm; scales ciliate; leaf scars half round, bundle scars arranged in oval. Leaves: stipules lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm, pubescent and long-ciliate; petiole 1-2.5 cm, pubescent. Leaf blade 4-12 × 2-6 cm, base rounded, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially pale, glabrate, midrib and veins pubescent, adaxially lustrous, glabrous, midrib somewhat pubescent. Staminate inflorescences clustered on lateral spur branches; peduncle 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; heads globose or cylindric, 1.3-2.3 cm; pedicels 2-10 mm, glabrate. Pistillate inflorescences: peduncle 2-2.5 mm, glabrous or pubescent; heads globose, sessile on obconic receptacle, to 1.5 cm diam. Staminate flowers: sepals distinct, yellow-green, ca. 1 mm, apex acute, pubescent; filaments ca. 2 mm, closely appressed to sepals, flattened. Pistillate flowers: sepals green, obovate, 3 mm, enclosing and closely appressed to ovary, hoodlike, ciliate near tip; ovary ovoid, compressed, ca. 1 mm; style base green, ca. 3 mm, branches 4-6 mm, glabrous; stigma yellowish, papillose. Syncarps yellow-green to green, spheric, surface irregular, exuding milky sap when broken, peduncle short, glabrous or pubescent; achenes completely covered by accescent, thickened calyx lobes and deeply embedded in receptacle. Seeds cream colored, oval to oblong, 8-12 × 5-6 mm, base truncate or rounded with 1-3 minute points, margins with narrow groove, apex rounded, mucronate; surfaces minutely striated or pitted.

Flowering spring. Thickets; 0-1500 m; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Maclura pomifera is native to southwestern Arkansas, southeastern Oklahoma, and Texas; it is introduced and naturalized elsewhere in the United States. Collections in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Washington appear to represent isolated escapes.

Maclura pomifera has been widely used in fencerows on farms and along roadways in the midwest and eastern states as windbreaks and wildlife shelter.

The Comanches used Maclura pomifera as an eye medication (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Maclura+pomifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Maclura+pomifera&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-11-18 20:46:42 gmt
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