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Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid.
OSAGE ORANGE
Osage-orange

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Moraceae   Maclura

Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange

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Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange Tree Fruit
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Maclura pomifera, Osage Orange Tree Fruit
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera, fruit, X ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Maclura pomifera, fruit, X ---.. ZS PMax

Maclura pomifera, fruit, monkey brains ---.. ZS PMax
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Maclura pomifera, fruit, monkey brains ---.. ZS PMax
Maclura pomifera
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Maclura pomifera

Maclura pomifera
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Maclura pomifera, whole tree or vine - general

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia compressa @ BPI (1)

Diplodia maclurae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta maclurae @ BPI (3)

Sphaeropsis maclurae @ BPI (11)

Sphaeropsis malorum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Parthenolecanium corni @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Pulvinaria vitis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Derbidae  Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspidiotus ancylus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspidiotus forbesi @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspidiotus perniciosus @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Melanaspis tenebricosa @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Velataspis dentata @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype maclurae @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Dothidea collecta @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum omnivorum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterographium @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophiostoma triseptatum @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora maclurae @ 438007A (1); 438007B (1); BPI (2)

Ovularia maclurae @ BPI (7)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium roseum @ BPI (1)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (2)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Patellariaceae  Tryblidiella rufula @ BPI (7)
Physaraceae  Badhamia @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Poria @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex obliquus @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus lapponicus @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis mollis @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella maclurae @ BPI (3)

Aplosporella minor @ BPI (4)

Sporidesmium maclurae @ BPI (6)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAPO ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MAPO
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Moraceae | Maclura

1. Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 806. 1906.

Osage-orange, hedge-apple, bois d'arc

Ioxylon pomiferum Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 118. 1817; I . aurantiacum (Nuttall) Rafinesque; Maclura aurantiaca Nuttall

Trees , to 20 m. Bark dark orange-brown, shallowly furrowed, ridges flat, often peeling into long, thin strips. Branchlets greenish yellow, becoming orange-brown; thorns stout, straight, to 1.5 cm, usually lateral to spur branch, spur branches often paired. Buds often paired, larger one red-brown, globose, 1.5-2 mm; scales ciliate; leaf scars half round, bundle scars arranged in oval. Leaves: stipules lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm, pubescent and long-ciliate; petiole 1-2.5 cm, pubescent. Leaf blade 4-12 × 2-6 cm, base rounded, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially pale, glabrate, midrib and veins pubescent, adaxially lustrous, glabrous, midrib somewhat pubescent. Staminate inflorescences clustered on lateral spur branches; peduncle 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; heads globose or cylindric, 1.3-2.3 cm; pedicels 2-10 mm, glabrate. Pistillate inflorescences: peduncle 2-2.5 mm, glabrous or pubescent; heads globose, sessile on obconic receptacle, to 1.5 cm diam. Staminate flowers: sepals distinct, yellow-green, ca. 1 mm, apex acute, pubescent; filaments ca. 2 mm, closely appressed to sepals, flattened. Pistillate flowers: sepals green, obovate, 3 mm, enclosing and closely appressed to ovary, hoodlike, ciliate near tip; ovary ovoid, compressed, ca. 1 mm; style base green, ca. 3 mm, branches 4-6 mm, glabrous; stigma yellowish, papillose. Syncarps yellow-green to green, spheric, surface irregular, exuding milky sap when broken, peduncle short, glabrous or pubescent; achenes completely covered by accescent, thickened calyx lobes and deeply embedded in receptacle. Seeds cream colored, oval to oblong, 8-12 × 5-6 mm, base truncate or rounded with 1-3 minute points, margins with narrow groove, apex rounded, mucronate; surfaces minutely striated or pitted.

Flowering spring. Thickets; 0-1500 m; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Maclura pomifera is native to southwestern Arkansas, southeastern Oklahoma, and Texas; it is introduced and naturalized elsewhere in the United States. Collections in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Washington appear to represent isolated escapes.

Maclura pomifera has been widely used in fencerows on farms and along roadways in the midwest and eastern states as windbreaks and wildlife shelter.

The Comanches used Maclura pomifera as an eye medication (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 24
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Maclura pomifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1037 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osageorange
ID: 8120 3181 4564 0126 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage-Orange
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0645 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage-Orange
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0646 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage-Orange
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0647 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange (fruit)
ID: 1338 3152 3388 0061 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 2008 California Academy of Sciences

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1640 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1641 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1642 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E. Willand

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1511 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3388 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3389 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3390 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3391 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0716 3392 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
ID: 0000 0000 0816 0585 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2546 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2547 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2548 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2549 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2550 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2551 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0916 2552 [detail]
© 2016 Steve Matson

Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
ID: 0000 0000 0717 2673 [detail]
© 2017 Steve Matson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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