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Medicago polymorpha L.
BURR MEDIC
Burr Medick; Medicago lappacea Desr; Medicago hispida Gaertn; Medicago apiculata Willd; Medicago hispida var apiculata Willd Urb; Medicago denticulata Willd; Medicago hispida var denticulata Willd Urb; Medicago denticulata var vulgaris Benth sensu Bentham, G 1826; Medicago denticulata var brevispina Benth; Medicago hispida var lappacea JMBlack; Medicago reticulata Benth; Medicago apiculata var confinis Koch; Medicago hispida var confinis Koch Burnat; Medicago confinis Koch JMBlack; Medicago hispida var inermis Urb sensu Urban, I 1873; Medicago hispida var longispina Urb; Medicago nigra Krock; Toothed Medick; Medicago hispida Gaertn nom illegit; Medicago nigra (L) Krock; Medicago polymorpha subsp polycarpa (Willd) Romero Zarco nom inval; Medicago polymorpha var denticulata (Willd) Kerguélen; Burclover

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Medicago

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Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 4
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Medicago polymorpha

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Myzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Nearctaphis sensoriata @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Sitobion ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Therioaphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Eucera actuosa @ BBSL (1)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (6)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca abrupta @ III (11)

Empoasca bicuspida @ III (2)

Empoasca bifurcata @ III (20)

Empoasca chelata @ III (3)

Empoasca curvexa @ III (3)

Empoasca dilitara @ III (2)

Empoasca erigeron @ III (18)

Empoasca fabae @ III (30)

Empoasca fabalis @ III (6)

Empoasca kraemeri @ III (1)

Empoasca ledesma @ III (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (4)

Empoasca rumexa @ III (1)

Empoasca sativae @ III (24)

Empoasca solana @ III (19)
Dermateaceae  Pseudopeziza medicaginis @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia coloradensis @ BBSL (1)
Pucciniaceae  Uromyces anthyllidis @ 196396A (1); BPI (3); 196396B (1)

Uromyces ciceris-arietini @ BPI (2)

Uromyces striatus @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Medicago polymorpha L.

Medicago polymorpha plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Medicago polymorpha stipules Stipules of the leaf.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Medicago polymorpha flowers

Medicago polymorpha fruits Fruits.

Flowering - April - October.

Habitat - Waste places, lawns, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This introduced species is rare in Missouri. It is much more abundant in the southeastern U.S. and in the tropical Americas. Steyermark only reported it in two counties at the time of his book. It is likely that the plant will spread over time.
This species is easy to identify because of its small yellow flowers and coiled fruits, which have bristled margins. Another species, M. arabica (L.) Huds. , is similar but typically has a dark central splotch on each leaflet and has stipules which are not cut as deeply as those of M. polymorpha .

Photographs taken in Crystal River, FL., 2-11-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Fabales  
 Family Fabaceae  
 Genus Medicago  
  Medicago polymorpha    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Medicago apiculata Medicago denticulata Medicago hispida Medicago hispida confinus Medicago hispida nigra Medicago lappacea Medicago loretii Medicago nigra Medicago nigra microcarpa Medicago nigra nigra Medicago pentacycla details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 332, 1993; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203184
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MEPO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MEPO3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MEPO3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MEPO3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MEPO3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MEPO3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Medicago polymorpha L.
burclover

Image of Medicago polymorpha

General Information
Symbol: MEPO3
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Annual
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
Other Common Names: bur clover
burr medic
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Medicago thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, CA. Usage Requirements .

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Islamic Republic of Iran. Usage Requirements .

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NC. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 351. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
MEAP3 Medicago apiculata auct. non Willd.
MEDE13 Medicago denticulata Willd.
MEHI Medicago hispida Gaertn.
MEHIA Medicago hispida Gaertn. var. apiculata (Willd.) Urb.
MEHIC Medicago hispida Gaertn. var. confinis (W.D.J. Koch) Burnat
MEPO8 Medicago polycarpa Willd.
MEPOA2 Medicago polymorpha L. f. apiculata (Willd.) Shinners
MEPOB Medicago polymorpha L. var. brevispina (Benth.) Heyn
MEPOC Medicago polymorpha L. var. ciliaris (Ser.) Shinners
MEPOP7 Medicago polymorpha L. var. polygyra (Urb.) Shinners
MEPOT Medicago polymorpha L. var. tricycla (Gren. & Godr.) Shinners
MEPOV Medicago polymorpha L. var. vulgaris (Benth.) Shinners

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Medicago L. – alfalfa
Species Medicago polymorpha L. – burclover

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arizona burclover Prohibited noxious weed burclover Regulated noxious weeds
U.S. Weed Information
Medicago polymorpha California burclover burclover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii UPL
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MEPO3)
CalPhotos (MEPO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEDE13)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEHI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEHIA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEHIC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPO3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPO8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPOB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPOC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPOP7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPOT)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MEPOV)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MEPO3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (MEPO3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (MEPO3)
Related Websites
AZ-Southwest Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse (MEPO3)
Australia-Tropical Grasslands Association (MEPO3)
CA-Santa Barbara Botanic Garden Fact Sheet (MEPO3)
CA-Southern California Wildflowers (MEPO3)
Cover crops database at the UC Davis Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP) (MEPO3)
FAO-Animal Feed Resources Information System (MEPO3)
International Legume Database & Information Service (MEPO3)
Italy-www.trifolium.it (MEPO3)
MO-Missouri Plants (MEPO3)
Managing Cover Crops Profitably (Sustainable Agriculture Network) (MEPO3)
TX-Central Texas Plants (MEPO3)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (MEPO3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+polymorpha&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Medicago+polymorpha&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 70
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Medicago polymorpha%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Medic
ID: 0000 0000 0502 1082 [detail]
© 2002 Ann Dennis

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
California Burclover
ID: 6205 3041 0702 0082 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur-clover
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0365 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
California Burr Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0601 0113 [detail]
© 2001 Jeff Abbas

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
California Burclover
ID: 8266 3261 1040 0012 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Medic
ID: 0000 0000 0601 0080 [detail]
© 2001 Craig Moore - California Department of Transportation

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Smooth-burred Medic
ID: 8266 3261 1040 0011 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur-clover
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0366 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Medic
ID: 0000 0000 0502 1081 [detail]
© 2002 Ann Dennis

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur-clover
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0364 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur-clover
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0367 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Burclover
ID: 0000 0000 0404 0105 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Burclover
ID: 0000 0000 0404 0106 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Burclover
ID: 0000 0000 0404 0842 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0549 [detail]
© 2008 Gary McDonald

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0548 [detail]
© 2008 Gary McDonald

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0550 [detail]
© 2008 Gary McDonald

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
ID: 0000 0000 0606 1140 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
ID: 0000 0000 0606 1141 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
ID: 0000 0000 0606 1142 [detail]
© 2006 Steve Matson

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Clover
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0547 [detail]
© 2008 Gary McDonald

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0995 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
ID: 0000 0000 0408 0997 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Medicago polymorpha
Medicago polymorpha
Bur Medic
ID: 0000 0000 0608 1705 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

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