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Merlucciidae
MERLUCCID HAKES
Life   Vertebrata   Fish

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Merluccius
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Merluccius
Merluccius angustimanus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Merluccius angustimanus

Merluccius productus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Merluccius productus
Merluccius gayi peruanus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Merluccius gayi peruanus

Merlucciidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Merlucciidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • elongate, tapering,large head and eye
  • 2ds, 2nd dorsal fin - long base, + notch
  • lower jaw projects
  • large pointed teeth
  • pelvics large, "normal"
FAMILY MERLUCCIIDAE

MERLUCCID HAKES

Elongate, compressed, tapering to a narrow tail base; head large and flattened, with a V shape crest on top; large eyes and mouth, lower jaw slightly projecting; jaw teeth long, strong and pointed; fins without spines; 2 separate dorsal fins, the 1st shorter and higher, the 2nd with a long base and partly divided by a notch; well developed, nonfilamentous pelvic fins, situated before the pectorals; tail fin short, slightly forked; scales small

A warm temperate to tropical family with 1 genus and 13 species, found in the Atlantic, eastern Pacific, southwestern Indian Ocean and southwestern Pacific. Two species in one genus are endemic to the eastern Pacific, one north temperate species enters the northern part of our region and the other occurs throughout our region.


References
  • Ayres, W. O., 1855., Description of new species of Californian fishes. A number of short notices read before the Society at several meetings in 1855., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1), 1:23-77.
  • Balart, E.F., Gonzáles-García, J. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 2000., Notes on the biology of Cephalurus cephalus and Parmaturus xaniurus (Chondrichthyes: Scyliorhinidae) from the west coast of Baja California Sur, México., Fishery Bulletin, 98:219-221.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • García-Rodríguez , F. J. and Aurioles-Gamboa, D., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad íctica en la Bahía de La Paz por … lobo marino de California, Zalophus californianus californianus. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:151-162.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Ginsburg, I., 1954., Whitings on the coasts of the American continent., Fishery Bulletin, 56:187-208.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Musick, J.A., Harbin, M.M., Berkeley, S.A., Burgess, G.H. Eklund, A.M., Findley, L., Gilmore, R.G., Golden, J.T., Ha, D.S., Huntsman, G.R., McGovern, J.C., Parker, S.J., Poss, S.G., Sala, E., & Schmidt, T.W., Sedberry, G.R., Weeks, H., Wright, S.G., 2000., Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in North America (exclusive of Pacific salmonids)., Fisheries, 25:6-30.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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