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Merluccius angustimanus Garman, 1899
PANAMA HAKE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Merlucciidae   Merluccius

Merluccius angustimanus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Merluccius angustimanus

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Merluccius angustimanus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Merluccius angustimanus
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head greater than 30 percent sl
  • 2nd dorsal fin 36-39
  • gill rakers 16-18
Elongate, compressed, tapering to a narrow tail base; head large (30-33.5% of standard length) and flattened, with a V shape crest on top; large eyes and mouth, lower jaw slightly projecting; jaw teeth long, strong and pointed; 16-18 relatively short rakers on first gill arch; fins without spines; 2 separate dorsal fins, the 1st shorter and higher, the 2nd with a long base (36-39 rays) and partly divided by a notch; well developed, nonfilamentous pelvic fins, situated before the pectorals; tail fin short, slightly forked; scales small, 121-134 on the lateral line.

Color – silvery, with a black cast above; fins dusky, pectorals blackish.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: bathypelagic.

Depth: 80-500 m.

Southern California to the Gulf of California to Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 500 m.
Depth Range Min: 80 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=1; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=32; Longitudinal range=40.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bathypelagic.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Offshore; In & Offshore.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 40 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Near Surface; Mid Water; Near Bottom; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Balart, E.F., Gonzáles-García, J. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 2000., Notes on the biology of Cephalurus cephalus and Parmaturus xaniurus (Chondrichthyes: Scyliorhinidae) from the west coast of Baja California Sur, México., Fishery Bulletin, 98:219-221.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • García-Rodríguez , F. J. and Aurioles-Gamboa, D., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad íctica en la Bahía de La Paz por … lobo marino de California, Zalophus californianus californianus. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:151-162.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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