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Monotropa uniflora L.
INDIANPIPE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Monotropaceae   Monotropa

Monotropa uniflora
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Monotropa uniflora

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Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view

Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Monotropa uniflora, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, stem - showing leaf bases
Monotropa uniflora, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, leaf - on upper stem

Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora, Indian pipe, fruit
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 1
Monotropa uniflora, Indian pipe, fruit

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Monotropa uniflora L. Indian-pipe
Ericaceae — Heath family
Native
Monotropa uniflora
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
July 2007 Monotropa uniflora
Photo taken by Jim McClements in his garden , though the plant was not cultivated. Jim McClements' garden
September 2006 Monotropa uniflora
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
June 2011 Monotropa uniflora
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
June 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Monotropa uniflora  L. - Indian Pipes

Monotropa uniflora plant

Family - Monotropaceae, (Ericaceae) (Pyrolaceae)

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Monotropa uniflora plant Flower close-up.

Flowering - August - October.

Habitat - Dry upland woods, ravines, thickets, slopes, ridges.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This unique plant can be found throughout much of Missouri but is apparently absent from the west-central portion of the state. The plant grows in thick leaf litter (mulch) and is saprophytic. This is probably the easiest plant in Missouri to identify as nothing else resembles it. Another species, M. hypopithys L. , has the same growth pattern but is a yellow to gold plant which turns red when fruiting. This latter species is less common in Missouri.
M. uniflora is pure white when fresh and begins to turn black upon drying. The fruits of the plant become completely erect as opposed to the flowers which nod.
Traditionally the plant was used to treat warts, inflammation, and general pains. A root tea was used to treat convulsions and epilepsy. The plant contains glycosides and is probably toxic.
Three families are listed above because the taxonomy of this group seems to change daily.

Photographs taken in Alley Spring Park, MO., 10-2-03, and in Conecuh National Forest, AL., 10-24-04.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Ericales  
 Family Pyrolaceae  
 Genus Monotropa  
  Monotropa uniflora    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Monotropa brittonii   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 10, 1998
Name Code: 202927
   Wang,2012:DD   Wang,2012:DD   
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOUN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOUN3
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 392 , 393 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Monotropa

1. Monotropa uniflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753.

Indian-pipe, monotrope uniflore

Monotropa brittonii Small

Inflorescences solitary flowers, 5-30 cm; axis white. Pedicels nodding at anthesis, erect in fruit. Flowers: sepals (3-)5(-6), similar to subtending bracts, lanceolate to oblong, 7-10 × 4-6 mm; petals (3-)5(-6), white to pinkish or reddish, obovate, 10-20 × 5-15 mm, base slightly saccate, margins entire, apex rounded or, rarely, slightly lacerate, adaxial surfaces with scattered hairs; nectary lobes 10, elongate, curved-cylindric; stamens 8-14; filaments glabrous or sparsely hairy; anthers horizontal at anthesis, transversely ellipsoid to depressed-ovoid, abaxial pair of sacs smaller; ovary 6-12 × 5-9 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; style 2-7 × 2-5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; stigma broadly funnelform, 2-6 mm diam., not subtended by ring of crowded hairs. Capsules 5-segmented; segments persistent after seed dispersal, stout, 7-11 × 5-12 mm, often connected along margins by fine, pinnate, vascular strands. Seeds 0.5-1 mm, mostly membranously winged. 2 n = 32, 48.

Flowering early summer-fall. Moist to dry, coniferous and mixed-deciduous forests; 0-3000 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; s Mexico; Central America; South America (Colombia); s, e Asia.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Monotropa+uniflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Monotropa+uniflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-12-16 17:23:14 gmt
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