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Monotropa uniflora L.
INDIANPIPE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Monotropaceae   Monotropa

Monotropa uniflora
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Monotropa uniflora

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Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, whole plant - in flower - general view

Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Monotropa uniflora, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, stem - showing leaf bases
Monotropa uniflora, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Monotropa uniflora, leaf - on upper stem

Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe

Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe
© Copyright Dawn Dextraze 2010 · 1
Monotropa uniflora, Indian Pipe

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=4&page=10

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Monotropa uniflora L. Indian-pipe
Ericaceae — Heath family
Native
Monotropa uniflora
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
July 2007 Monotropa uniflora
Photo taken by Jim McClements in his garden , though the plant was not cultivated. Jim McClements' garden
September 2006 Monotropa uniflora
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
June 2011 Monotropa uniflora
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
June 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Monotropa uniflora  L.

Indian Pipes

Monotropa uniflora plant

Family - Monotropaceae, (Ericaceae) (Pyrolaceae)

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Monotropa uniflora plant Flower close-up.

Flowering - August - October.

Habitat - Dry upland woods, ravines, thickets, slopes, ridges.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This unique plant can be found throughout much of Missouri but is apparently absent from the west-central portion of the state. The plant grows in thick leaf litter (mulch) and is saprophytic. This is probably the easiest plant in Missouri to identify as nothing else resembles it. Another species, M. hypopithys L. , has the same growth pattern but is a yellow to gold plant which turns red when fruiting. This latter species is less common in Missouri.
M. uniflora is pure white when fresh and begins to turn black upon drying. The fruits of the plant become completely erect as opposed to the flowers which nod.
Traditionally the plant was used to treat warts, inflammation, and general pains. A root tea was used to treat convulsions and epilepsy. The plant contains glycosides and is probably toxic.
Three families are listed above because the taxonomy of this group seems to change daily.

Photographs taken in Alley Spring Park, MO., 10-2-03, and in Conecuh National Forest, AL., 10-24-04.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Ericales  
 Family Ericaceae  
 Genus Monotropa  
  Monotropa uniflora    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Monotropa brittonii   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 10, 1998
Name Code: 202927
   Wang,2012:DD   Wang,2012:DD   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOUN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOUN3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOUN3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MOUN3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MOUN3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MOUN3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Monotropa uniflora L.
Indianpipe

Image of Monotropa uniflora

General Information
Symbol: MOUN3
Group: Dicot
Family: Monotropaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Monotropa thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Del Norte Co., Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park. July 8, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, MA, Bedford, Harvard University Concord Field Station. July 15, 1986. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Manassas, Lake Jackson. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

Paul Steucke. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA, George Washington National Forest. 1968. Usage Requirements .

Paul Steucke. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, VA, George Washington National Forest. 1969. Usage Requirements .

Charles A. Wellner. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ID. 1939. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Pierce Co., Ashford, Tahoma Woods. July 11, 2005. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 674. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
MOBR4 Monotropa brittonii Small

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Monotropaceae – Indian Pipe family
Genus Monotropa L. – Indianpipe
Species Monotropa uniflora L. – Indianpipe

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MOUN3)
CalPhotos (MOUN3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MOBR4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MOUN3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MOUN3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (MOUN3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (MOUN3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (MOUN3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (MOUN3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (MOUN3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 392 , 393 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Monotropa

1. Monotropa uniflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 387. 1753.

Indian-pipe, monotrope uniflore

Monotropa brittonii Small

Inflorescences solitary flowers, 5-30 cm; axis white. Pedicels nodding at anthesis, erect in fruit. Flowers: sepals (3-)5(-6), similar to subtending bracts, lanceolate to oblong, 7-10 × 4-6 mm; petals (3-)5(-6), white to pinkish or reddish, obovate, 10-20 × 5-15 mm, base slightly saccate, margins entire, apex rounded or, rarely, slightly lacerate, adaxial surfaces with scattered hairs; nectary lobes 10, elongate, curved-cylindric; stamens 8-14; filaments glabrous or sparsely hairy; anthers horizontal at anthesis, transversely ellipsoid to depressed-ovoid, abaxial pair of sacs smaller; ovary 6-12 × 5-9 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; style 2-7 × 2-5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; stigma broadly funnelform, 2-6 mm diam., not subtended by ring of crowded hairs. Capsules 5-segmented; segments persistent after seed dispersal, stout, 7-11 × 5-12 mm, often connected along margins by fine, pinnate, vascular strands. Seeds 0.5-1 mm, mostly membranously winged. 2 n = 32, 48.

Flowering early summer-fall. Moist to dry, coniferous and mixed-deciduous forests; 0-3000 m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; s Mexico; Central America; South America (Colombia); s, e Asia.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Monotropa+uniflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Monotropa+uniflora&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 65
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Monotropa uniflora%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0024 3291 1999 0063 [detail]
Frithjof Holmboe
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0024 3291 2007 0023 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0148 [detail]
© 2003 Tony LaBanca

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0150 [detail]
© 2003 Tony LaBanca

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0803 0506 [detail]
© 2003 Charles E. Jones

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian-pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0172 [detail]
© 2000 Redwood National and State Parks

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0024 3291 2018 0085 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0754 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0756 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indianpipe
ID: 0000 0000 0305 0805 [detail]
© 2005 Dieter Wilken

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0705 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0706 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0705 1135 [detail]
© 2005 Julie Wakelin

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0705 1136 [detail]
© 2005 Julie Wakelin

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2438 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0706 1491 [detail]
© 2006 Shawn DeCew

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0353 [detail]
© 2006 Shawn DeCew

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0354 [detail]
© 2006 Shawn DeCew

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0451 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0711 [detail]
© 2006 Hartmut Wisch

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0907 0064 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0907 0065 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2045 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora
Indian Pipe
ID: 0000 0000 0808 2008 [detail]
© 2008 Matt Below

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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